Billings, MT, United States

Montana State University Billings
Billings, MT, United States

Montana State University Billings is a state university. Its main campus is located on a 110 acres in downtown Billings, Montana, United States. Formerly Eastern Montana Normal School when it was founded in 1927, it was then renamed in 1949 to Eastern Montana College before being renamed to its present name in 1994. Currently, the university offers Associate’s, Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees through the University’s five colleges. The five colleges of Montana State University Billings are Arts and science, Business, Allied Health professions, Education and City College. It has the third largest campus population in the Montana State University System.4,969 students attended MSU-B during the 2013 fall semester. Wikipedia.

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Anderson M.B.,Montana State University Billings
Geography Compass | Year: 2014

The objective of this essay is to rejuvenate interest in Marxian rent theory in urban political economy by identifying and deepening discussion of an important aspect of the contemporary neoliberal city: class monopoly rent. First introduced by David Harvey, the concept of class monopoly rent has curiously evaded in-depth scholarly inquiry and has never been substantively elaborated or examined. But the conditions through which class monopoly rents are extracted from property have since evolved. Yet, we know little about the relation between this standard institutional practice and contemporary urban landscapes, modes of governance, and processes of urban restructuring. The essay first reviews and identifies the concept of class monopoly rent as an important aspect of the urban process and discusses its limited scholarly engagement over the past four decades. It then discusses the implications of class monopoly rent in the context of current urban redevelopment policies and practices in Chicago, Illinois. It is suggested that a deeper examination of this concept could build a more robust and intricate understanding of the contemporary neoliberal city, particularly in the context of the post-2007 economic recession. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Jacobson M.D.,Montana State University Billings
Remote Sensing | Year: 2010

A nonlinear least squares fitting algorithm is used to estimate both snow depth and snow density for a snow-layer above a flat ground reflector. The product of these two quantities, snow depth and density, provides an estimate of the snow water equivalent. The input to this algorithm is a simple ray model that includes a speculary reflected signal along with a direct signal. These signals are transmitted from the global positioning system satellites at 1.57542 GHz with right-hand circularly polarization. The elevation angles of interest at the GPS receiving antenna are between 5° and 30°. The results from this nonlinear algorithm show potential for inferring snow water equivalent using GPS multipath signals. © 2010 by the authors.

Jacobson M.D.,Montana State University Billings
Advances in Space Research | Year: 2010

Speculary reflected signals from the ground can significantly affect the performance of Global Positioning System receivers. For this type of multipath condition, the received powers are primarily the sum of the speculary reflected and direct signals. These reflected signals can provide useful information about the land-surface composition. In this paper, we discuss the special case of a snow-covered frozen lake, with incident energy at 1.57542 GHz with right-hand circularly polarization at elevation angles between 2° and 40°. The relative received powers are computed and measured for various thicknesses of lake ice. The received powers for both theory and measurement have the same behavior throughout a range of elevation angles. The potential for inferring lake ice thickness is explored for a snow-covered lake ice case study. © 2009 COSPAR. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Eliason S.L.,Montana State University Billings
Human Dimensions of Wildlife | Year: 2011

Montana is a popular destination for those interested in outdoor recreation activities, including hunting and fishing. Outfitters located throughout the state provide guiding services to hunters and anglers. Empirical research on the outfitting industry in the United States is scant, and little is known about outfitter motivations, including why they entered this occupation. This study took a qualitative approach to data collection and examined outfitter motivations for choosing this line of work. Five main reasons given for becoming an outfitter included love of the outdoors and a desire to help others enjoy it, to engage in a livelihood doing something they enjoy, independence and a desire to operate their own business, to earn extra income and a poor state economy, and the family nature of the business. Findings contribute to a better understanding of what it is like being an outfitter in Montana. Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Keller S.N.,Montana State University Billings | Honea J.C.,Montana State University Billings
Global Public Health | Year: 2016

This article examines how differences in male and female views about intimate partner violence (IPV) contributed to divergent responses to a prevention campaign conducted in the western USA. The study examines focus groups (n = 22) and in-depth interview data (n = 13) collected during campaign development to shed light on quantitative results indicating that women (but not men) increased their perceived severity of domestic violence and awareness of services from pre-test to post-test, while male attitudes moved in the opposite direction. Results of the qualitative study provide the basis for the authors’ conclusions about why reactions differed: (1) men’s unwillingness to view abuse within a gender context limits men’s ability to accept the inequity in statistically demonstrated male and female roles as perpetrators and victims; (2) male resentment of existing gender stereotypes contributed to a rejection of campaign messages that utilised gender prevalence statistics to depict images showing men as perpetrators and women as victims; and (3) victim blaming attitudes contributed to resistance to empathy for victims depicted in the campaign. The authors offer suggestions for future campaigns that foster agency among both perpetrators and survivors while confronting the structural barriers to enacting change. © 2015 Taylor & Francis.

