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Frankfurt am Main, Germany

Dobrynin K.,Molecular Bioenergetics Group | Abdrakhmanova A.,Molecular Bioenergetics Group | Richers S.,Max Planck Institute of Biophysics | Hunte C.,Max Planck Institute of Biophysics | And 2 more authors.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics | Year: 2010

Acyl carrier proteins of mitochondria (ACPMs) are small (∼ 10 kDa) acidic proteins that are homologous to the corresponding central components of prokaryotic fatty acid synthase complexes. Genomic deletions of the two genes ACPM1 and ACPM2 in the strictly aerobic yeast Yarrowia lipolytica resulted in strains that were not viable or retained only trace amounts of assembled mitochondrial complex I, respectively. This suggested different functions for the two proteins that despite high similarity could not be complemented by the respective other homolog still expressed in the deletion strains. Remarkably, the same phenotypes were observed if just the conserved serine carrying the phosphopantethein moiety was exchanged with alanine. Although this suggested a functional link to the lipid metabolism of mitochondria, no changes in the lipid composition of the organelles were found. Proteomic analysis revealed that both ACPMs were tightly bound to purified mitochondrial complex I. Western blot analysis revealed that the affinity tagged ACPM1 and ACPM2 proteins were exclusively detectable in mitochondrial membranes but not in the mitochondrial matrix as reported for other organisms. Hence we conclude that the ACPMs can serve all their possible functions in mitochondrial lipid metabolism and complex I assembly and stabilization as subunits bound to complex I. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Drose S.,Molecular Bioenergetics Group | Wittig I.,Molecular Bioenergetics Group | Mittelbronn M.,Goethe University Frankfurt | Grzmil P.,University of Gottingen | And 13 more authors.
Human Molecular Genetics | Year: 2013

The caseinolytic peptidase P (CLPP) is conserved from bacteria to humans. In the mitochondrial matrix, it multimerizes and forms a macromolecular proteasome-like cylinder together with the chaperone CLPX. In spite of a known relevance for the mitochondrial unfolded protein response, its substrates and tissue-specific roles are unclear in mammals. Recessive CLPP mutations were recently observed in the human Perrault variant of ovarian failure and sensorineural hearing loss. Here, a first characterization of CLPP null mice demonstrated complete female and male infertility and auditory deficits. Disrupted spermatogenesis already at the spermatid stage and ovarian follicular differentiation failure were evident. Reduced pre-/post-natal survival and marked ubiquitous growth retardation contrasted with only light impairment of movement and respiratory activities. Interestingly, the mice showed resistance to ulcerative dermatitis. Systematic expression studies detected up-regulation of other mitochondrial chaperones, accumulation of CLPX and mtDNA as well as inflammatory factors throughout tissues. T-lymphocytes in the spleen were activated. Thus, murine Clpp deletion represents a faithful Perrault model. The disease mechanism probably involves deficient clearance of mitochondrial components and inflammatory tissue destruction. © The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. Source

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