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Kaneko D.,Monitor Inc. | Yang P.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Yeh P.J.-F.,University of Tokyo | Kumakura T.,Nagaoka University of Technology
Ecological Informatics | Year: 2010

Remote sensing technologies have been advanced continuously to a certain level for multi-scale applications to ease social and political concerns resulting from food security. In this study, an integrated monitoring, sensing and modeling system for estimating CO2 fixation and grain yields using a photosynthetic sterility model was developed. Input data for model computation include observed meteorological data, numerical prediction reanalysis data, and satellite data such as solar radiation, land-cover and Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) on a continental scale. Model validation requires crop yields and the Crop Situation Index (CSI) was provided by the Japanese government. It also demonstrates the application potential of this system to grain fields of paddy rice, winter wheat, and maize in Southeast Asia. The carbon hydrate in grains has the same chemical formula as that of cellulose in grain vegetation. The partition of sequestered CO2 into grain, straw, and root portions of plant biomass weight was computed. The present photosynthesis model was evaluated using the mass of carbon included in the harvested grains of provincial crop production. Results indicate that the proposed system successfully estimates the photosynthesis fixation of rice reasonably well in Japan and China through the analysis of carbon in grains. However, the model tends to underestimate the photosynthesis rates for winter wheat and maize. The parameterization of radiation response function and the temperature response functions for low-temperature sterility need to be improved in the future. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. Source

Kaneko D.,Monitor Inc. | Yang P.,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Kumakura T.,Nagaoka University of Technology
Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering | Year: 2010

Sustainability of world crop production and food security has become uncertain. The authors have developed an environmental research system called Remote Sensing Environmental Monitor (RSEM) for treating carbon sequestration by vegetation, grain production, desertification of Eurasian grassland, and CDM afforestation/ reforestation to a background of climate change and economic growth in rising Asian nations. The RSEM system involves vegetation photosynthesis and crop yield models for grains, including land-use classification, stomatal evaluation by surface energy fluxes, and daily monitoring for early warning. This paper presents a validation method for RSEM based on carbon partitioning in plants, focusing in particular on the effects of area sizes used in crop production statistics on carbon fixation and on sterility-based corrections to accumulated carbon sequestration values simulated using the RSEM photosynthesis model. The carbonhydrate in grains has the same chemical formula as cellulose in grain plants. The method proposed by partitioning the fixed carbon in harvested grains was used to investigate estimates of the amounts of carbon fixed, using the satellite-based RSEM model. © 2010 Copyright SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Source

Cao X.J.,University of Minnesota | Xu Z.,Monitor Inc. | Douma F.,University of Minnesota
Transportation | Year: 2012

As the proliferation of e-commerce leads to ever greater numbers of on-line transactions, transportation planners are interested in the impacts of e-shopping on our strained transportation systems. Although the substitution effect of e-shopping is appealing, previous studies provided mixed results on its impact. Using 539 adult internet users in the Minneapolis-St Paul metropolitan area, this study applied a structural equations model to investigate the interactions among online purchases, in-store shopping, and product information search via internet. We found that online searching frequency has positive impacts on both online and in-store shopping frequencies and online buying positively affects in-store shopping. In particular, the marginal effects of online-buying frequency and online-searching frequency on in-store shopping frequency were estimated at 0.153 and 0.189, respectively. Since the internet as a shopping channel tends to have a complementary effect on in-store shopping, the rise of e-shopping is not likely to be a solution but a challenge to travel reduction. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source

Kaneko D.,Monitor Inc.
Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering | Year: 2013

The author regards fundamental root functions as underpinning photosynthesis activities by vegetation and as affecting environmental issues, grain production, and desertification. This paper describes the present development of monitoring and near real-time forecasting of environmental projects and crop production by approaching established operational monitoring step-by-step. The author has been developing a thematic monitoring structure (named RSEM system) which stands on satellite-based photosynthesis models over several continents for operational supports in environmental fields mentioned above. Validation methods stand not on FLUXNET but on carbon partitioning validation (CPV). The models demand continuing parameterization. The entire frame system has been built using Reanalysis meteorological data, but model accuracy remains insufficient except for that of paddy rice. The author shall accomplish the system that incorporates global environmental forces. Regarding crop production applications, industrialization in developing countries achieved through direct investment by economically developed nations raises their income, resulting in increased food demand. Last year, China began to import rice as it had in the past with grains of maize, wheat, and soybeans. Important agro-potential countries make efforts to cultivate new crop lands in South America, Africa, and Eastern Europe. Trends toward less food sustainability and stability are continuing, with exacerbation by rapid social and climate changes. Operational monitoring of carbon sequestration by herbaceous and bore plants converges with efforts at bio-energy, crop production monitoring, and socio-environmental projects such as CDM A/R, combating desertification, and bio-diversity. © 2013 SPIE. Source

Monitor Inc. and Monitor Closely.com LLC | Date: 2009-10-20

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