Jacobson M.D.,Montana State University Billings
Eurasip Journal on Advances in Signal Processing | Year: 2014

Snow water equivalent (SWE) measurements are necessary for the management of water supply and flood control systems in seasonal snow-covered regions. SWE measurements quantify the amount of water stored in snowpack; it can be estimated by the product of snow depth and density. In this paper, snow depth and density are estimated by a nonlinear least squares fitting algorithm. The inputs to this algorithm are global positioning system (GPS) signals and a simple GPS interferometric reflectometry model (GPS-IR) that incorporates a slightly tilted surface (GPS-IRT). The elevation angles of interest at the GPS receiving antenna are between 5° and 30°. A 1-day experiment with a snow-covered prairie grass field using GPS satellites PRN 15 and PRN 18 shows potential for inferring snow water equivalent using GPS-IRT. For this case study, the average inferred snow depth (12.4 cm) from the two satellite tracks underestimates the in situ measurements (17.6 cm ± 1.5 cm). However, the average inferred snow density (0.085 g. cm-3) from the two satellite tracks is within the in situ measurement range (0.08 g. cm-3 ± 0.02 g. cm-3). Consequently, the average inferred SWE (1.05 from the two satellite tracks is within the in situ calculation range (1.40 g. cm-2 ± 0.36 g. cm-2). These results are also compared with the GPS-IR model. © 2014 Jacobson; licensee Springer.

Eliason S.L.,Montana State University Billings
Wildlife Biology in Practice | Year: 2014

Hunting is a popular recreational activity in many rural regions of the United States. There is a need for information about individuals who hunt, including their attitudes and perceptions of the activity. The objective of this exploratory research was to identify issues affecting hunters in modern society. This study took a qualitative approach to data collection and examined hunting issues in Montana. Data were gathered from a mail survey that used open-ended questions. The survey was sent to a random sample of resident elk hunters. Responses revealed fve central concerns of hunters in Montana. These included the presence of wolves on the landscape, the commercialization of wildlife, nonresident hunters, high license prices, and motorized vehicles and the hunting experience. The fndings of this study enhance our understanding of hunting issues in contemporary society. © 2014 S.L Eliason.

Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: ROBERT NOYCE SCHOLARSHIP PGM | Award Amount: 1.20M | Year: 2013

Montana State University Billings is providing Robert Noyce scholarships and unique training for secondary science and mathematics teacher candidates to prepare them to effectively deliver content in a culturally sensitive manner for high-need and sometimes, reluctant learners. This effort is focused on providing 18 highly qualified teachers (12 undergraduates and 6 career changers) for high-need rural Montana school districts on or near American Indian reservations, where data shows low matriculation rates for STEM majors. Six undergraduates will receive schorships in year 1 and 6 in year 2. Three professionals will receive scholarships in year 1 and 3 in year 2. Using state science standards based on practices that embed inquiry-based learning pedagogy, this Noyce Scholarship Track Phase I project trains teachers to engage secondary students with methods that keep the students interested and motivated to continue STEM learning. These training methods have broad applicability to other rural situations and will develop a stronger pipeline of students from these rural schools to become STEM majors. The MSUB teacher-training program builds on six unique courses in mathematics and sciences in combination with a Noyce teacher cohort seminar that focuses on the needs of reluctant learners. Previous research suggests that students on or near American Indian reservations need greater cultural connections with STEM subjects and this program is training teachers to frame instruction in new ways to help make this connection. This is an important intellectual contribution from this project. To help ensure that the Noyce graduates succeed at the beginning of their teaching career, this project mentors them during their initial years of teaching using specially trained success coaches and continuing professional development.

A method for controlling conidial germination and mycelial growth in fungi comprising contacting a fungal cell with anti-fungal small molecules in an amount effective to reduce or inhibit conidial germination and mycelial growth. A method for controlling bark beetle infestations of pine trees comprising contacting one or more fungal cells with anti-fungal small molecules in an amount effective to reduce or inhibit conidial germination and mycelial growth. The anti-fungal small molecules are 5-(p-Bromobenzylidine)--isopropyl-4-oxo-2-thioxo-3-thiozolidineacetic acid, 2-[5-(4-chlorobenzylidene)-4-oxo-2-thioxo-1,3-thiazolidin-3-yl]-3-methylbutanoic acid, 2-[5-(4-hydroxybenzylidene)-4-oxo-2-thioxo-1,3-thiazolidin-3-yl]pentanoic acid, [5-(4-isopropylbenzylidene)-4-oxo-2-thioxo-1,3-thiazolidin-3-yl]acetic acid or 2-[5-(2-chlorobenzylidene)-4-oxo-2-thioxo-1,3-thiazolidin-3-yl]pentanoic acid. The species of the fungal cell is selected from a group that has an obligate symbiosis with the mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae) and the western pine beetle (Dendroctonus brevicomis).

Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: | Award Amount: 299.90K | Year: 2011

This Capacity Building proposal for Noyce Scholarships develops strategies for attracting majors in science and mathematics to the teacher licensure programs at Montana State University Billings (MSUB). The goal of this project is to recruit current STEM majors and help them become successful licensed teachers in Montanas high-need school districts, especially those located on or near reservation schools and suffering from high teacher turnover and sub-standard student achievement. The Capacity Building phase examines the feasibility of redesigning specific courses to make them more appropriate for teaching students in high-needs schools. The use of blended learning will be analyzed as a delivery strategy, both to facilitate learning by teacher candidates and to model innovative instructional strategies for high-needs districts. Implementation of this proposal lays the groundwork for recruiting STEM teachers to serve in high-needs school districts as indicated by high teacher turnover and sub-standard student achievement. Because retention of teachers in high-needs schools is a continuing problem, this phase also creates a network of mentor teachers to assist Noyce scholars in their induction years as teachers.

This Capacity Building proposal is leading to the development of a Phase I proposal to recruit about 15 prospective teacher candidates as Noyce scholars. The projected long-term effect of this proposal is to increase the number of qualified STEM teachers for high-needs school districts in Montana and, through induction support, improve teacher retention rates in these school districts.

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