Nakamaru Y.,Mitsubishi Group |
Hayashi Y.,Mitsubishi Group |
Sekine M.,Mitsubishi Group |
Kinoshita S.,Clinical Data |
And 6 more authors.
Clinical Therapeutics | Year: 2014
Objective The aim of this study was to examine the effect of ketoconazole, a potent cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 and P-glycoprotein (P-gp) inhibitor, on teneligliptin pharmacokinetics and to evaluate the safety of combined administration of teneligliptin with ketoconazole. Methods This open-label, fixed-sequence study was conducted in 16 healthy adult volunteers in Germany. On day 1, under fasting conditions, 20 mg of teneligliptin was administered to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of teneligliptin alone. For 3 days (days 8-10), 400 mg of ketoconazole was administered once daily. On day 11, teneligliptin 20 mg and ketoconazole 400 mg were concurrently administered, and for 2 days (days 12 and 13), ketoconazole was administered once daily. The pharmacokinetic parameters (Cmax, Tmax, AUC, terminal t, apparent total plasma clearance, and Vd during the terminal phase) of teneligliptin on days 1 and 11 were calculated. The safety profile was evaluated based on adverse events and clinical findings. To investigate the role of human P-gp in membrane permeation of teneligliptin, an in vitro study was performed to measure the transcellular transport of teneligliptin across monolayers of human P-gp-expressing cells and control cells. Results For Cmax and AUC, the geometric least squares mean ratios (90% CIs) of teneligliptin with ketoconazole to teneligliptin alone were 1.37 (1.25-1.50) and 1.49 (1.39-1.60), respectively. There was no change in t of the terminal elimination phase. In addition, the tolerability of teneligliptin coadministered with ketoconazole was acceptable. The in vitro study revealed corrected efflux ratios for teneligliptin of 6.81 and 5.27 at teneligliptin concentrations of 1 and 10 μM, respectively. Conclusions Because the exposure to teneligliptin in combined administration with ketoconazole, a potent CYP3A4 and P-gp inhibitor, was less than twice that of administration of teneligliptin alone, it is suggested that combined administration of teneligliptin with drugs and foods that inhibit CYP3A4 should not cause a marked increase in exposure. The results of our in vitro study suggest that teneligliptin is a substrate of P-gp. Clinical Trial Registration: EudraCT No. 2009-016652-51. © 2014 Elsevier HS Journals, Inc.
Takei K.,Mitsubishi Group |
Dale S.,Mitsubishi Pharma Europe Ltd. |
Charles H.,Charles River Associates |
Sasaki A.,Mitsubishi Group |
Nakajima S.,Mitsubishi Group
Clinical Pharmacokinetics | Year: 2010
Background and Objectives: Colestilan, an anion-exchange resin binding both phosphate and bile-acid anions, is under development for the treatment of hyperphosphataemia and dyslipidaemia, which occur in the majority of end-stage renal disease patients. This study using 14C-colestilan was conducted to investigate the absorption and excretion of colestilan in humans. Methods: Following a 28-day run-in period with administration of colestilan 3 g three times daily, 12 subjects received a single oral dose of 14C- colestilan 100mg (approximately 4.0 MBq) and colestilan 3 g under fasted conditions on the morning of day 1. A total of 9 g of colestilan was administered three times daily on days 1-4. Total radioactivity levels in whole blood (at 4, 8, 12 and 24 hours and then at 24-hour intervals) and in the urine and faeces (from 0 to 24 hours and then at 24-hour intervals) were monitored up to 216 hours postdose (day 10). Results: Total radioactivity measured in all whole-blood samples was below the lower limit of quantification (0.025 mg equivalent of 14C-labelled colestilan/mL of whole blood). Total radioactivity assessed in all urine samples was also below the lower limit of quantification (μ0.003 mg equivalent/mL for urine), except at 0-24 hours postdose, when 0.01% of the radioactive dose was excreted by all subjects. This level was below the predetermined water soluble impurity level of 0.04%. The mean cumulative excretion of total radioactivity in the faeces was 99.66% by 216 hours postdose, excluding one subject with incomplete collection of faecal samples. Conclusion: These results demonstrate that colestilan is not absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and is completely excreted in the faeces. © 2010 Adis Data Information BV. All rights reserved.
Nakamaru Y.,Mitsubishi Group |
Hayashi Y.,Mitsubishi Group |
Ikegawa R.,Mitsubishi Group |
Kinoshita S.,Mitsubishi Group |
And 8 more authors.
Xenobiotica | Year: 2014
1. The absorption, metabolism and excretion of teneligliptin were investigated in healthy male subjects after a single oral dose of 20mg [ 14C]teneligliptin. 2. Total plasma radioactivity reached the peak concentration at 1.33h after administration and thereafter disappeared in a biphasic manner. By 216h after administration, 90% of the administered radioactivity was excreted, and the cumulative excretion in the urine and faeces was 45.4% and 46.5%, respectively. 3. The most abundant metabolite in plasma was a thiazolidine-1-oxide derivative (designated as M1), which accounted for 14.7% of the plasma AUC (area under the plasma concentration versus time curve) of the total radioactivity. The major components excreted in urine were teneligliptin and M1, accounting for 14.8% and 17.7% of the dose, respectively, by 120h, whereas in faeces, teneligliptin was the major component (26.1% of the dose), followed by M1 (4.0%). 4. CYP3A4 and FMO3 are the major enzymes responsible for the metabolism of teneligliptin in humans. 5. This study indicates the involvement of renal excretion and multiple metabolic pathways in the elimination of teneligliptin from the human body. Teneligliptin is unlikely to cause conspicuous drug interactions or changes in its pharmacokinetics patients with renal or hepatic impairment, due to a balance in the elimination pathways. © 2014 Informa UK Ltd.
Ford J.,Dezima Pharma BV |
Ford J.,Xention Ltd |
Lawson M.,Mitsubishi Pharma Europe Ltd |
Fowler D.,Mitsubishi Pharma Europe Ltd |
And 15 more authors.
British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology | Year: 2014
Aims Two double-blind, randomized studies were conducted to assess the tolerability, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of oral TA-8995, a new cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) inhibitor, in healthy subjects. Methods Study 1: Subjects received single doses of TA-8995 or placebo (fasted). Doses were 5, 10, 25, 50 (fed/fasted), 100 and 150 mg (Caucasian males, 18-55 years), 25 mg (Caucasian males, > 65 years and Caucasian females, 18-55 years), 25, 50, 100 and 150 mg (Japanese males, 18-55 years). Study 2: Caucasian males (18-55 years) received 1, 2.5, 10 or 25 mg once daily TA-8995 or placebo for 21-28 days. Blood and urine for pharmacokinetics and/or pharmacodynamics were collected. Tolerability was assessed by adverse events, vital signs, electrocardiograms and laboratory safety tests. Results Peak TA-8995 concentrations occurred approximately 4 h post-dose. Mean half-lives ranged from 81 to 166 h, without an obvious dose relationship. Exposure increased less than proportionally to dose. TA-8995 was not excreted in urine. Following 2.5 to 25 mg once daily dosing, TA-8995 demonstrated nearly complete inhibition of CETP activity (92-99%), increased high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) by 96 to 140% and decreased low density liporotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) by 40% to 53%. There were dose-related increases in apolipoproteins A-1 and E, HDL2-C and HDL3-C, and decreases in apolipoprotein B and lipoprotein A. There was no evidence of significant effects of age, gender, ethnicity or food on pharmacokinetics or pharmacodynamics. All doses were well tolerated. Conclusions TA-8995 is a potent CETP inhibitor and warrants further investigation. © 2014 The British Pharmacological Society.