Maliah S.,Ben - Gurion University of the Negev |
Brafman R.I.,Ben - Gurion University of the Negev |
Karpas E.,CSAIL MIT |
Shani G.,Ben - Gurion University of the Negev
Proceedings International Conference on Automated Planning and Scheduling, ICAPS | Year: 2014
In contingent planning problems, agents have partial information about their state and use sensing actions to learn the value of some variables. When sensing and actuation are separated, plans for such problems can often be viewed as a tree of sensing actions, separated by conformant plans consisting of non-sensing actions that enable the execution of the next sensing action. This leads us to propose a heuristic, online method for contingent planning which focuses on identifying the next useful sensing action. The key part of our planner is a novel landmarks-based heuristic for selecting the next sensing action, together with a projection method that uses classical planning to solve the intermediate conformant planning problems. This allows our planner to operate without an explicit model of belief space or the use of existing translation techniques, both of which can require exponential space. The resulting Heuristic Contingent Planner (HCP) solves many more problems than state-of-the-art, translation-based online contingent planners, and in most cases much faster. Copyright © 2014, Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence.