Molecular Genetics and Breeding Laboratory

Rajendranagar, India

Molecular Genetics and Breeding Laboratory

Rajendranagar, India

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Bhattacharya T.K.,Molecular Genetics and Breeding Laboratory | Chatterjee R.N.,Molecular Genetics and Breeding Laboratory | Sharma R.P.,Molecular Genetics and Breeding Laboratory | Rajkumar U.,Molecular Genetics and Breeding Laboratory | And 2 more authors.
British Poultry Science | Year: 2011

1. Single strand conformation polymorphism analysis and DNA sequencing was performed in White Leghorn hens to explore the polymorphisms present in the promoter of the prolactin gene. The effects of different genotypes on egg production and quality traits were determined, and expression of the prolactin gene in different genotypes was quantified by real time-PCR.2. Five genotypes and four alleles at each of two Fragments of the promoter were found, of which the FG genotype in Fragment 1 and the PQ genotype in Fragment 2 were the most predominant genotypes.3. The genotypes of Fragment 1 had significant effects (P < 0·05) on Haugh unit, albumen weight, albumen percentage and shell percentage at 40 weeks of age; egg weight and yolk index at 52 weeks of age; and egg weight at 64 weeks of age.4. Prolactin expression in the genotypes of Fragment 1 differed significantly and GH genotyped birds had the highest level of expression. The genotypes of Fragment 2 did not show any significant differences of expression.5. It was concluded that the prolactin gene promoter was highly polymorphic, and had significant effects on egg quality traits in White Leghorn hens. © 2011 Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.


Bhattacharya T.K.,Molecular Genetics and Breeding Laboratory | Chatterjee R.N.,Molecular Genetics and Breeding Laboratory | Sharma R.P.,Molecular Genetics and Breeding Laboratory | Niranjan M.,Molecular Genetics and Breeding Laboratory | Rajkumar U.,Molecular Genetics and Breeding Laboratory
Theriogenology | Year: 2011

The objective was to characterize polymorphisms at the 5'-UTR region of the prolactin gene, and determine their association with egg production and egg quality traits in White Leghorn chickens. The study was conducted on four strains of White Leghorn chickens, namely IWH, IWI, IWK, and layer control. Overall, there were three alleles (designated A, B, and C) and five genotypes, with genotypic frequencies of 0.09, 0.75, 0.07, 0.02, and 0.07 for AA, AB, AC, BB, and BC, respectively. There were significant differences among genotypes for egg production up to 52 and 64 wk of age, with maximal egg yields for genotypes AA and AC (144.5 ± 5.06 and 143.2 ± 4.67 eggs, respectively). Furthermore, there were significant differences among genotypes for egg quality traits, including egg weight and Haugh unit at 40 wk of age, Haugh unit at 52 wk, and yolk color index and Haugh unit at 64 wk. Birds with AA or AC genotypes had the best egg quality traits. On the contrary, these genotypes had the lowest prolactin expression, whereas this expression was highest in birds with the BB genotype. In conclusion, polymorphisms at the 5'-UTR of prolactin gene were significantly associated with egg production and egg quality traits in White Leghorn chickens. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.


Bhattacharya T.K.,Molecular Genetics and Breeding Laboratory | Chatterjee R.N.,Molecular Genetics and Breeding Laboratory | Sharma R.P.,Molecular Genetics and Breeding Laboratory | Niranjan M.,Molecular Genetics and Breeding Laboratory | And 2 more authors.
Biochemical Genetics | Year: 2011

The pituitary hormone prolactin has a wide variety of functions involving growth, behavioral, and ovarian activities in chickens. The objectives of the present study were to identify polymorphisms in the prolactin promoter and estimate their effects on growth traits in White Leghorn chickens. Among 28 haplotypes found, the h1 haplotype was predominant. Body weight at 16 and 64 weeks and age at sexual maturity were significantly associated with haplotype combinations (P < 0.05). The h1/h1 haplogroup showed the highest body weight at 16 weeks of age, and h1/h7 was the highest at 64 weeks. The lowest age at sexual maturity was found in birds with the h1/h6 haplotype combination, and mRNA expression of prolactin was lowest in h1/h4 birds and highest in h1/h5 birds. The prolactin promoter was highly polymorphic and had significant associations with growth traits in White Leghorn chickens. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.


