Monsanto Company is a publicly traded American multinational agrochemical and agricultural biotechnology corporation headquartered in Creve Coeur, Greater St. Louis, Missouri. It is a leading producer of genetically engineered seed and of the herbicide glyphosate, which it markets under the Roundup brand.Founded in 1901 by John Francis Queeny, by the 1940s Monsanto was a major producer of plastics, including polystyrene and synthetic fibers. Notable achievements by Monsanto and its scientists as a chemical company included breakthrough research on catalytic asymmetric hydrogenation and being the first company to mass-produce light emitting diodes . The company also formerly manufactured controversial products such as the insecticide DDT, PCBs, Agent Orange, and recombinant bovine somatotropin .Monsanto was among the first to genetically modify a plant cell, along with three academic teams, which was announced in 1983, and was among the first to conduct field trials of genetically modified crops, which it did in 1987. It remained one of the top 10 U.S. chemical companies until it divested most of its chemical businesses between 1997 and 2002, through a process of mergers and spin-offs that focused the company on biotechnology. For its production of genetically modified crops, Monsanto's chief technology officer Robert Fraley won the World Food Prize for "breakthrough achievements in founding, developing, and applying modern agricultural biotechnology".Monsanto was a pioneer in applying the biotechnology industry business model to agriculture, using techniques developed by Genentech and other biotech drug companies in the late 1970s in California. In this business model, companies invest heavily in research and development, and recoup the expenses through the use and enforcement of biological patents. Monsanto's application of this model to agriculture, along with a growing movement to create a global, uniform system of plant breeders' rights in the 1980s, came into direct conflict with customary practices of farmers to save, reuse, share and develop plant varieties. Its seed patenting model has also been criticized as biopiracy and a threat to biodiversity. Monsanto's role in these changes in agriculture , its current and former biotechnology products, its lobbying of government agencies, and its history as a chemical company have made Monsanto controversial. Wikipedia.
Monsanto Corporation | Date: 2016-08-05
Pesticidal proteins exhibiting toxic activity against Coleopteran and Lepidopteran pest species are disclosed, and include, but are not limited to, TIC2421 TIC3008, and TIC7055. DNA constructs are provided which contain a recombinant nucleic acid sequence encoding one or more of the disclosed pesticidal proteins. Transgenic plants, plant cells, seed, and plant parts resistant to Lepidopteran and Coleopteran infestation are provided which contain recombinant nucleic acid sequences encoding the pesticidal proteins of the present invention. Methods for detecting the presence of the recombinant nucleic acid sequences or the proteins of the present invention in a biological sample, and methods of controlling Coleopteran and Lepidopteran species pests using any of the TIC2421, TIC3008, and TIC7055 pesticidal proteins are also provided.
Monsanto Corporation | Date: 2017-03-22
The invention provides transgenic maize event MON 87427 and plants, plant cells, seeds, plant parts, and commodity products derived from event MON 87427. The invention also provides nucleotides specific for transgenic maize event MON 87427 and plants, plant cells, seeds, plant parts, and commodity products comprising nucleotides specific for transgenic maize event MON 87427. The invention also provides methods related to transgenic maize event MON 87427 and to the Roundup^() Hybridization System (RHS). The invention also provides a Relative Development Scale useful for monitoring and determining reproductive development in maize that reconciles developmental differences across various maize varieties. This is useful for determining the optimal timing of a treatment regimen in which tassel development stage is an important factor, including various methods in making hybrid seed.
Monsanto Corporation | Date: 2017-02-08
The invention provides a transgenic soybean event MON 87708 plant and plants, plant cells, seeds, plant parts, and commodity products derived from event MON 87708. The invention also provides polynucleotides specific for event MON 87708 and plants, plant cells, seeds, plant parts, and commodity products comprising polynucleotides specific for event MON 87708. The invention also provides methods related to event MON 87708.
Monsanto Corporation | Date: 2017-02-22
Methods for obtaining soybean plants that produce seed with low linolenic acid levels and moderately increased oleic levels are disclosed. Also disclosed are methods for producing seed with low linolenic acid levels, moderately increased oleic levels and low saturated fatty acid levels. These methods entail the combination of transgenes that provide moderate oleic acid levels with soybean germplasm that contains mutations in soybean genes that confer low linolenic acid phenotypes. These methods also entail entail the combination of transgenes that provide both moderate oleic acid levels and low saturated fat levels with soybean germplasm that contains mutations in soybean genes that confer low linolenic acid phenotypes. Soybean plants and seeds produced by these methods are also disclosed.
Monsanto Corporation | Date: 2017-04-26
This invention relates to the preparation of N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine (glyphosate) from N-(phosphonomethyl)iminodiacetic acid (PMIDA), and more particularly to a method for control of the conversion of PMIDA, for the identification of reaction end points relating to PMIDA conversion and the preparation of glyphosate products having controlled PMIDA content whereby the generation of carbon dioxide in the reaction zone is monitored.
Monsanto Corporation | Date: 2017-05-03
An automated object sorting system 10 is provided. In various embodiments, the automated object sorting system 10 includes an automated object extraction assembly 12 and an automated object collection assembly 18. The automated object extraction assembly 12 extracts one or more objects from an object sorting tray 32 based on one or more attributes and/or traits of interest. The automated collection assembly 18 selectively deposits the extracted objects in selected collection receptacles 61A according to the particular attributes and/or traits of each respective object.
Monsanto Corporation | Date: 2017-01-11
The present invention provides a transgenic soybean event MON87705, and cells, seeds, and plants comprising DNA diagnostic for the soybean event. The invention also provides compositions comprising nucleotide sequences that are diagnostic for said soybean event in a sample, methods for detecting the presence of said soybean event nucleotide sequences in a sample, probes and primers for use in detecting nucleotide sequences that are diagnostic for the presence of said soybean event in a sample, growing the seeds of such soybean event into soybean plants, and breeding to produce soybean plants comprising DNA diagnostic for the soybean event.
Monsanto Corporation | Date: 2017-03-08
Provided herein are delivery methods of a plant treatment agent to a tissue of a plant, wherein the tissue is contacted with a plant treatment agent and delivery is aided by a centrifugal force applied to the plant. Disclosed herein is the discovery that drastic improvements in treatment delivery occur when plants are centrifuged after being contacted, submerged, unsubmerged, soaked, etc. in a solution containing a plant treatment agent. In one embodiment, haploid plants contacted with a colchicine solution are centrifuged to reveal improved chromosomal doubling rates as compared to control plants.
Monsanto Corporation | Date: 2017-03-15
Oil compositions derived from transgenic soybeans having a high concentration of oleic acid are described for use in various applications including use to enhance the low temperature pour characteristics of engine fluids. Such oil compositions are useful as lubricants, rail curve grease and engine penetrants.
Monsanto Corporation | Date: 2017-04-12
The present invention relates to a method of producing improved meat products by increased incorporation of healthy fats containing beneficial fatty acids such as stearidonic acid (SDA). The finished meat product has improved health benefits for the consumer.