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Chopra M.,M.M.I.M.S.R. Mullana | Singh H.,M.M.I.M.S.R. Mullana
Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine | Year: 2014

Age is one of the important parameters for the Identification of an individual whether the individual is alive, dead or human remains. A criminal will tell his age wrong to the investigating agencies to get less punishment from the court. Various government agencies are giving benefits like employment, pension and medical reimbursement according to age of a person. The age plays a vital role in sports competition. A person who's age more than 60 years is a senior citizen. The railways authority gives concession of 40% to male senior citizens and 50% to female senior citizens. The benefits are also on the income tax. Age is also important in onset of various diseases. The sternum can be visualized by radiography for age estimation. The earliest age of fusion of the Xiphisternum with the body of the sternum was 26 years in the males and 26 years in the females also. The earliest age of fusion of the manubrium with the body of the sternum was 29 years in males and 35 years in the females.


Singal K.K.,MMIMSR Mullana | Singal N.,MMIMSR Mullana | Gupta P.,MMIMSR Mullana | Jain N.,MMIMSR Mullana | And 2 more authors.
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science | Year: 2014

Settlement of adult form ascariasis parasite in the gall bladder is rare constituting 2.1 % of hepatobiliary ascariasis4. Radiologic imaging methods play an important role in the diagnosis of the parasite in the biliary tree. Computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) are used in the diagnosis of hepatobiliary ascariasis. However, ultrasonography is still the first method and most preferred due to its ease of applicability and the fact that it is inexpensive and non-invasive. We report a rare case of Ascariasis lumbricoides present in gall bladder.


Singh V.A.,MMIMSR Mullana | Bunger R.,MMIMSR Mullana
Journal International Medical Sciences Academy | Year: 2014

The health promoting benefits and efficacy of probiotics has been demonstrated in many models of gastrointestinal disease. Probiotics have an antimicrobial effect through modifying micro flora, secreting antibacterial substances, competing with pathogens to prevent their adhesion, competing with nutrients necessary for pathogen survival, producing an antitoxin effect and reversing some of the consequences of infection on the gut epithelium. Fermented milks, cheese, enriched yoghurt, yoghurt-like products are the commonly used Probiotic food preparation. © 2014, International Medical Sciences Academy. All rights reserved.


Sharma N.S.,M.M.I.M.S.R Mullana | Sharma R.G.,M.M.I.M.S.R Mullana | Singh N.,M.M.I.M.S.R Mullana | Singal K.,M.M.I.M.S.R Mullana | Chowdhary K.,M.M.I.M.S.R Mullana
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science | Year: 2014

Cholecystocolic fistula is a rare biliary-enteric fistula with a variable clinical presentation. Despite modern diagnostic tools a high degree of suspicion is required to diagnose it preoperatively1,2. Biliary-enteric fistulae have been found in 0.9% of patients undergoing biliary tract surgery. The most common site of communication of the fistula is a cholecystoduodenal (70%), followed by cholecystocolic (10-20%), and the least common is the cholecystogastric fistula accounting for the remainder of the cases. Even a case of choledochocolonic fistula through a cystic duct remnant has been reported3. These fistulae are treated by open as well as laparoscopic surgery with no difference in intraoperative and postoperative complications. We report a case of obstructive jaundice, which was relieved by itself and was investigated with abdominal ultrasonography and routine investigations but none of these gave us any clue to the presence of the fistula which was discovered incidentally during an open surgery and was appropriately treated.


Singh H.,MMIMSR Mullana
Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine | Year: 2014

The foot print of a suspected person is valuable Forensic evidence along with other evidences at the place of crime scene investigation. The foot print can be studied by anatomists, anthropologists, physicians, podiatrists and orthopaedicians. Foot can be studied by foot prints and shoe prints. Present study conducted to ascertain the foot impressions and boot marks as means of identification of individuals, to compare dimensions of foot impression and boot mark on papers and POP casts and to know the value of POP cast footprint. The foot prints are lifted by POP cast from the crime scene. The foot prints of suspects can be taken on soft and hard materials for comparison. The evidence on a hard material is difficult to carry as compared to soft materials however both are equally important. Foot prints are found more common in the rural areas mainly in the fields because of mud. It is difficult to find foot print on the cemented structures in urban areas.


Singla R.,MMIMSR Mullana | Biswas M.,MMIMSR Mullana | Bedi M.,MMIMSR Mullana | Bedi S.,MMIMSR Mullana
Journal of Punjab Academy of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2015

The present study focused on the relationship between foot length, foot breadth and foot index between the males and females in Rajasthani Jats and North Indian Mixed population. 600 subjects 300 Rajasthani Jats (150 males and 150 females) and 300 subjects (150 males and 150 females) from north Indian mixed population between 18-50 years of age were taken for study. Foot index in Rajasthani Jats is 37 whereas in the North Indian mixed population the deviation point is 36. Foot index is highly reliable as a sex indicator in North Indian mixed population but the same is not true for Rajasthani Jats. Although statistically significant sex differences are evident for foot index, its practical utility appears to be limited because of considerable overlap. Foot Length and foot breadth appear to be strong predictors of sex. Foot index is a poor and unreliable sex indicator in the Rajasthani Jats. © 2015 JPAFMAT. All rights reserved.


