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Campbell G.M.,University of Kiel | Campbell G.M.,Molecular Imaging North Competence Center | Tiwari S.,University of Kiel | Tiwari S.,Molecular Imaging North Competence Center | And 5 more authors.
Calcified Tissue International | Year: 2014

Micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) is a widely used technique to track bone structural and mineral changes in small animals in vivo. Precise definition of volumes of interest (VOIs) in follow-up scans is required to accurately quantify these changes. To improve precision, VOIs can be transferred from baseline images onto follow-ups using image registration. We studied the performance of a registration procedure applied to in vivo data sets of anabolic and osteoporotic bone changes in mice. Micro-CT image data from two separate CD1 mouse data sets were studied. The first included a group treated with parathyroid hormone (PTH) and control and the second, an ovariectomy (OVX) group and control. Micro-CT was performed once per week for 4 weeks at the proximal tibia starting at treatment onset (PTH data set) or after surgery (OVX data set). A series consisting entirely of user-defined VOIs and a registered series where VOIs defined at baseline were transferred to follow-ups were created. Standard bone structural and mineral measurements were calculated. Image registration resulted in a 13-56 % reduction in precision error. Significant effects of registration to detect PTH-induced changes in BV/TV and trabecular BMD were observed. When changes were very pronounced or small, the qualitative improvement observed for the registered data set did not reach statistical significance. This study documents an increase in long-term precision of micro-CT measurements with image registration. Sensitivity to detect changes was improved but not uniform for all parameters. Future study of this technique on images with a smaller voxel size (<19 μm) may capture the effect in greater detail, in particular for trabecular thickness, where changes may be too small to be observed with the voxel size used here. Our results document the value of registration and indicate that the magnitude of improvement depends on the model and treatment chosen. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media.

PubMed | UKSH, Universitatsklinikum Schleswig Holstein, University of Kiel and Molecular Imaging North Competence Center
Type: | Journal: Laboratory animals | Year: 2016

The partial hepatectomy (PH) model is widely used to study liver regeneration. Currently, the extent of regeneration is analyzed by measuring the weight of the liver post-mortem or by magnetic resonance imaging. In this study we aimed to determine whether liver volume gain can be accurately measured using micro-computed tomography (microCT). Approximately 42% of the liver was removed by ligation in C57BL/6N mice. Mice were divided into two study groups. In group 1 conventional characterization of liver hyperplasia was performed by weighing the liver post-mortem. In group 2, liver volume gain was determined by microCT volume estimation. MicroCT results showed equivalent regeneration rates compared with the conventional method without the need to mathematically determine initial liver weights before PH. This parameter is strongly influenced by the age, strain and sex of the mice. In addition non-invasive microCT determination of volume gain over multiple time-points using the same animal reduces the number of animals needing to be used (in line with the 3R principle of replacement, reduction and refinement).

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