South San Francisco, CA, United States
South San Francisco, CA, United States

Monogram Biosciences Inc. , a wholly owned subsidiary of LabCorp, is an international biotechnology laboratory located in South San Francisco, California, USA. Monogram develops and markets assays to help guide and improve the treatment of infectious diseases and cancer. Virologic was founded in 1996 by Daniel Capon, Ph.D., Martin Goldstein and Robert S. Capon. The company went public in 2000.Monogram was acquired by Laboratory Corporation of America in June 2009. Wikipedia.


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The invention provides a method for determining whether a human immunodeficiency virus is likely to be have enhanced ability to enter a cell expressing CD4 and CXCR4 relative to a reference HIV. In certain aspects, the methods comprise detecting one or more amino acids in an envelope protein of the HIV associated with enhanced ability to enter CD4- and CXCR4-expressing cells and determining that the HIVs ability to enter such cells is enhanced relative to a reference HIV, e.g., an HIV that does not comprise such amino acid(s).


Patent
International Aids Vaccine Initiative, Monogram Biosciences, Caulfield, Hoffenberg, King Fahd University of Petroleum, Minerals, Petropoulos, Phogat, Wagner and Wrin | Date: 2015-03-18

The present application relates to identifying one or more components of HIV envelope glycoprotein which bind to broadly neutralizing antibodies, which may be utilized as research tools for developing HIV-1 vaccine immunogens, antigens for crystallization and/or for identifying of broad neutralizing antibodies.


The invention provides a method for determining whether a human immunodeficiency virus is resistance to a viral entry inhibitor. The methods are particularly useful for determining resistance to inhibitors that act by a non-competitive mechanism. In certain aspects, the methods comprise determining whether an HIV population is resistant to an HIV entry inhibitor, comprising determining a log-sigmoid inhibition curve comprising data points for entry of the HIV population in the presence of varying concentrations of the HIV entry inhibitor, wherein if the entry of the HIV population cannot be completely inhibited by the HIV entry inhibitor, the HIV population is resistant to the HIV entry inhibitor.


Patent
Monogram Biosciences | Date: 2015-08-14

Methods, compositions and kits are disclosed for determining one or more target polypeptides in a sample where the target polypeptides have undergone a post-translational modification. A mixture comprising the sample and a first reagent comprising a cleavage-inducing moiety and a first binding agent for a binding site on a target polypeptide is subjected to conditions under which binding of respective binding moieties occurs. The binding site is the result of post-translational modification activity involving the target polypeptide. The method may be employed to determine the target polypeptide itself. In another embodiment the presence and/or amount of the target polypeptide is related to the presence and/or amount and/or activity of an agent such as an enzyme involved in the post-translational modification of the target polypeptide. The interaction between the first binding agent and the binding site brings the cleavage-inducing moiety into close proximity to a cleavable moiety, which is associated with the polypeptide and is susceptible to cleavage only when in proximity to the cleavage-inducing moiety. In this way, an electrophoretic tag for each of the polypeptides may be released. Released electrophoretic tags are separated and the presence and/or amount of the target polypeptides are determined based on the corresponding electrophoretic tags.


This invention relates to methods for determining hypersusceptibility of HIV-1 viruses to non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) based on the viral genotypes. The methods generally comprise detecting, in a gene encoding reverse transcriptase of the HIV-1, the presence of a mutation at codon 65, 69, or 74 alone or in combination with one or more mutations at certain other codons. Combinations of mutations associated with hypersusceptibility to NNRTIs are also disclosed.


The invention provides a method for identifying whether a compound inhibits entry of a virus into a cell which comprises: (a) obtaining nucleic acid encoding a viral envelope protein from a patient infected by the virus; (b) co-transfecting into a first cell (i) the nucleic acid of step (a), and (ii) a viral expression vector which lacks a nucleic acid encoding an envelope protein, and which comprises an indicator nucleic acid which produces a detectable singal, such that the first cell produces viral particles comprising the envelope protein encoded by the nucleic acid obtained from the patient; (c) contacting the viral particles produced in step (b) with a second cell in the presence of the compound, wherein the second cell expresses a cell surface receptor to which the virus binds; (d) measuring the amount of signal produced by the second cell in order to determine the infectivity of the viral particles; and (e) comparing the amount of signal measured in step (d) with the amount of signal produced in the absence of the compound, wherein a reduced amount of signal measured in the presence of the compound indicates that the compound inhibits entry of the virus into the second cell.


This invention relates to methods for determining resistance of HIV-1 viruses to protease inhibitors (PIs) based on the viral genotypes. The methods generally comprise detecting, in a gene encoding protease of the HIV-1, the presence of a mutation in at least one of codon 22, 69, 74, or 83 alone or in combination with one or more mutations at certain other codons, or, in a gene encoding gag of the HIV-1, the presence of a mutation in at least one of codon 418 or 482 alone or in combination with one or more mutations at certain other codons. Combinations of mutations associated with resistance to PIs are also disclosed.


Patent
Monogram Biosciences | Date: 2014-12-03

The present invention provides a method for identifying whether a compound inhibits entry of a virus into a cell which comprises: (a) obtaining nucleic acid encoding a viral envelope protein from a patient infected by the virus; (b) co-transfecting into a first cell (i) the nucleic acid of step (a), and (ii) a viral expression vector which lacks a nucleic acid encoding an envelope protein, and which comprises an indicator nucleic acid which produces a detectable signal, such that the first cell produces viral particles comprising the envelope protein encoded by the nucleic acid obtained from the patient; (c) contacting the viral particles produced in step (b) with a second cell in the presence of the compound, wherein the second cell expresses a cell surface receptor to which the virus binds; (d) measuring the amount of signal produced by the second cell in order to determine the infectivity of the viral particles; and (e) comparing the amount of signal measured in step (d) with the amount of signal produced in the absence of the compound, wherein a reduced amount of signal measured in the presence of the compound indicates that the compound inhibits entry of the virus into the second cell.


Provided are methods for identifying whether a compound inhibits entry of a virus into a cell. The method may include obtaining nucleic acid encoding a viral envelope protein from a patient infected by the virus and co-transfecting it into a first cell along with a viral expression vector which lacks a nucleic acid encoding the envelope protein. The method may further include contacting the viral particles produced by the first cell with a second cell to which the virus binds in the absence and presence of the compound and measuring the amount of signal produced by the second cell.


The invention provides a method for identifying whether a compound inhibits entry of a virus into a cell which comprises: (a) obtaining nucleic acid encoding a viral envelope protein from a patient infected by the virus; (b) co-transfecting into a first cell (i) the nucleic acid of step (a), and (ii) a viral expression vector which lacks a nucleic acid encoding an envelope protein, and which comprises an indicator nucleic acid which produces a detectable singal, such that the first cell produces viral particles comprising the envelope protein encoded by the nucleic acid obtained from the patient; (c) contacting the viral particles produced in step (b) with a second cell in the presence of the compound, wherein the second cell expresses a cell surface receptor to which the virus binds; (d) measuring the amount of signal produced by the second cell in order to determine the infectivity of the viral particles; and (e) comparing the amount of signal measured in step (d) with the amount of signal produced in the absence of the compound, wherein a reduced amount of signal measured in the presence of the compound indicates that the compound inhibits entry of the virus into the second cell.

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