Garg A.,Gian Sagar Medical College and Hospital | Goyal N.,Gian Sagar Medical College and Hospital | Gorea R.K.,Prince Sattam Bin Abdul Aziz University | Pathak N.,Maharishi Markandeshwar Medical College and Hospital | Mohan P.,MMIMSR Mullana
Journal of Punjab Academy of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2015

Foetal age estimation is very important. Foetal age can be estimated by variety of parameters such as Femur length, Bi- Parietal diameter, Abdominal circumference, Humerus length and Foetal Kidney length. Previous studies by various authors indicate that 30% of female forget their exact Last Menstrual period (LMP) [1, 2]. If exact LMP is not known then Expected date of delivery was not found. So these types of cases pose a grave challenge for treating doctor. Frequently in the emergency, unregistered antenatal cases come with the history of accident as well as assault with bleeding per vaginum. These types of cases also need treatment or Medical termination under MTP act. So this study was aimed to produce normogram using foetal Kidney length by measuring it sonographically from known registered antenatal cases coming to Gian Sagar. The Normogram was prepared with objective to use it retrospectively when LMP is not known to get foetal age using foetal kidney length. © 2015 JPAFMAT. All rights reserved.


Mahendru R.,M.M.I.M.S.R. Mullana | Malik S.,M.M.I.M.S.R. Mullana
Biomedical Research | Year: 2010

The main objective of this study was to identify any advantage of uterine fundal pressure manouvre in vaginal delivery and to evaluate its obstetrical outcomes. The primary aim of decreasing the duration of the second stage of labour could not be substantiated; rather this manouvre itself was associated with risks. Significant findings noted with such practice were one case each of retained placenta and bladder atonicity besides increased evidence of maternal exhaustion in this group and such observations were not observed in the earlier studies.


Sood S.,Panjab University | Gupta S.,Panjab University | Mahendra A.,Mmimsr Mullana
Medicina Oral, Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal | Year: 2012

The treatment of oral and periodontal diseases and associated anomalies accounts for a significant proportion of the healthcare burden, with the manifestations of these conditions being functionally and psychologically debilitating. A challenge faced by periodontal therapy is the predictable regeneration of periodontal tissues lost as a consequence of disease. Growth factors are critical to the development, maturation, maintenance and repair of oral tissues as they establish an extra-cellular environment that is conducive to cell and tissue growth. Tissue engineering principles aim to exploit these properties in the development of biomimetic materials that can provide an appropriate microenvironment for tissue development. The aim of this paper is to review emerging periodontal therapies in the areas of materials science, growth factor biology and cell/gene therapy. Various such materials have been formulated into devices that can be used as vehicles for delivery of cells, growth factors and DNA. Different mechanisms of drug delivery are addressed in the context of novel approaches to reconstruct and engineer oral and tooth supporting structure. © Medicina Oral.


Arora A.,MMIMSR Mullana | Mittal A.,MMIMSR Mullana | Pathania D.,MMIMSR Mullana | Singh J.,MMIMSR Mullana | And 2 more authors.
Indian Journal of Community Health | Year: 2013

Background: This study was undertaken to assess the impact of health education on knowledge regarding menstruation, misconceptions related to it as the prevalence of RTI is still very high in India. Aims: To study the existing level of status of hygiene, knowledge and practices regarding menstruation among adolescent school girls and to assess the change in their knowledge level and practices after health education. Materials A community-based pre and post interventional study was conducted among 200 adolescents' girls of class IX and X of rural part of district Ambala. Multistage random sampling technique was used to draw the representative sample. A pre-tested questionnaire was administered and later health education regarding menstruation and healthy menstrual practices was imparted to the girls. Post-test was done after 3 months to assess the impact of health education. Pre- and post-intervention, data were compared using the paired t test, z test for proportions, chi-squared test for paired proportions. Difference between Proportions of the pre-post data and its 95% confidence interval has been calculated of the findings. SPSS for Windows software version 20 (IBM, Chicago, USA) have been used for data analysis. The level of significance has been considered at p value < 0.05. Results: In the pre-test, menstrual perceptions amongst them were found to be poor and practices incorrect while in the post-test, there was a significant difference in the level of knowledge (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in pre and post-test with regard to restrictions followed during menses (P>0.05) while in the post-test preceding health education, significant improvements were observed in their practices. Conclusion: Overall significant improvement was found in knowledge and practices regarding menstruation among adolescent school girls.

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