Philadelphia, PA, United States
Philadelphia, PA, United States

Time filter

Source Type

Patent
Symrise AG and Monell Chemical Senses Center | Date: 2013-04-17

Deodorant compositions are disclosed comprising a cross-adapting agent, alone or in combination with other such agents, in an amount effective to reduce perception of malodor. Deodorant compositions are also disclosed comprising a cross-adapting agent, alone or in combination with other such agents, in an amount effective to reduce perception of gender-specific malodor. The methods feature reducing perceived body odor comprising administering a deodorant composition wherein the composition comprises an amount of cross-adapting agent effective to reduce perception of such odor. Other methods feature blocking perceived body odor comprising administering a deodorant composition wherein the composition comprises an amount of cross-adapting agent effective to occupy an odorant receptor site, thereby blocking interaction of the site with other odorants. Methods of making deodorant compositions are also provided wherein a cross-adapting agent, alone or in combination with other such agents, are included in an amount effective to reduce perception of malodor.


Mennella J.A.,Monell Chemical Senses Center
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Year: 2014

Health initiatives address childhood obesity in part by encouraging good nutrition early in life. This review highlights the science that shows that children naturally prefer higher levels of sweet and salty tastes and reject lower levels of bitter tastes than do adults. Thus, their basic biology does not predispose them to favor the recommended low-sugar, low-sodium, vegetable-rich diets and makes them especially vulnerable to our current food environment of foods high in salt and refined sugars. The good news is that sensory experiences, beginning early in life, can shape preferences. Mothers who consume diets rich in healthy foods can get children off to a good start because flavors are transmitted from the maternal diet to amniotic fluid and mother's milk, and breastfed infants are more accepting of these flavors. In contrast, infants fed formula learn to prefer its unique flavor profile and may have more difficulty initially accepting flavors not found in formula, such as those of fruit and vegetables. Regardless of early feeding mode, infants can learn through repeated exposure and dietary variety if caregivers focus on the child's willingness to consume a food and not just the facial expressions made during feeding. In addition, providing complementary foods low in salt and sugars may help protect the developing child from excess intake later in life. Early-life experiences with healthy tastes and flavors may go a long way toward promoting healthy eating, which could have a significant impact in addressing the many chronic illnesses associated with poor food choice. © 2014 American Society for Nutrition.


Reisert J.,Monell Chemical Senses Center
Journal of General Physiology | Year: 2010

Mammalian odorant receptors form a large, diverse group of G protein-coupled receptors that determine the sensitivity and response profile of olfactory receptor neurons. But little is known if odorant receptors control basal and also stimulus-induced cellular properties of olfactory receptor neurons other than ligand specificity. This study demonstrates that different odorant receptors have varying degrees of basal activity, which drives concomitant receptor current fluctuations and basal action potential firing. This basal activity can be suppressed by odorants functioning as inverse agonists. Furthermore, odorant-stimulated olfactory receptor neurons expressing different odorant receptors can have strikingly different response patterns in the later phases of prolonged stimulation. Thus, the influence of odorant receptor choice on response characteristics is much more complex than previously thought, which has important consequences on odor coding and odor information transfer to the brain. © 2010 Reisert.


Dalton P.,Monell Chemical Senses Center
Neurology | Year: 2013

The human olfactory system provides us with information about our environment that is critical to our physical and psychological well-being. Individuals can vary widely in their ability to detect, recognize, and identify odors, but still be within the range of normal function. Although several standardized tests of odor identification are available, few specifically address the issues in testing very young children, most of whom are likely to be unfamiliar with many of the odor stimuli used in adult tests and have limited ability to read and identify labels to select among choices. Based on the format of the San Diego Odor Identification Test and the delivery system of the University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test, we developed 2 versions of an odor identification test using standardized odor stimuli in a scratch-and-sniff format in which participants match 5 (children) or 9 (adults) odors to pictures representing the odor source. Results from normative testing and validation showed that for most participants, the test could be completed in 5 minutes or less and that the poorer performance among the youngest children and the elderly was consistent with data from tests with larger numbers of items. Expanding on the pediatric version of the test with adult-specific and public health-relevant odors increased the ecological validity of the test and facilitated comparisons of intraindividual performance across developmental stages.


