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Monterey Park, CA, United States

The Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey is located in Monterey, California, USA. Founded in 1955, the Institute specializes in international policy, environmental policy, international business, language teaching, and translation and interpretation.The Institute has two graduate professional schools, the Graduate School of Translation, Interpretation, and Language Education and the Graduate School of International Policy and Management, and five research centers. The Institute awards Masters of Arts , Master of Business Administration , Masters of Public Administration , and numerous certificates across a variety of disciplines. The Institute's mission is to create an academic community committed to preparing the next generation of leaders in cross-cultural, multilingual environments. In 2011, the Institute produced more Fulbright Fellows per capita than any other graduate school in the US. Wikipedia.

Sahoo A.,Stanford University | Shrimali G.,Monterey Institute of International Studies
Energy Policy | Year: 2013

Often, a goal of renewable energy policies is the development of domestic renewable energy technology manufacturing capacity. The Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (NSM) in India is an example; besides targeting an installation of 20. GW of grid-tied solar power capacity, it includes a domestic content requirement (DCR) to strengthen a solar photovoltaic manufacturing base. We ask whether the DCR of the NSM will be effective in ensuring the global competitiveness of the beneficiary sector. Our analysis reveals three observations that indicate this outcome is unlikely: (1) the manufacturing base has become less competitive over time, (2) developers may be favoring thin-film technology, thereby bypassing the DCR, which applies specifically to crystalline silicon cells and modules and (3) gaps in the Indian innovation system are likely to prevent a return to competitiveness by solar photovoltaic manufacturers. In particular, a comparison with the Chinese innovation system indicates shortcomings in the Indian innovation system of R&D capabilities, coordination of resource provision and complementary industrial strengths. Given these observations, we suggest that policymakers remove the solar photovoltaic DCR from the NSM. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Langholz J.,Monterey Institute of International Studies
Great Plains Research | Year: 2010

Like many parts of the world, the Northern Great Plains laces immense challenges to sustainable land use. Privately owned conservation areas have emerged as a potential solution. This artiele reviews five global trends in so-called private protected areas and discusses their implications lor the Northern Great Plains. The trends point to five recommendations to the Northern Great Plains community: (1) act now to tap rapidly growing policy support; (2) combine many models, including private protected areas that are owned by individuals and groups, formal and informal, large and small, and are dedicated to strict protection as well as sustainable use; (3) cultivate diverse revenue streams with emphasis on carbon payments, hunting, and tourism; (4) connect spatially through private-public or private-private partnerships to generate both ecological and economic benefits; and (5) cultivate a reputation for delivering high-quality products and services. The trends and recommendations should be of interest wherever landowners, policy makers, academics, and others seek to integrate economics with ecology in the Northern Great Plains. © 2010 Copyright by the Center for Great Plains Studies, University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Source

Gennet S.,Nature Conservancy | Howard J.,Nature Conservancy | Langholz J.,Monterey Institute of International Studies | Andrews K.,Nature Conservancy | And 2 more authors.
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment | Year: 2013

Floodplain and riparian ecosystems are noteworthy for their biodiversity conservation value as well as for their widespread conversion to agriculture. Recent evidence indicates that the conversion of remaining habitat may be accelerating because of a new threat: on-farm practices meant to promote food safety. Nationwide, US fruit and vegetable farmers report being pressured by commercial produce buyers to engage in land-use practices that are not conducive to wildlife and habitat conservation, in a scientifically questionable attempt to reduce food-borne illness risk. We measured the extent of impacts from some of these practices in a leading produce-growing region of California. Over a 5-year period following an outbreak of toxic Escherichia coli from spinach, a crop grown extensively in the region, 13.3% of remaining riparian habitat was eliminated or degraded. If these practices were implemented statewide, across all crops, up to 40% of riparian habitat and 45% of wetlands in some counties would be affected. This study highlights the importance of managing farms for both food safety and ecological health through the use of an evidence-based, adaptive management approach. Ongoing biodiversity loss and global integration of the food supply make these findings relevant wherever produce is grown. © The Ecological Society of America. Source

Kahrl F.,University of California at Berkeley | Kahrl F.,Energy and Environmental Economics Inc. | Williams J.H.,Energy and Environmental Economics Inc. | Williams J.H.,Monterey Institute of International Studies | Hu J.,North China Electrical Power University
Energy Policy | Year: 2013

The transition to a cleaner and more cost-efficient electricity system in China is political-economic as well as technological. An example is the reform of China's method of dispatching power plants, which potentially affects the economic relationships between consumers and producers, between grid and generating companies, and between central and provincial governments. Historically, coal-fired power plants in China all received roughly the same number of operating hours, regardless of efficiency or cost. In 2007, Chinese government agencies began to pilot "energy efficient dispatch," which requires that generators be dispatched on the basis of thermal efficiency. Using a case study of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China, we evaluated potential energy and cost savings from a change to energy efficient dispatch. We found that the savings are at best relatively small, because large, efficient generators already account for a significant share of total generation. Moreover, as an administrative policy that does not change economic incentives, energy efficient dispatch exacerbates imbalances and center-provincial tensions in the current system. We argue that incentive-based dispatch reform is likely to produce better outcomes, and that the keys to this reform are empowering an independent regulator with pricing authority and establishing a formal, transparent ratemaking process. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Shrimali G.,Monterey Institute of International Studies | Sahoo A.,Stanford University
Energy Policy | Year: 2014

The Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM), India's flagship policy for solar energy deployment, includes an increasingly strict Domestic Content Requirement (DCR) intended to promote the domestic crystalline photovoltaic solar industry. We examine the impact of the JNNSM DCR on the utilization of domestic and domestic crystalline silicon modules. Using a plant-level database of approximately 250 plants, we show that the first, and weaker, version of the policy accomplished its intention of promoting domestic crystalline silicon modules. However, the second, and stricter, version of the policy has not been as effective: it appears to have promoted the use of foreign thin film modules instead. This analysis shows that the tightening of the DCR was associated with leakage to foreign thin film modules. This suggests that DCR policies need to be comprehensive in scope to ensure that they achieve a goal of using only domestic content; however, policymakers should appropriately assess the welfare impacts of such restrictions. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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