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Radulescu R.T.,Molecular Concepts Research MCR
Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology | Year: 2014

Tumor suppressors constitute the body's primary defense line against malignant transformation. Since Theodor Boveri's initial insight one century ago, a huge amount of knowledge on these molecules has been generated. However, the final step of application of this profound understanding in the clinical setting, i.e., the treatment of cancer patients with tumor suppressors and their derivatives, is still ahead. Nevertheless, the important success achieved with similar biomimetic approaches in the therapy of other diseases suggests that tumor suppressor-based antineoplastic interventions should be accomplished soon as they may be equally rewarding. Source

Radulescu R.T.,Molecular Concepts Research MCR
Diabetology and Metabolic Syndrome | Year: 2011

Insulin is one of the major metabolic hormones regulating glucose homeostasis in the organism and a key growth factor for normal and neoplastic cells. Work conducted primarily over the past 3 decades has unravelled the presence of insulin in human breast cancer tissues and, more recently, in human non-small cell lung carcinomas (NSCLC). These findings have suggested that intracellular insulin is involved in the development of these highly prevalent human tumors. A potential mechanism for such involvement is insulin's binding and inactivation of the retinoblastoma tumor suppressor protein (RB) which in turn is likely controlled by insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE). This model and its supporting data are collectively covered in this survey in order to provide further insight into insulin-driven oncogenesis and its reversal through future anticancer therapeutics. © 2011 Radulescu; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Radulescu R.T.,Molecular Concepts Research MCR
Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology | Year: 2015

More than 20 years ago, it was initially predicted that hormones and growth factors might promote cell growth by binding and thereby inactivating tumor suppressors, as exemplified by the proposed complex formation between insulin and retinoblastoma protein (RB). This mainly intracellular/nuclear growth-regulatory circuit was termed “the nucleocrine pathway” and the physical interaction between insulin and RB was subsequently proven through several methods, primarily by immunofluorescence and co-immunoprecipitation. Meanwhile, additional nucleocrine pairs have emerged through further experimental studies, specifically the FGF1-p53 and angiogenin-p53 heterodimers. Moreover, first experimental clues have been obtained as to the intranuclear presence of the previously surmised heterodimer between the EGF precursor and the p130 tumor suppressor. In addition, RB-binding motifs have recently been discovered in interleukin-6 (IL-6) and cellular apoptosis susceptibility (CAS) protein. These findings point to a more general significance of the nucleocrine pathway in cell growth regulation and as a particularly useful target in cancer therapy. © 2015, Editura Academiei Romane. All rights reserved. Source

Radulescu R.T.,Molecular Concepts Research MCR
Journal of Experimental and Clinical Cancer Research | Year: 2010

The past two decades have witnessed an increasing appreciation of the role of the tumor microenvironment, of genetic and epigenetic alterations in normal cells adjacent to tumors and of the migration of normal cells with aberrant intrinsic properties in cancer pathophysiology. Aside from these insights, a novel concept termed "oncoprotein metastasis" (OPM) has recently been advanced and proposed to reflect protein-based neoplastic phenomena that might occur even before any modifications relating to the morphology, location or (epi)genetic outfit of cells during the malignant process. Here, evidence is presented that supports the OPM perception and thus should contribute not only to further rethink the definition of a normal cell, but also the treatment of cancer disease in the years to come. © 2010 Radulescu; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Hypertension ranks among the most important disease challenges on a global scale. Here, a novel hypothesis is presented which implicates angiotensinogen, i.e. the precursor protein for the hypertensive peptide angiotensin II, as a key culprit in the pathogenesis of hypertension. This hypothesis more precisely entails that intracellular angiotensinogen binds and thereby inactivates the retinoblastoma tumor suppressor protein (RB), consequently leading to an inflammatory and hyperproliferative state that significantly contributes to pathologically increasing blood pressure. Accordingly, a conceivable antihypertensive strategy could comprise RBderived compounds that neutralize angiotensinogen. Source

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