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Ito S.,Miyagi Cancer Center | Tase T.,Miyagi Cancer Center | Satoh K.,Miyagi Cancer Research Institute | Ueki M.,Miyagi Cancer Center | And 2 more authors.
Pathology International | Year: 2014

In this report, unique endocervical glandular lesions exhibiting gastric differentiation were examined in a patient with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome. The result of the human papillomavirus (HPV) in situ hybridization (ISH) for the hysterectomy specimens was negative, but they demonstrated a papillary mucinous adenocarcinoma at the proximal endocervix continuous to atypical lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia. Both contained MUC6-positive neutral mucin in cytoplasm, and showed different immunoreactivity to p16, Ki-67, and p53. Moreover, they harbored the identical K-RAS gene mutation suggesting that there was a common origin. Somatic K-RAS mutation and defective function of p16 may have been involved in the tumorigenesis of these unusual mucinous neoplasms. © 2014 Japanese Society of Pathology and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd. Source


Tanaka K.,Saga University | Tsuji I.,Tohoku University | Tamakoshi A.,Aichi Medical University | Matsuo K.,Aichi Cancer Center Research Institute | And 13 more authors.
Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2012

Objective: With increased interest in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, its common co-morbid condition, obesity, has recently attracted much attention as a risk factor for liver cancer. Recent studies also suggest that obesity may play a role in the development of liver cancer in alcoholic cirrhosis or viral hepatitis and in the general population. Methods: We systematically reviewed epidemiologic studies on overweight/obesity and liver cancer among Japanese populations. Original data were obtained by searching the MEDLINE (PubMed) and Ichushi databases, complemented by manual searches. The evaluation was performed in terms of the magnitude of association in each study and the strength of evidence ('convincing', 'probable', 'possible' or 'insufficient'), together with biologic plausibility. Results: Among nine cohort studies identified, five (four on patients with chronic liver disease and one on local residents) reported a weak to strong positive association, while four (one on patients with hepatitis B and three on local residents) found no association [summary relative risk for one unit increase in body mass index (kg/m. 2) 1.07, 95% confidence interval 1.03-1.10]. All three case-control studies identified (two on cirrhotic patients and one on atomic bomb survivors) reported a strong positive association (summary relative risk 1.31, 95% confidence interval 1.12-1.53). Overall, the summary relative risk was estimated at 1.13 (95% confidence interval 1.07-1.20), and overweight/obese individuals had a relative risk of 1.74 (95% confidence interval 1.33-2.28) compared with those who had normal/low weight. Conclusions: We conclude that overweight or obesity 'probably' increases the risk of primary liver cancer, to a moderate degree, among the Japanese population. © The Author 2012. Published by Oxford University Press. Source


Kashino I.,Center for Clinical science | Mizoue T.,Center for Clinical science | Mizoue T.,National Center for Global Health and Medicine | Tanaka K.,Saga University | And 17 more authors.
Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2015

Objective: The association between vegetable consumption and colorectal cancer risk remains unclear and may differ by region. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of epidemiologic studies on this issue among the Japanese population. Methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed by searching MEDLINE through PubMed and the Ichushi database for cohort and case-control studies that were published by the end of December 2014. Associations were evaluated based on their magnitude and the strength of the evidence. Meta-analysis was performed by using the random effects model to estimate the summary relative risk with 95% confidence interval according to the study design. The final judgment was made based on a consensus of the research group members with consideration for both epidemiological evidence and biological plausibility. Results: We identified six cohort studies and 11 case-control studies on vegetable intake and colorectal cancer among the Japanese population. Of the cohort studies, one study showed a weak inverse association with colon cancer and another study showed a weak positive association with rectal cancer in men, but other studies found no associations between vegetable consumption and colon and rectal cancers. With regard to case-control studies, one study found a strong inverse association with colon cancer, and three studies showed a weak-to-strong inverse association with rectal cancer. In meta-analysis, the summary relative risk (95% confidence interval) for the highest vs. the lowest categories of vegetable consumption were 1.00 (0.92-1.10) and 0.75 (0.59-0.96) for cohort and case-control studies, respectively. Conclusions: There was insufficient evidence to support an association between intake of vegetables and the risk of colorectal cancer among the Japanese population. © The Author 2015. Source


Wakai K.,Nagoya University | Sugawara Y.,Tohoku University | Tsuji I.,Tohoku University | Tamakoshi A.,Hokkaido University | And 17 more authors.
Cancer Science | Year: 2015

International reviews have concluded that consumption of fruit and vegetables might decrease the risk of lung cancer. However, the relevant epidemiological evidence still remains insufficient in Japan. Therefore, we performed a pooled analysis of data from four population-based cohort studies in Japan with >200 000 participants and >1700 lung cancer cases. We computed study-specific hazard ratios by quintiles of vegetable and fruit consumption as assessed by food frequency questionnaires. Summary hazard ratios were estimated by pooling the study-specific hazard ratios with a fixed-effect model. In men, we found inverse associations between fruit consumption and the age-adjusted and area-adjusted risk of mortality or incidence of lung cancer. However, the associations were largely attenuated after adjustment for smoking and energy intake. The significant decrease in risk among men remained only for a moderate level of fruit consumption; the lowest summary hazard ratios were found in the third quintile of intake (mortality: 0.71, 95% confidence interval 0.60-0.84; incidence: 0.83, 95% confidence interval 0.70-0.98). This decrease in risk was mainly detected in ever smokers. Conversely, vegetable intake was positively correlated with the risk of incidence of lung cancer after adjustment for smoking and energy intake in men (trend P, 0.024); the summary hazard ratio for the highest quintile was 1.26 (95% confidence interval 1.05-1.50). However, a similar association was not detected for mortality from lung cancer. In conclusion, a moderate level of fruit consumption is associated with a decreased risk of lung cancer in men among the Japanese population. © 2015 The Authors. Source


Shimazu T.,Research Center for Cancer Prevention and Screening | Wakai K.,Nagoya University | Tamakoshi A.,Hokkaido University | Tsuji I.,Tohoku University | And 20 more authors.
Annals of Oncology | Year: 2014

Background: Prospective evidence is inconsistent regarding the association between vegetable/fruit intake and the risk of gastric cancer. Methods: In an analysis of original data from four population-based prospective cohort studies encompassing 191 232 participants, we used Cox proportional hazards regression to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of gastric cancer incidence according to vegetable and fruit intake and conducted a meta-analysis of HRs derived from each study. Results: During 2 094 428 person-years of follow-up, 2995 gastric cancer cases were identified. After adjustment for potential confounders, we found a marginally significant decrease in gastric cancer risk in relation to total vegetable intake but not total fruit intake: the multivariate-adjusted HR (95% CI; P for trend) for the highest versus the lowest quintile of total vegetable intake was 0.89 (0.77-1.03; P for trend = 0.13) among men and 0.83 (0.67-1.03; P for trend = 0.40) among women. For distal gastric cancer, the multivariate HR for the highest quintile of total vegetable intake was 0.78 (0.63-0.97; P for trend = 0.02) among men. Conclusion(s): This pooled analysis of data from large prospective studies in Japan suggests that vegetable intake reduces gastric cancer risk, especially the risk of distal gastric cancer among men. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology. All rights reserved. Source

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