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Bratislava, Slovakia

Ondriska F.,HPL Ltd Medical Laboratories | Macuhova K.,Mlynska dolina | Melicherova J.,Mlynska dolina | Reiterova K.,Slovak Academy of Sciences | And 3 more authors.
Helminthologia (Poland) | Year: 2013

The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of toxocariasis in Bratislava and smaller towns in western Slovakia. During 2006-2011, sand samples collected from 121 sandpits were investigated: 63 sandpits were from Bratislava City and 58 from sandpits in towns outside Bratislava (Malacky, Pezinok Stupava). In Bratislava, 27% of examined sandpits were contaminated with Toxocara spp. eggs. In smaller towns eggs of Toxocara spp. were found from three sandpits (6.8 %) of Pezinok and Stupava only. In Malacky, no faeces and no eggs were found in any sandpits. Faecal samples of 1436 dogs and 263 cats were investigated. T. canis eggs were found in the faeces of 16.5 % dogs and T. cati in 18.6 % of examined cats. Toxocariasis of dogs was significantly higher in smaller towns such as the city Bratislava (χ2 = 10.88 for P ≤ 0.001). The difference in prevalence of T. cati in cats bred in Bratislava and outside Bratislava was not confirmed (P ≤ 0.05). 382 pregnant women were examined by ELISA. Anti-Toxocara antibodies were detected in 32 women (8.4 %). The difference in seroprevalence of women coming from Bratislava (6.6 %) and smaller towns outside Bratislava (11.0 %) was not statistically significant (χ2 = 1.6; P ≤ 0.05). © 2013 Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien.

Simonovicova A.,Mlynska dolina | Novakova A.,Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic | Pangallo D.,Slovak Academy of Sciences | Hnatova V.,Mlynska dolina | And 2 more authors.
Biologia (Poland) | Year: 2014

Strains of Trichophaea abundans (Ascomycota, Pezizales, Pyrenomycetaceae) were isolated from Haplic Cambisol, Haplic Cambisol (Eutric), Litic Leptosol (Sceletic), Haplic Umbrisol, and Fulvic Andosol soils in Slovakia and from Rendzic Leptosol, Chernozem, Cambisol, drilosphere, and feacal pelets of the earthworm Allolobophora hrabei collected in southern Moravia. The Slovak soils markedly differ in pH, from extremely acidic (pHH2O 3.9) to weakly alkaline (pHH2O 7.4). T. abundans appeared as a post-burn species on Haplic Cambisol, which experienced a wildfire after a windthrow event (November 2004). In Moravia T. abundans was also isolated from sites situated in southern slopes, from time and time they affected by fires. We also note the growth of T. abundans on the surface of Fulvic Andosol after gradual heating in the lab to temperatures reaching 105°C. These findings confirmed by a review of the literature, indicate that T. abundans belongs to the group of heat-resistant fungi appearing in soils regularly influenced by the fire or grass calcining. © 2013 Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien.

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