Teff K.L.,Monell Chemical Senses Center
Physiology and Behavior | Year: 2011

Learned anticipatory and compensatory responses allow the animal and human to maintain metabolic homeostasis during periods of nutritional challenges, either acutely within each meal or chronically during periods of overnutrition. This paper discusses the role of neurally-mediated anticipatory responses in humans and their role in glucoregulation, focusing on cephalic phase insulin and pancreatic polypeptide release as well as compensatory insulin release during the etiology of insulin resistance. The necessary stimuli required to elicit CPIR and vagal activation are discussed and the role of CPIR and vagal efferent activation in intra-meal metabolic homeostasis and during chronic nutritional challenges are reviewed. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.


Patent
Monell Chemical Senses Center | Date: 2014-12-15

Described herein are mammalian taste papillae cells, cell lines, and cell membranes, methods, and kits for identifying agents, including ligands for olfactory receptors and enhancers and blockers thereof, that bind to or modulate the activity of olfactory receptors on mammalian taste papillae cells.


Patent
Monell Chemical Senses Center | Date: 2013-04-10

Methods and compositions for modifying fertility and/or spermatogenesis or spermiogenesis in a male mammalian subject involve administering to the subject or contacting the subjects testis cells, germ cells or sperm with a composition that modifies the activation, nucleic acid expression, protein expression, signaling or activity of one or more T1R3 receptors or an intermediate in the signaling pathways thereof in the subjects testis cells or germ cells. In another embodiment, the method further involves administering to the subject or contacting the subjects testis cells, germ cells or sperm with a composition that modifies the activation, nucleic acid expression, protein expression, signaling or activity of G--gustducin, or an intermediate in the signaling pathways thereof. Methods for screening a test molecule for its effect on spermatogenesis or spermiogenesis or fertility and compositions for modifying spermatogenesis or spermiogenesis or fertility in a mammalian subject, e.g., contraceptive products, are provided.


Patent
Monell Chemical Senses Center | Date: 2013-10-01

Methods for identifying modulators of the epithelial sodium ion channel and for identifying modulators of salty taste perception are described. Also featured are isolated human salty taste receptors, artificial lipid bilayers comprising an epithelial sodium ion channels, and kits for practicing the claimed methods.


Patent
Monell Chemical Senses Center | Date: 2013-02-13

Methods for identifying modulators of the epithelial sodium ion channel and for identifying modulators of salty taste perception are described. Also featured are isolated human salty taste receptors, artificial lipid bilayers comprising an epithelial sodium ion channels, and kits for practicing the claimed methods.


Li Y.,Monell Chemical Senses Center
American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism | Year: 2013

Sweet taste receptor subunits and α-gustducin found in enteroendocrine cells of the small intestine have been implicated in release of the incretin hormones glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) in response to glucose and noncaloric sweeteners. α-Gustducin has also been found in colon, although its function there is unclear. We examined expression of α-gustducin, GLP-1, and GIP throughout the intestine. The number of α-gustducin-expressing cells and those coexpressing α-gustducin together with GLP-1 and/or GIP increased from small intestine to colon. α-Gustducin also was coexpressed with fatty acid G protein-coupled receptor (GPR) 40, GPR41, GPR43, GPR119, GPR120, and bile acid G protein-coupled receptor TGR5 in enteroendocrine cells of the colon. In colon, GPR43 was coexpressed with GPR119 and GPR120, but not with TGR5. Treatment of colonic mucosa isolated from wild-type mice with acetate, butyrate, oleic acid, oleoylethanolamide, or lithocholic acid stimulated GLP-1 secretion. However, GLP-1 release in response to these fatty acids was impaired in colonic tissue from α-gustducin knockout mice.

Loading Monell Chemical Senses Center collaborators
Loading Monell Chemical Senses Center collaborators