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Hautman E.R.,MLC 7044 Cincinnati Childrens Research Foundation | Hautman E.R.,University of Cincinnati | Kokenge A.N.,MLC 7044 Cincinnati Childrens Research Foundation | Kokenge A.N.,University of Cincinnati | And 8 more authors.
Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease

Creatine transporter (CrT) deficiency (CTD) is an X-linked disorder characterized by intellectual disability and speech delay. There have been reports that show female carriers have clinical symptoms. We have created CrT knockout (CrT-/y) mice in which males show severe cognitive deficits as a model of this disorder. The purpose of this study was to examine if the female carrier mice show cognitive deficits. Reductions in Cr levels as well as CrT transcript were observed in the brains of the female CrT+/- mice. CrT+/- mice show hyperactivity and increased latency to find the cued platform in the Morris water maze (MWM). CrT+/- female mice showed deficits in MWM hidden platform acquisition but not during reversal testing. Memory deficits on probe trials were observed during both phases. Novel object recognition memory and contextual fear memory were not affected in female CrT+/- mice. Female CrT+/- mice show moderate cognitive deficits, which is consistent with some of the human data. Female CrT+/- mice could prove to be beneficial in further understanding CTD and testing therapeutic approaches. © 2013 SSIEM and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. Source

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