Bhattacharya T.K.,Molecular Genetics and Breeding Laboratory | Chatterjee R.N.,Molecular Genetics and Breeding Laboratory | Sharma R.P.,Molecular Genetics and Breeding Laboratory | Niranjan M.,Molecular Genetics and Breeding Laboratory | And 2 more authors.
Animal Biotechnology | Year: 2011

Expression of prolactin hormone is a crucial event in regulating egg production in chickens for which promoter plays the vital role in expressing the prolactin gene. The objective of the present study was to identify haplotypes in the prolactin promoter and their effects on egg production and egg quality traits in White Leghorn chicken. Single stranded conformation polymorphism followed by sequencing was conducted to explore polymorphism at 561bp promoter of prolactin gene. The effect of haplotype combinations on egg production and quality traits were estimated following general linear model technique. The expression of prolactin by different haplogroups was quantified by qPCR. Total 28 haplotypes were found in White Leghorn chicken of which h1 haplotype possessed the highest frequency of 0.46 and h8, h14, h16, h25, h26, and h28 haplotypes had the lowest frequency (0.1%). The egg production up to 52 and 64 weeks of age were found to be significantly (p < 0.05) associated with haplotype combinations where the highest 52-w (52 weeks) egg production was found in animals with h1/h22 combination and the lowest production was observed in the birds with h1/h2 haplogroup. The haplotype combinations had the significant effect (p < 0.05) on Haugh Unit, yolk index and albumen weight at 40 weeks of age; Haugh Unit and albumen weight at 52 weeks of age and Haugh unit, yolk weight and yolk percentage at 64 weeks of age. The prolactin expression in h1/h22 birds was found to be the lowest and in h1/h5 birds to be the highest. The prolactin expression showed significant effect on 52-w egg production and albumin weight at 52 weeks age. In conclusion, it may be stated that the prolactin promoter was highly polymorphic and had the significant association with egg production and quality traits in White Leghorn chicken. Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


PubMed | Molecular Genetics and Breeding Laboratory
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Biochemical genetics | Year: 2011

The pituitary hormone prolactin has a wide variety of functions involving growth, behavioral, and ovarian activities in chickens. The objectives of the present study were to identify polymorphisms in the prolactin promoter and estimate their effects on growth traits in White Leghorn chickens. Among 28 haplotypes found, the h1 haplotype was predominant. Body weight at 16 and 64 weeks and age at sexual maturity were significantly associated with haplotype combinations (P < 0.05). The h1/h1 haplogroup showed the highest body weight at 16 weeks of age, and h1/h7 was the highest at 64 weeks. The lowest age at sexual maturity was found in birds with the h1/h6 haplotype combination, and mRNA expression of prolactin was lowest in h1/h4 birds and highest in h1/h5 birds. The prolactin promoter was highly polymorphic and had significant associations with growth traits in White Leghorn chickens.


PubMed | Molecular Genetics and Breeding Laboratory
Type: Journal Article | Journal: British poultry science | Year: 2011

Single strand conformation polymorphism analysis and DNA sequencing was performed in White Leghorn hens to explore the polymorphisms present in the promoter of the prolactin gene. The effects of different genotypes on egg production and quality traits were determined, and expression of the prolactin gene in different genotypes was quantified by real time-PCR. Five genotypes and four alleles at each of two Fragments of the promoter were found, of which the FG genotype in Fragment 1 and the PQ genotype in Fragment 2 were the most predominant genotypes. The genotypes of Fragment 1 had significant effects (P<005) on Haugh unit, albumen weight, albumen percentage and shell percentage at 40 weeks of age; egg weight and yolk index at 52 weeks of age; and egg weight at 64 weeks of age. Prolactin expression in the genotypes of Fragment 1 differed significantly and GH genotyped birds had the highest level of expression. The genotypes of Fragment 2 did not show any significant differences of expression. It was concluded that the prolactin gene promoter was highly polymorphic, and had significant effects on egg quality traits in White Leghorn hens.

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