Mohammed V Military Teaching Hospital

Rabat, Morocco

Mohammed V Military Teaching Hospital

Rabat, Morocco
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Drissi S.,Mohammed v Military Teaching Hospital | Drissi S.,Avicenne University Hospital | Sabor H.,Mohammed v Military Teaching Hospital | Ounsy A.,Mohammed v Military Teaching Hospital | And 7 more authors.
International Archives of Medicine | Year: 2014

Background: Mitral valve stenosis is a common manifestation of chronic rheumatic heart disease. The presence of spontaneous echo contrast in the left atrium and left atrial appendage has been reported to be an independent predictor of thrombo-embolic risk in patients with mitral stenosis. The objective of this study was to retrospectively investigate various clinical and echocardiographic variables to predict the spontaneous echo contrast in these patients. Methodology. This is a bicentric retrospective study which includes 159 cases of symptomatic mitral stenosis from January 2011 to June 2012. All of the patients had transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography. Patients who had significant mitral regurgitation (> Grade I), significant aortic valve disease, previous mitral valvulotomy and anticoagulation or antiplatelet therapy were excluded from the study. Our study population was divided into two groups based on the presence (Group I) or absence (Group II) of spontaneous echo contrast. Result: Left atrial spontaneous contrast was present in 34.6% of cases. Patients in this group have more frequent atrial fibrillation (P = 0.001), larger left atrial area (P = 0.027) and diameter (P=0.023), smaller mitral valve area (P = 0.025), and higher mean transmitral diastolic gradient (p = 0.003) as compared to patients without spontaneous echo contrast. There were no significant differences in the mean age (p = 0.38), duration of symptoms (p = 0.4) and left ventricular ejection fraction (p = 0.7) between patients with and without spontaneous echo contrast. On multivariate analysis, only mitral valve area and transmitral diastolic gradient (OR: 18.753, 1.21, CI [1,838-191,332], [1,064-1,376], p: 0.013, 0.004, respectively) were found to be independently associated to the presence of spontaneous echo contrast. Conclusion: Patients with severe rheumatic mitral stenosis in atrial fibrillation or sinus rhythm have a higher risk of developing spontaneous echo contrast. These patients might benefit from prophylactic anticoagulation. The long-term outcomes can be ascertained in a study over a longer period and with periodic follow-up. © 2014 Drissi et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


PubMed | Mohammed V University, Avicenne University Hospital and Mohammed V Military Teaching Hospital
Type: | Journal: International archives of medicine | Year: 2014

Mitral valve stenosis is a common manifestation of chronic rheumatic heart disease. The presence of spontaneous echo contrast in the left atrium and left atrial appendage has been reported to be an independent predictor of thrombo-embolic risk in patients with mitral stenosis. The objective of this study was to retrospectively investigate various clinical and echocardiographic variables to predict the spontaneous echo contrast in these patients.This is a bicentric retrospective study which includes 159 cases of symptomatic mitral stenosis from January 2011 to June 2012. All of the patients had transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography. Patients who had significant mitral regurgitation (> Grade I), significant aortic valve disease, previous mitral valvulotomy and anticoagulation or antiplatelet therapy were excluded from the study. Our study population was divided into two groups based on the presence (Group I) or absence (Group II) of spontaneous echo contrast.Left atrial spontaneous contrast was present in 34.6% of cases. Patients in this group have more frequent atrial fibrillation (P = 0.001), larger left atrial area (P = 0.027) and diameter (P=0.023), smaller mitral valve area (P = 0.025), and higher mean transmitral diastolic gradient (p = 0.003) as compared to patients without spontaneous echo contrast. There were no significant differences in the mean age (p = 0.38), duration of symptoms (p = 0.4) and left ventricular ejection fraction (p = 0.7) between patients with and without spontaneous echo contrast. On multivariate analysis, only mitral valve area and transmitral diastolic gradient (OR: 18.753, 1.21, CI [1,838-191,332], [1,064-1,376], p: 0.013, 0.004, respectively) were found to be independently associated to the presence of spontaneous echo contrast.Patients with severe rheumatic mitral stenosis in atrial fibrillation or sinus rhythm have a higher risk of developing spontaneous echo contrast. These patients might benefit from prophylactic anticoagulation. The long-term outcomes can be ascertained in a study over a longer period and with periodic follow-up.


