Monsanto Company is a publicly traded American multinational agrochemical and agricultural biotechnology corporation headquartered in Creve Coeur, Greater St. Louis, Missouri. It is a leading producer of genetically engineered seed and of the herbicide glyphosate, which it markets under the Roundup brand.Founded in 1901 by John Francis Queeny, by the 1940s Monsanto was a major producer of plastics, including polystyrene and synthetic fibers. Notable achievements by Monsanto and its scientists as a chemical company included breakthrough research on catalytic asymmetric hydrogenation and being the first company to mass-produce light emitting diodes . The company also formerly manufactured controversial products such as the insecticide DDT, PCBs, Agent Orange, and recombinant bovine somatotropin .Monsanto was among the first to genetically modify a plant cell, along with three academic teams, which was announced in 1983, and was among the first to conduct field trials of genetically modified crops, which it did in 1987. It remained one of the top 10 U.S. chemical companies until it divested most of its chemical businesses between 1997 and 2002, through a process of mergers and spin-offs that focused the company on biotechnology. For its production of genetically modified crops, Monsanto's chief technology officer Robert Fraley won the World Food Prize for "breakthrough achievements in founding, developing, and applying modern agricultural biotechnology".Monsanto was a pioneer in applying the biotechnology industry business model to agriculture, using techniques developed by Genentech and other biotech drug companies in the late 1970s in California. In this business model, companies invest heavily in research and development, and recoup the expenses through the use and enforcement of biological patents. Monsanto's application of this model to agriculture, along with a growing movement to create a global, uniform system of plant breeders' rights in the 1980s, came into direct conflict with customary practices of farmers to save, reuse, share and develop plant varieties. Its seed patenting model has also been criticized as biopiracy and a threat to biodiversity. Monsanto's role in these changes in agriculture , its current and former biotechnology products, its lobbying of government agencies, and its history as a chemical company have made Monsanto controversial. Wikipedia.
Monsanto Corporation and Flamel Technologies | Date: 2015-12-11
The present invention provides guanidine compounds and salts thereof that may be useful, for example, in the preparation of herbicidal compositions. The compounds may be used, for example, to prepare N-phosphonomethylglycine guanidine salts having improved herbicidal efficacy over glyphosate alone.
Monsanto Corporation | Date: 2015-03-09
The present invention is directed to controlling nematode infestation. The invention discloses methods and compositions for use in controlling nematode infestation by providing recombinant DNA molecules to the cells of a plant in order to achieve a reduction in nematode infestation. The invention is also directed to methods for making transgenic plants that express the recombinant DNA molecule for use in protecting plants from nematode infestation.
Monsanto Corporation | Date: 2015-01-29
Monsanto Corporation | Date: 2015-09-17
The present invention provides breeding methods and compositions to enhance the germplasm of a plant by the use of direct nucleic acid sequence information. The methods describe the identification and accumulation of preferred nucleic acid sequences in the germplasm of a breeding population of plants.
Monsanto Corporation | Date: 2015-05-04
The invention overcomes the deficiencies of the art by providing a soybean plant with non-transgenic mutations conferring decreased -subunit of -conglycinin content and increased -subunit content of -conglycinin in seed. Moreover, the invention provides an agronomically elite soybean plant with non-transgenic mutations conferring a gyclinin null phenotype, increased -conglycinin content, and increased -subunit content of -conglycinin in the seed. The invention also provides derivatives, and plant parts of these plants and uses thereof. Methods for producing such plants are also provided.