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Tampa, FL, United States

Lee S.,University of Calgary | Nelson G.,University of Calgary | Duan Q.,Clinical Research Unit | Magliocco A.M.,Lee Moffit Cancer Center | Duggan M.A.,University of Calgary
International Journal of Gynecological Pathology | Year: 2013

Primary peritoneal serous carcinoma (PPSC) is uncommon and precursor lesions and prognostic factors are incompletely understood or described. Charts of 22 women with PPSC were reviewed for clinical and pathology data. Glass slides were reviewed for areas of PPSC, ovarian surface epithelium (OSE), ovarian cortical inclusion cysts (OCICs), tubal epithelial atypia (TEA), and serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma (STIC). p53 and p16 immunohistochemical staining was scored and expression between the sites was compared. PPSC outcome was correlated with biomarker expression and clinicopathologic variables. p53 and p16 scores were significantly higher among PPSC and tubes than OSE and OCICs. Approximately 64% of PPSC, 46% of fallopian tubes, and none of the OSE overexpressed both biomarkers. OCICs were more frequently negative. Tubal pathologies of STIC, TEA and/or p53 signatures were present in approximately 46% of PPSC cases and the association with tubal p53 overexpression was significant. Statistically significant associations between tubal pathologies, OSE and OCICs biomarker expression profiles and their PPSC expression profiles did not occur. The median overall survival was 53 months and low-grade tumors had a better prognosis (P=0.02). A role for p53 and p16 overexpression in the formation of some PPSC, and p53 overexpression in the generation of precursor tubal pathology was identified. The high frequency of tubal pathology overexpressing p53 and low frequency of OSE and OCICs expressing either biomarker highlights a possible precursor role for the tube in some PPSC. Tumor grade was the only significant prognostic factor. © 2013 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

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