Seddik H.,Mohammed v Military Teaching Hospital | Rabhi M.,Mohammed v Military Teaching Hospital
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy | Year: 2011

Partially or completely invaginated appendix mistaken for a polyp during colonoscopy and leading to intussusception is a rare situation. This paper describes our experience with two cases of appendiceal intussusception. In the first case, there was no underlying ileocecal abnormality, and, in the second case, histologic examination of the resected appendix and cecum revealed widespread foci of angiodysplasia, and this was thought to be the basis for the intussusception. The authors present reviews of the literature concerning clinical features and associated conditions and emphasize that failure to recognize this condition may result in unexpected complications such as consequent peritonitis in case of endoscopic removal. Copyright 2011 Hassan Seddik and Monsef Rabhi.


Fouad E.A.,Mohammed V Military Teaching Hospital | Hanane M.,Mohammed V Military Teaching Hospital | Mounir B.,Mohammed V Military Teaching Hospital | Rachid Z.,Mohammed V Military Teaching Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology | Year: 2015

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic, autoimmune, multisystem disease which may affect the eyes and/or visual system in up to a third of patients. Severe retinal vaso-occlusive diseases have been rarely reported as manifestation in patients with SLE. We report the case of a 35-year-old female treated for systemic lupus erythematosus for 6 months, presented a sudden loss of vision. Fundus examination and fluorescein angiography revealed severe retinal vascular occlusion. This has motivated the search for antiphospholipid antibody syndrome and this was confirmed without the presence of anticardiolipin antibodies. And the treatment consisted in a laser therapy. The purpose of this case report is to demonstrate that an ocular vascular event can reveal the disease and that its diagnosis is important because this disease generally affects young people and may endanger ocular and vital prognosis. © 2014 Saudi Ophthalmological Society, King Saud University.


Akhaddar A.,Mohammed v Military Teaching Hospital | Elouennass M.,Mohammed v Military Teaching Hospital | Baallal H.,Mohammed v Military Teaching Hospital | Boucetta M.,Mohammed v Military Teaching Hospital
World Neurosurgery | Year: 2010

Objective Actinomyces spp. are often underestimated as causes of central nervous system infection because they are not looked for routinely and are difficult to detect. We try to determine the optimal management of these problematic intracranial infectious diseases in neurosurgical practice. Methods Five cases of intracranial suppurations due to Actinomyces spp. treated between December 2007 and February 2009 are reported. The relevant clinicobacteriologic features and treatment outcomes are analyzed. Results There were two brain abscesses, two subdural empyemas, and one frontal sinus pyomucocele with intracranial extension. Among them, three cases were previously operated and two patients were previously treated for otorhinolaryngeal infection. All cases were immunocompetent. In addition to Actinomyces sp., three patients had coinfectious bacteria (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococus warneri, and Escherichia coli). Complete resolution of the infection was achieved by means of aggressive surgical treatment and relatively short course of antibiotic therapy with a full recovery. Conclusion Actinomycotic focal cerebral infections may occur with greater frequency than previously recognized. Polymicrobial bacteria may be seen. This rare anaerobic organism should be considered in patients with a history of head trauma, previous surgery, or otorhinolaryngeal infection who present with a long duration of neurologic symptoms with or without an accompanying fever. Patients may be candidates for surgical debridement with relative shorter term of antibiotic therapy (ciprofloxacin). © 2010 Elsevier Inc.


