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Tsuboyama-Kasaoka N.,National Institute of Health and Nutrition | Hoshi Y.,Miyagi prefectural Government | Hoshi Y.,Kesennuma Public Health Center | Onodera K.,Kesennuma City Office | And 2 more authors.
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Year: 2014

The Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011 left many evacuees with insufficient food and emergency shelter. However, there is no evidence concerning the factors affecting dietary circumstances in emergency shelters after disasters. To clarify the factors that influenced the provision of meals, we reanalyzed a data set from a dietary survey conducted in emergency shelters one month after the Great East Japan Earthquake (2011). Among the 69 shelters in "city A," 53 (79.1%) had food shortages. The possibility of cooking in the emergency shelter improved the provision of meals to evacuees. When comparing emergency shelters with and without cooking equipment, the shelters with cooking equipment provided more meals, as well as more dishes containing grains and vegetables. When there was a gas supply, the twice per day provision of "balanced" meals (containing grains, vegetables, and meat/fish) was more frequent than when there was no gas supply. Interestingly, neither the water supply nor the electricity supply affected the provision of balanced meals. Further, emergency shelters with larger numbers of evacuees had a lower possibility of cooking and lower availability of gas supply. Our results demonstrate that early improvements to post-disaster meal provision may maintain the health of evacuees. Such improvements could be achieved by 1) the speedy restoration of the gas supply to enable cooking, and 2) limiting the number of evacuees per emergency shelter. Source


Tomita S.,Tohoku University | Tran N.H.,Tohoku University | Miyake Y.,Tohoku University | Komatsu K.,Tohoku University | And 7 more authors.
Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference Proceedings, APMC | Year: 2010

For realizing over 2 Gbit/s transmission rate at portable terminals, we propose Advanced Kiosk Model (AKM) of 60 GHz band indoor multipath condition with hand tremor. In the AKM, coverage and bit error rate (BER) are defined as 10 m and 1 × 105 or less, respectively. Environment of multipath with Doppler effect by hand tremor causes serious inter-symbol interference (ISI). In this paper, we evaluate influence of hand tremor at 60 GHz communication systems. Measurements of relative amplitude with 2 path environment are well matched to simulation results. Simulation results show hand tremor cause serious ISI. Due to ISI, large degradation of BER performance is occurred every 1 ms periodically. Therefore, it is strongly necessary to consider influence of hand tremor with multipath environment for designing of 60 GHz-band wireless communication system. © 2010 IEICE Institute of Electronics Informati. Source


Suga Y.,Miyagi prefectural Government | Koshimura S.,Tohoku University | Kobayashi E.-I.,Kobe University
Journal of Disaster Research | Year: 2013

Drifting ship due to tsunami inundation flow may cause additional damage in harbor area. Many drifting ships were found in the 2011 Great East Japan earthquake tsunami and these caused various problems (damage of ships themselves, striking other structures and obstacle for restoration). In this sense, it is very important for disaster prevention to predict the drifting motion of a large ship by tsunami current. This study aims to simulate the drifting motion of ships by the 2011 Tohoku earthquake tsunami in Kesennuma harbor, Miyagi Prefecture. First, we simulated the hydrodynamic features of the 2011 tsunami by numerical simulation. Secondly, we analyzed the drifting motion of large ships using the result of tsunami numerical simulation. In the analysis, several test cases were conducted by changing parameter and initial position of the ship. Then we verified the results of the ship drifting simulation by comparing with actual grounding position of ships. Throughout the comparisons and verifications, we found the grounding position by the simulation was generally consistent with actual position of ships. Although it is necessary to verify the drifting route of ships, the results suggest that this model is beneficial for future disaster prevention. Source


Kita K.,Forestry Research Institute | Uchiyama K.,Forestry Research Institute | Ichimura Y.,Miyagi prefectural Government | Moriguchi Y.,Niigata University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Forest Research | Year: 2014

The hybrid between Kuril larch (Larix gmelinii var. japonica) and Japanese larch (L. kaempferi) is an important afforestation tree species in Hokkaido, Japan, because of its rapid juvenile growth, straight stem, and resistance to bark gnawing by voles. To produce desirable hybrid seedlings, precise seedling discrimination is essential. However, continuous variations in morphological and phenological traits occur across L. gmelinii var. japonica × L. kaempferi and L. gmelinii var. japonica × L. gmelinii var. japonica seedlings. Therefore, we used DNA markers to verify and improve the morphological and phenological discrimination method. We collected seeds from an interspecific seed orchard and, using chloroplast DNA analysis, we showed that the hybridization rates of 1-year-old seedlings were different between years (2004, 23.2 %; 2005, 53.6 %) and between mother trees (2004, 5.8–39.4 %; 2005, 20.0–81.0 %). Discriminant analyses revealed that the root collar diameter of 2-year-old seedlings, number of sylleptic branches of 2-year-old seedlings, and day of terminal bud set in 1- and 2-year-old seedlings are traits that aid in discriminating hybrid seedlings. The proportions of correctly discriminated individuals were found to be 81.7–88.2 % when using improved phenotypic discrimination methods. These methods adopted traits with high discrimination abilities during discriminant analyses and determined the selection intensity according to the hybridization rate estimated from the DNA markers. In contrast, the proportions of correctly discriminated individuals obtained using the current method were lower, 72.7–78.5 %, because this method was based on seedling height and adopted a constant selection intensity. © 2014, The Japanese Forest Society and Springer Japan. Source


Sakurai M.,Miyagi prefectural Government | Takahashi T.,Miyagi prefectural Government | Ohuchi M.,Miyagi prefectural Government | Terui Y.,Miyagi prefectural Government | And 2 more authors.
Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine | Year: 2016

On March 11, 2011, the Great East Japan Earthquake struck off the northeast coast of Japan. Within an hour of the earthquake, devastating tsunamis swept over the coastal region of the Miyagi Prefecture, facing Pacific Ocean. Accordingly, more than 400,000 residents were forced to stay at evacuation shelters. We investigated the changes in tuberculosis prevalence after the disaster. Annual data for all tuberculosis patients between April 1, 2009 and March 31, 2013 were extracted from the database of the Miyagi Prefectural Government. In the coastal region of Northern Miyagi, the number of tuberculosis patients increased in the post-disaster period (p < 0.001, 9.6 vs.19.1 per 100,000 people), compared to the pre-disaster period. In contrast, its prevalence did not change in the inland region of Northern Miyagi and the coastal and inland regions of Southern Miyagi. Importantly, in the inland and coastal regions of Northern Miyagi, the number of patients with latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) increased in the postdisaster period (p < 0.001). Furthermore, in the coastal shelters, 11 evacuees with the history of contacting tuberculosis patients were diagnosed with LTBI, whereas no cases of LTBI patients were observed in the inland shelters. Thus, staying in the coastal shelters was a risk factor for contracting tuberculosis (OR: 19.31, 95% CI: 1.11-334.80); indeed, twice as many evacuees visited each coastal shelter on April 1, 2011, compared to the inland region. We should prepare the shelters to avoid overcrowding, and long-term observation is required to detect the prevalence of tuberculosis infection. © 2016 Tohoku University Medical Press. Source

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