Okenve-Ramos P.,Institute of Molecular Biology of Barcelona CSIC |
Llimargas M.,Institute of Molecular Biology of Barcelona CSIC
Communicative and Integrative Biology | Year: 2014
Filopodia are long and thin finger-like protrusions essential for cell migration. They are formed by parallel actin bundles tightly packed by cell type and context dependent actin-bundling proteins. Our recent work analyzing the role of Fascin during tracheal development in Drosophila has shown that Singed (the Drosophila Fascin homolog) acts as a molecular link between the Branchless (FGF)/Breathless (FGFR) pathway and the actin cytoskeleton. We have reported that the lack of Singed (Sn) leads to wavy and flaccid filopodia due to the disorganization of the tracheal actin cytoskeleton. Here we describe for the first time filopodia breakage in Drosophila, and show that Fascin plays a role in this event. We propose that actin filaments in sn mutant filopodia buckle under membrane pressure due to lower bending stiffness, eventually undergoing breakage. Both Filopodia buckling and breakage would impair correct cell navigation and migration. © Pilar Okenve-Ramos and Marta Llimargas.
Isasa M.,Institute of Molecular Biology of Barcelona CSIC |
Zuin A.,Institute of Molecular Biology of Barcelona CSIC |
Crosas B.,Institute of Molecular Biology of Barcelona CSIC
Methods in Molecular Biology | Year: 2012
The ubiquitin-proteasome system has emerged in the last decades as a new paradigm in cell physiology. Ubiquitin is found in fundamental levels of cell regulation, as a target for degradation to the proteasome or as a signal that controls protein function in a complex manner. Even though many aspects of the ubiquitin system remain unexplored, the contributions on the field uncover that ubiquitin represents one of the most sophisticated codes in cellular biology. The proteasome is an ATP-dependent protease that degrades a large number of protein substrates in the cell. The proteasome recruits substrates by a number of receptors that interact with polyubiquitin. Recently, it has been shown that one of these receptors, Rpn10, is regulated by monoubiquitination. In this chapter, we show an overview of the central aspects of the pathway and describe the methodology to characterize in vitro the monoubiquitination of proteasome subunits. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media New York.