Boulahroud O.,Mohammed v Military Teaching Hospital | Dao I.,Mohammed v Military Teaching Hospital | El Asri C.A.,Mohammed v Military Teaching Hospital | Boucetta M.,Mohammed v Military Teaching Hospital
Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice | Year: 2012

Primary spinal epidural hydatid cyst without bony involvement is extremely rare. Authors report the case of a 44-year-old female brought to their attention for a rapidly progressive paraplegia. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed extradural multiple cysts with "bunch of grapes" appearance extended to the paraspinal muscles through neural foramina without bony involvement on computed tomography (CT) scan. Histopathologic examination after a surgical approach confirmed the diagnosis of hydatid cyst. The early postoperative period showed a progressive improvement of her neurological deficit. The long-term follow-up under discontinued antihelminthic chemotherapy was uneventful.


PubMed | Mohammed V Military Teaching Hospital
Type: | Journal: The Pan African medical journal | Year: 2016

Primary malignant tracheal tumors are not common and adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) of trachea is very rare. The diagnosis is often delayed due to the atypical symptoms. We report an extremely rare case of ACC of proximal trachea, in a 55-year-old female who presented with a 12 month history of progressive dyspnea. Laryngoscopy and computed tomography revealed a broad-based polypoidal mass arising from posterior wall of the proximal trachea. Biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of ACC. The patient underwent a complete surgical resection and post operative radiotherapy. Six months follow-up of the patient did not reveal local recurrence or distant metastases. The literature of tracheal ACC is reviewed.


Akhaddar A.,Mohammed v Military Teaching Hospital | Boulahroud O.,Mohammed v Military Teaching Hospital | Boucetta M.,Mohammed v Military Teaching Hospital
Surgical Infections | Year: 2011

Background: Spinal cord abscesses are rare. Acute lesions may present as spinal cord syndrome with back pain and fever, whereas chronic abscesses tend to have a less specific symptomatology, especially in elderly patients. Methods: Case report and review of the pertinent literature. Case Report: An 82-year old male with diabetes mellitus presented with a four-month history of backache and some difficulty walking without sphincter disturbance or fever. Spinal magnetic resonance imaging revealed a midthoracic intramedullary ring-like lesion that proved to be an abscess. Corticosteroids, gentamicin, and ciprofloxacin were given. The abscess resolved after three months. Conclusions: Classically, treatment of intramedullary abscesses involves surgical drainage of the abscess cavity and administration of appropriate antibiotics, although medical therapy alone may be appropriate in some cases. If the diagnosis is unclear or patients do not respond to medical management, surgical decompression should be performed. © 2011 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.


PubMed | Mohammed V Military Teaching Hospital
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Cephalalgia : an international journal of headache | Year: 2012

Hypnic headache (HH) is a rare primary headache that occurs exclusively during sleep. Drug therapy of HH is often associated with side effects. In a few cases, antiepileptic drugs have been useful in preventing HH attacks.We describe two patients, a man aged 57 and a woman aged 63, both with a history of duodenal ulcer and both suffering from several months of frequent and moderate headaches (at least 15 days/month), which occurred only at night and resisted treatment. Physical examination and imaging were unremarkable. Sleep polysomnography was normal in the man. In both patients, the diagnosis of HH was made on the basis of the International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd edition criteria. Given the prior history of duodenal ulcer and the unavailability of some drugs in Morocco, we opted for the administration of moderate doses of lamotrigine. The outcome was favourable at one year follow-up and beyond.To our knowledge, the response to lamotrigine in HH cases has never been reported. Because of its safety profile and availability, lamotrigine can be an effective alternative treatment in HH.


PubMed | Mohammed V Military Teaching Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Saudi journal of ophthalmology : official journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society | Year: 2015

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic, autoimmune, multisystem disease which may affect the eyes and/or visual system in up to a third of patients. Severe retinal vaso-occlusive diseases have been rarely reported as manifestation in patients with SLE. We report the case of a 35-year-old female treated for systemic lupus erythematosus for 6months, presented a sudden loss of vision. Fundus examination and fluorescein angiography revealed severe retinal vascular occlusion. This has motivated the search for antiphospholipid antibody syndrome and this was confirmed without the presence of anticardiolipin antibodies. And the treatment consisted in a laser therapy. The purpose of this case report is to demonstrate that an ocular vascular event can reveal the disease and that its diagnosis is important because this disease generally affects young people and may endanger ocular and vital prognosis.

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