St. Louis, MO, United States
St. Louis, MO, United States

Monsanto Company is a publicly traded American multinational agrochemical and agricultural biotechnology corporation headquartered in Creve Coeur, Greater St. Louis, Missouri. It is a leading producer of genetically engineered seed and of the herbicide glyphosate, which it markets under the Roundup brand.Founded in 1901 by John Francis Queeny, by the 1940s Monsanto was a major producer of plastics, including polystyrene and synthetic fibers. Notable achievements by Monsanto and its scientists as a chemical company included breakthrough research on catalytic asymmetric hydrogenation and being the first company to mass-produce light emitting diodes . The company also formerly manufactured controversial products such as the insecticide DDT, PCBs, Agent Orange, and recombinant bovine somatotropin .Monsanto was among the first to genetically modify a plant cell, along with three academic teams, which was announced in 1983, and was among the first to conduct field trials of genetically modified crops, which it did in 1987. It remained one of the top 10 U.S. chemical companies until it divested most of its chemical businesses between 1997 and 2002, through a process of mergers and spin-offs that focused the company on biotechnology. For its production of genetically modified crops, Monsanto's chief technology officer Robert Fraley won the World Food Prize for "breakthrough achievements in founding, developing, and applying modern agricultural biotechnology".Monsanto was a pioneer in applying the biotechnology industry business model to agriculture, using techniques developed by Genentech and other biotech drug companies in the late 1970s in California. In this business model, companies invest heavily in research and development, and recoup the expenses through the use and enforcement of biological patents. Monsanto's application of this model to agriculture, along with a growing movement to create a global, uniform system of plant breeders' rights in the 1980s, came into direct conflict with customary practices of farmers to save, reuse, share and develop plant varieties. Its seed patenting model has also been criticized as biopiracy and a threat to biodiversity. Monsanto's role in these changes in agriculture , its current and former biotechnology products, its lobbying of government agencies, and its history as a chemical company have made Monsanto controversial. Wikipedia.


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This invention relates to the preparation of N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine (glyphosate) from N-(phosphonomethyl)iminodiacetic acid (PMIDA), and more particularly to a method for control of the conversion of PMIDA, for the identification of reaction end points relating to PMIDA conversion and the preparation of glyphosate products having controlled PMIDA content whereby the generation of carbon dioxide in the reaction zone is monitored.


Patent
Monsanto Corporation | Date: 2017-05-03

An automated object sorting system 10 is provided. In various embodiments, the automated object sorting system 10 includes an automated object extraction assembly 12 and an automated object collection assembly 18. The automated object extraction assembly 12 extracts one or more objects from an object sorting tray 32 based on one or more attributes and/or traits of interest. The automated collection assembly 18 selectively deposits the extracted objects in selected collection receptacles 61A according to the particular attributes and/or traits of each respective object.


Transfection of plant cells with dsRNA through foliar application encounters cuticle, cell wall and plasmalemma three major barriers. We developed cationic polymer and sugar based formulations and protocols that can effectively deliver dsRNA into plant cells resulted in gene silencing. This disclosure covers the novel methods to deliver dsRNA into plant suspension cells with one step treatment and plant foliar cells with one step topical application.


Oil compositions derived from transgenic soybeans having a high concentration of oleic acid are described for use in various applications including use to enhance the low temperature pour characteristics of engine fluids. Such oil compositions are useful as lubricants, rail curve grease and engine penetrants.


Patent
Monsanto Corporation | Date: 2017-01-25

The invention provides recombinant DNA molecules that are unique to the maize MON 87419 event and transgenic maize plants, plant parts, seeds, cells, and agricultural products containing the MON 87419 event as well as methods of using and detecting the maize MON 87419 event. Transgenic maize plants containing the MON 87419 event exhibit tolerance to dicamba and glufosinate herbicides.


Patent
Monsanto Corporation | Date: 2017-03-08

Provided herein are delivery methods of a plant treatment agent to a tissue of a plant, wherein the tissue is contacted with a plant treatment agent and delivery is aided by a centrifugal force applied to the plant. Disclosed herein is the discovery that drastic improvements in treatment delivery occur when plants are centrifuged after being contacted, submerged, unsubmerged, soaked, etc. in a solution containing a plant treatment agent. In one embodiment, haploid plants contacted with a colchicine solution are centrifuged to reveal improved chromosomal doubling rates as compared to control plants.


Patent
Monsanto Corporation | Date: 2017-01-11

The present invention provides a transgenic soybean event MON87705, and cells, seeds, and plants comprising DNA diagnostic for the soybean event. The invention also provides compositions comprising nucleotide sequences that are diagnostic for said soybean event in a sample, methods for detecting the presence of said soybean event nucleotide sequences in a sample, probes and primers for use in detecting nucleotide sequences that are diagnostic for the presence of said soybean event in a sample, growing the seeds of such soybean event into soybean plants, and breeding to produce soybean plants comprising DNA diagnostic for the soybean event.


Patent
Monsanto Corporation | Date: 2016-08-05

Pesticidal proteins exhibiting toxic activity against Coleopteran and Lepidopteran pest species are disclosed, and include, but are not limited to, TIC2421 TIC3008, and TIC7055. DNA constructs are provided which contain a recombinant nucleic acid sequence encoding one or more of the disclosed pesticidal proteins. Transgenic plants, plant cells, seed, and plant parts resistant to Lepidopteran and Coleopteran infestation are provided which contain recombinant nucleic acid sequences encoding the pesticidal proteins of the present invention. Methods for detecting the presence of the recombinant nucleic acid sequences or the proteins of the present invention in a biological sample, and methods of controlling Coleopteran and Lepidopteran species pests using any of the TIC2421, TIC3008, and TIC7055 pesticidal proteins are also provided.


Patent
Monsanto Corporation | Date: 2016-12-28

Herbicidal concentrate compositions containing a combination of herbicides are provided. In particular, the present invention relates to aqueous herbicidal concentrate compositions containing a particulate encapsulated acetanilide herbicide and a protoporphyrinogen oxidase inhibitor (PPO inhibitor).


Patent
Monsanto Corporation | Date: 2017-01-25

Compositions and methods for controlling nematodes are described herein, e.g., nematodes that infest plants or animals. The compounds include oxazoles, oxadiazoles and thiadiazoles.

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