Melbourne, Australia
Melbourne, Australia

Monash University is a university based in Melbourne, Australia. It was founded in 1958 and is the second oldest university in the State of Victoria. Monash is a member of Australia's Group of Eight and the ASAIHL, and is the only Australian member of the influential M8 Alliance of Academic Health Centers, Universities and National Academies.Monash enrolls approximately 45,000 undergraduate and 17,000 graduate students, making it the university with the largest student body in Australia. It also has more applicants than any university in the state of Victoria.Monash is home to major research facilities, including the Australian Synchrotron, the Monash Science Technology Research and Innovation Precinct , the Australian Stem Cell Centre, 100 research centres and 17 co-operative research centres. In 2011, its total revenue was over $1.5 billion, with external research income around $282 million.The university has seven campuses, five of which are in Victoria , one in Malaysia, and one in South Africa. Monash also has a research and teaching centre in Prato, Italy, a graduate research school in Mumbai, India and a graduate school in Jiangsu Province, China. Since December 2011, Monash has had a global alliance with the University of Warwick in the United Kingdom.The Clayton campus contains the Robert Blackwood Hall, named after the university's founding Chancellor Sir Robert Blackwood and designed by Sir Roy Grounds, which boasts superb acoustics and is considered Melbourne's best music venue outside the CBD.In 2014, the University ceded its Gippsland campus to Federation University. Wikipedia.

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Monash University | Date: 2015-03-23

A visual image processing method is based on received spatial field information (302) from a spatial field sensor (116). A data store (804) is accessed, which contains a sensor map data structure (206) comprising a set of predefined regions (208) within a spatial field corresponding with the information received via the sensor input. Each predefined region is associated in the data structure with one or more of a set of stimuli (204) applicable to a biological visual system, and each stimulus corresponds with a visual percept (210). The spatial field information associated with each region is processed to generate stimulus control information which is applied to select, from within the sensor map data structure, stimuli from the set of stimuli for application to the biological visual system. Output stimulus signals (310) are generated, which are suitable for application to the biological visual system based upon the selected stimuli. Flexible mappings are thus provided between visual percepts, stimuli which may be applied (e.g. via a prosthetic implant) in order to generate the percepts, and associations between those stimuli and regions of the spatial field corresponding with the visual percepts.

Monash University | Date: 2015-03-17

A method for the preparation of a cohesive non-porous perovskite layer on a substrate (104) comprising: forming a thin film of a solution containing a perovskite material dissolved in a solvent onto the substrate to form a liquid film (104) of the solution on the substrate, applying a crystallisation agent (112) to a surface of the film to precipitate perovskite crystals from the 5 solution to form the cohesive non-porous perovskite layer (116) on the substrate.

Monash University | Date: 2017-01-18

A gas permeable or breathable electrode and method of manufacture thereof. In one example there is an electrolytic cell having an electrode comprising a porous material, wherein gas produced at the electrode diffuses out of the cell via the porous material. In operation the gas is produced at the at least one electrode without substantial bubble formation. In another example there is an electrode having a porous conducting material with a hydrophobic layer or coating applied to a side of the porous conducting material. A catalyst may be applied to another side. The gas permeable or breathable electrode can be used in an electrolytic cell, electrochemical cell, battery and/or fuel cell. Gas produced at the electrode diffuses out of a cell via at least part of the electrode, separating the gas from the reaction at the electrode.

A method for the preparation of a cohesive non-porous perovskite layer on a substrate (104) comprising: forming a thin film of a solution containing a perovskite material dissolved in a solvent onto the substrate to form a liquid film (104) of the solution on the substrate, applying a crystallisation agent (112) to a surface of the film to precipitate perovskite crystals from the 5 solution to form the cohesive non-porous perovskite layer (116) on the substrate.

Monaghan J.J.,Monash University
Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics | Year: 2011

This review focuses on the applications of smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) to incompressible or nearly incompressible flow. In the past 17 years, the range of applications has increased as researchers have realized the ability of SPH algorithms to handle complex physical problems. These include the disruption of free surfaces when a wave hits a rocky beach, multifluid problems that may involve the motion of rigid and elastic bodies, non-Newtonian fluids, virtual surgery, and chemical precipitation from fluids moving through fractured media. SPH provides a fascinating tool that has some of the properties of molecular dynamics while retaining the attributes of the macroscopic equations of continuum mechanics.

