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Koukaras E.N.,Molecular Engineering Laboratory | Koukaras E.N.,University of Patras | Zdetsis A.D.,Molecular Engineering Laboratory | Sigalas M.M.,Foundation for Research and Technology Hellas
Journal of the American Chemical Society | Year: 2012

On the basis of the attractive possibility of efficient hydrogen storage in light metal hydrides, we have examined a large variety of Mg nH m nanoclusters and (MgH 2) n nanocrystals (n = 2-216, m = 2-436) using high level coupled cluster, CCSD(T), ab initio methods, and judicially chosen density functional calculations of comparable quality and (near chemical) accuracy. Our calculated desorption energies as a function of size and percentage of hydrogen have pinpointed optimal regions of sizes and concentrations of hydrogen which are in full agreement with recent experimental findings. Furthermore, our results reproduce the experimental desorption energy of 75.5 kJ/mol for the infinite system with remarkable accuracy (76.5 ± 1.5 kJ/mol). © 2012 American Chemical Society. Source

Lee W.L.,Nanyang Technological University | Guo W.M.,Molecular Engineering Laboratory | Ho V.H.B.,Molecular Engineering Laboratory | Saha A.,Nanyang Technological University | And 5 more authors.
Acta Biomaterialia | Year: 2015

Double-layered microparticles composed of poly(d,l-lactic-co-glycolic acid, 50:50) (PLGA) and poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) were loaded with doxorubicin HCl (DOX) and paclitaxel (PCTX) through a solvent evaporation technique. DOX was localized in the PLGA shell, while PCTX was localized in the PLLA core. The aim of this study was to investigate how altering layer thickness of dual-drug, double-layered microparticles can influence drug release kinetics and their antitumor capabilities, and against single-drug microparticles. PCTX-loaded double-layered microparticles with denser shells retarded the initial release of PCTX, as compared with dual-drug-loaded microparticles. The DOX release from both DOX-loaded and dual-drug-loaded microparticles were observed to be similar with an initial burst. Through specific tailoring of layer thicknesses, a suppressed initial burst of DOX and a sustained co-delivery of two drugs can be achieved over 2 months. Viability studies using spheroids of MCF-7 cells showed that controlled co-delivery of PCTX and DOX from dual-drug-loaded double-layered microparticles were better in reducing spheroid growth rate. This study provides mechanistic insights into how by tuning the layer thickness of double-layered microparticles the release kinetics of two drugs can be controlled, and how co-delivery can potentially achieve better anticancer effects. Statement of Significance While the release of multiple drugs has been reported to achieve successful apoptosis and minimize drug resistance, most conventional particulate systems can only deliver a single drug at a time. Recently, although a number of formulations (e.g. micellar nanoparticles, liposomes) have been successful in delivering two or more anticancer agents, sustained co-delivery of these agents remains inadequate due to the complex agent loading processes and rapid release of hydrophilic agents. Therefore, the present work reports the multilayered particulate system that simultaneously hosts different drugs, while being able to tune their individual release over months. We believe that our findings would be of interest to the readers of Acta Biomaterialia because the proposed system could open a new avenue on how two drugs can be released, through rate-controlling carriers, for combination chemotherapy. © 2015 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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