Monash University is a university based in Melbourne, Australia. It was founded in 1958 and is the second oldest university in the State of Victoria. Monash is a member of Australia's Group of Eight and the ASAIHL, and is the only Australian member of the influential M8 Alliance of Academic Health Centers, Universities and National Academies.Monash enrolls approximately 45,000 undergraduate and 17,000 graduate students, making it the university with the largest student body in Australia. It also has more applicants than any university in the state of Victoria.Monash is home to major research facilities, including the Australian Synchrotron, the Monash Science Technology Research and Innovation Precinct , the Australian Stem Cell Centre, 100 research centres and 17 co-operative research centres. In 2011, its total revenue was over $1.5 billion, with external research income around $282 million.The university has seven campuses, five of which are in Victoria , one in Malaysia, and one in South Africa. Monash also has a research and teaching centre in Prato, Italy, a graduate research school in Mumbai, India and a graduate school in Jiangsu Province, China. Since December 2011, Monash has had a global alliance with the University of Warwick in the United Kingdom.The Clayton campus contains the Robert Blackwood Hall, named after the university's founding Chancellor Sir Robert Blackwood and designed by Sir Roy Grounds, which boasts superb acoustics and is considered Melbourne's best music venue outside the CBD.In 2014, the University ceded its Gippsland campus to Federation University. Wikipedia.
Jones C.,Monash University
Coordination Chemistry Reviews | Year: 2010
This article summarizes the development of a new class of very bulky guanidinate ligands. These have been used to prepare unprecedented examples of heterocycles containing groups 2, 13, 14 or 15 elements in the +1 oxidation state. The ligands have also been harnessed in the preparation of the only examples of guanidinato, and/or closely related amidinato, complexes of iron(I), cobalt(I) and planar four-coordinate lanthanide(II) metals. Preliminary studies of the further chemistry of these very reactive complexes are also reviewed. Throughout, the tendency of the bulky guanidinate ligands to exhibit ligating and stabilizing properties more akin to those of bulky β-diketiminate ligands than less bulky amidinates or guanidinates, will be discussed. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Monaghan J.J.,Monash University
Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics | Year: 2011
This review focuses on the applications of smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) to incompressible or nearly incompressible flow. In the past 17 years, the range of applications has increased as researchers have realized the ability of SPH algorithms to handle complex physical problems. These include the disruption of free surfaces when a wave hits a rocky beach, multifluid problems that may involve the motion of rigid and elastic bodies, non-Newtonian fluids, virtual surgery, and chemical precipitation from fluids moving through fractured media. SPH provides a fascinating tool that has some of the properties of molecular dynamics while retaining the attributes of the macroscopic equations of continuum mechanics.
Andrews Z.B.,Monash University
Trends in Neurosciences | Year: 2011
Ghrelin is a peptide hormone produced and secreted in the stomach. Numerous studies over the past decade demonstrate its importance in food intake, body-weight regulation and glucose homeostasis. These effects are driven largely by the high expression of the ghrelin receptor (GHSR1a) in the hypothalamus. However, GHSR1a is also expressed in numerous extra-hypothalamic neuronal populations, suggesting that ghrelin has physiological functions besides those involved in metabolic functions. In this review, I focus on increasing evidence that ghrelin has important roles in extra-hypothalamic functions, including learning and memory, reward and motivation, anxiety and depression, and neuroprotection. Furthermore, I discuss how the recently demonstrated role of ghrelin in promoting survival during periods of caloric restriction could contribute to its inherent neuroprotective and neuromodulatory properties. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
McNeill C.R.,Monash University
Energy and Environmental Science | Year: 2012
The blending of two semiconducting polymers with offset energy levels enables efficient charge generation in thin-film 'all-polymer' solar cells. A key requirement for efficient charge separation and collection is the formation of interconnected phase-separated domains structured on the sub-20 nm length-scale. This review provides an overview of recent advances in the characterisation of conjugated polymer blend nanostructure and developments in the linking of blend structure and device performance. This review also provides a general introduction to the polymer physics behind phase separation, experimental techniques used for characterising blend structure and novel ways to control nanomorphology. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2012.
Clarke I.J.,Monash University
Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology | Year: 2011
The reproductive system is controlled by gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion from the brain, which is finely modulated by a number of factors including gonadal sex steroids. GnRH cells do not express estrogen receptor α, but feedback is transmitted by neurons that are at least 'one step back' from the GnRH cells. Modulation by season, stress and nutrition are effected by neuronal pathways that converge on the GnRH cells. Kisspeptin and gonadotropin inhibitory hormone (GnIH) neurons are regulators of GnRH secretion, the former being a major conduit for transmission of sex steroid feedback. GnIH cells project to GnRH cells and may play a role in the seasonal changes in reproductive activity in sheep. GnIH also modulates the action of GnRH at the level of the pituitary gonadotrope. This review focuses on the role that kisspeptin and GnIH neurons play, as modulators that are 'one step back' from GnRH neurons. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.