Yao J.,Monash University | Wang H.,Monash University
Chemical Society Reviews | Year: 2014

Zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIFs), a subclass of metal organic frameworks, are built of tetrahedral metal ions bridged by imidazolates. They have permanent porosity and relatively high thermal and chemical stability, which make them attractive candidates for many industrial applications. In recent years, significant progress has been made in developing ZIFs into membranes and thin films for gas separation, liquid separation (pervaporation) and functional devices. Various techniques, such as direct synthesis, secondary synthesis, reactive seeding and functional chemicals as linkers, and contra-diffusion synthesis, have been reported for the fabrication of ZIF membranes and films. As ZIFs have good compatibility with polymers, they have been incorporated into polymers with high loadings to form mixed matrix membranes. The resulting symmetric dense or asymmetric composite membranes exhibit good performance in gas separation and liquid separation via pervaporation. The recent developments of ZIF membranes/films, ZIF-polymer mixed matrix membranes and their applications are reviewed in this article. © 2014 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Andrews Z.B.,Monash University
Trends in Neurosciences | Year: 2011

Ghrelin is a peptide hormone produced and secreted in the stomach. Numerous studies over the past decade demonstrate its importance in food intake, body-weight regulation and glucose homeostasis. These effects are driven largely by the high expression of the ghrelin receptor (GHSR1a) in the hypothalamus. However, GHSR1a is also expressed in numerous extra-hypothalamic neuronal populations, suggesting that ghrelin has physiological functions besides those involved in metabolic functions. In this review, I focus on increasing evidence that ghrelin has important roles in extra-hypothalamic functions, including learning and memory, reward and motivation, anxiety and depression, and neuroprotection. Furthermore, I discuss how the recently demonstrated role of ghrelin in promoting survival during periods of caloric restriction could contribute to its inherent neuroprotective and neuromodulatory properties. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

McNeill C.R.,Monash University
Energy and Environmental Science | Year: 2012

The blending of two semiconducting polymers with offset energy levels enables efficient charge generation in thin-film 'all-polymer' solar cells. A key requirement for efficient charge separation and collection is the formation of interconnected phase-separated domains structured on the sub-20 nm length-scale. This review provides an overview of recent advances in the characterisation of conjugated polymer blend nanostructure and developments in the linking of blend structure and device performance. This review also provides a general introduction to the polymer physics behind phase separation, experimental techniques used for characterising blend structure and novel ways to control nanomorphology. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2012.

Thrombosis promotes leukocyte infiltration into inflamed tissues, leading to organ injury in a broad range of diseases; however, the mechanisms by which thrombi guide leukocytes to sites of vascular injury remain ill-defined. Using mouse models of endothelial injury (traumatic or ischemia reperfusion), we demonstrate a distinct process of leukocyte recruitment, termed "directed intravascular migration," specifically mediated by platelet thrombi. Single adherent platelets and platelet aggregates stimulated leukocyte shape change at sites of endothelial injury; however, only thrombi were capable of inducing directed intravascular leukocyte migration. Leukocyte recruitment and migration induced by platelet thrombi occurred most prominently in veins but could also occur in arteries following ischemia-reperfusion injury. In vitro studies demonstrated a major role for platelet-derived NAP-2 (CXCL-7) and its CXCR1/2 receptor in regulating leukocyte polarization and motility. In vivo studies demonstrated the presence of an NAP-2 chemotactic gradient within the thrombus body. Pharmacologic blockade of CXCR1/2 as well as genetic deletion of NAP-2 markedly reduced leukocyte shape change and intrathrombus migration. These studies define a distinct process of leukocyte migration that is initiated by homotypic adhesive interactions between platelets, leading to the development of an NAP-2 chemotactic gradient within the thrombus body that guides leukocytes to sites of vascular injury.

Bowman J.L.,Monash University
Current Opinion in Plant Biology | Year: 2013

The closest living relatives of land plants, the Charophytes, and early diverging land plant lineages, the bryophytes, reside in a phylogenetic grade. Recent analyses have resolved relationships and demonstrated that some components of the land plant developmental genetic toolkit have their origin in algal ancestors. Phylogenetic grades of taxa imply long independent evolutionary histories, with extant species diversity potentially relictual and highly derived morphologically, making reconstruction of ancestral states problematic. Incorporating data on the genetic bases of character states may be phylogenetically informative in elucidating ancestral states in cases where morphology is highly divergent. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

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