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Mohareb R.M.,Cairo University | Mohareb R.M.,Modern Sciences and Arts University | El-Sayed N.N.E.,National Organization for Drug Control and Research | El-Sayed N.N.E.,King Saud University | And 2 more authors.
Molecules | Year: 2012

The reaction of cyanoacetylhydrazine with chloroacetyl chloride gave N′-(2-chloroacetyl)-2-cyanoacetohydrazide. The latter underwent cyclization to afford 1-(5 amino-3-hydroxy-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-2-chloroethanone, which underwent nucleophilic substitution to give 3-(5-amino-3-hydroxy-1H- pyrazol-1-yl)-3-oxopropanenitrile. The latter two compounds were used as key synthons to synthesize new thiophene, pyran, thiazole and some fused heterocyclic derivatives. The antitumor activity of the newly synthesized compounds was evaluated against three human tumor cells lines, namely breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7), non-small cell lung cancer (NCI-H460) and CNS cancer (SF-268) and some of these compounds were found to exhibit much higher inhibitory effects towards the three tumor cell lines than the Gram positive control doxorubicin. © 2012 by the authors. Source


Mohareb R.M.,Cairo University | El-Sayed N.N.E.,National Organization for Drug Control and Research | El-Sayed N.N.E.,King Saud University | Abdelaziz M.A.,University of Tabuk | Abdelaziz M.A.,Modern Academy for Engineering and Technology in Maadi
Steroids | Year: 2013

The reaction of pregnenolone with either 2-aminoprop-1-ene-1,1,3- tricarbonitrile or 3-oxo-3-phenylpropanenitrile gave the Knoevenagel condensation products 3 and 6, respectively. Separation of the E and Z isomeric compounds of 3 and 6 together with their structure elucidation were carried out. Some chemical transformations of the latter products were carried out and the cytotoxicity of the newly obtained products was evaluated against some cancer cell lines and a human normal cell line. The results indicated that compounds 15, 17a, 18 and 20e among the tested compounds showed the highest cytotoxicity against the cancer cell lines.© 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source


Hegazy T.M.,Ain Shams University | Shoeib M.Y.,Modern Academy for Engineering and Technology in Maadi | Hassan G.M.,Modern Academy for Engineering and Technology in Maadi
Radiation Protection Dosimetry | Year: 2013

In the current study, the bulk etch rate, the removal thickness percentage and the track density have been examined for gamma-irradiated at doses ranging from 0 to 100 kGy. After irradiating CR-39 detectors, they got etched at 70°C in different concentration of NaOH solutions for various time intervals. Results indicate that the bulk etch rate and the removal thickness percentage increase with the increase of gamma absorbed dose and the etchant solution concentration. The track density increases with increase of the etchant solution concentration for irradiated samples (0, 10, 50 kGy) up to 6.25 N NaOH, and then it decreases with the increase of the etchant solution concentration for un-irradiated samples and those irradiated with 10 kGy, and with the high doses the samples' surface got damaged. © The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. Source


Gaafar M.S.,National Institute for Standards of Egypt | Marzouk S.Y.,Arab Academy for Science and Technology | Zayed H.A.,Ain Shams University | Soliman L.I.,National Research Center of Egypt | Serag El-Deen A.H.,Modern Academy for Engineering and Technology in Maadi
Current Applied Physics | Year: 2013

Mixed alkali borate glasses doped with CoO, have been prepared by the melt quenching technique. Elastic properties and FT-IR spectroscopic studies have been employed to study the role of CoO and the mixed alkali effect on the structure of the investigated glass system. Elastic properties and Debye temperature have been investigated using sound wave velocity measurements at 4 MHz at room temperature. The density, molar volume and glass transition temperatures were employed to investigate the structure of these glasses. Infrared spectra of these glasses revealed that the borate network is affected by the increase in the concentration of CoO content and the mixed alkali oxides. These results are interpreted in terms of the change in the topology of these glass structures. The elastic moduli are observed to increase with the increase of CoO content due to the increased average bond connectivity. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source


Mohareb R.M.,Cairo University | Abdallah A.E.M.,Helwan University | Abdelaziz M.A.,Al Ghad International Colleges for Applied Medical science | Abdelaziz M.A.,Modern Academy for Engineering and Technology in Maadi
Medicinal Chemistry Research | Year: 2014

The reaction of cyanoacetylhydrazine (1) with acetylchloride (2) gave the N-acyl derivative 3. The latter underwent ready cyclization in sodium ethoxide to give the pyrazole derivative 4 which was the key compound for the synthesis of thiophene, thieno[2,3-b]pyridine, and thiazole derivatives. The anti-tumor evaluations of the newly synthesized products against the three human tumor cell lines, namely, breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7), non-small cell lung cancer (NCI-H460), and CNS cancer (SF-268), were studied. Some of these compounds were found to exhibit much higher inhibitory effects toward the three tumor cell lines than the reference doxorubicin. Molecular modeling of the four compounds 12c, 12f, 16a, and 16d, which showed the maximum inhibitory effect, were done. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

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