Mişrātah, Libya
Mişrātah, Libya

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Elbareg A.M.,Misurata University | Essadi F.M.,Misurata Central Hospital | Anwar K.I.,Sina | Elmehashi M.O.,Misurata University
Asian Pacific Journal of Reproduction | Year: 2014

Objective: To assess the value of hysteroscopy in unexplained infertility. Methods: 200 infertile women in whom standard infertility investigations revealed no abnormalities were included in the study between January 2009 and December 2013. All women underwent hysteroscopy for diagnosis and treatment of any uterine lesion which was previously undetected by hysterosalpingography (HSG). Treated women were followed up for one year during which pregnancy rate was determined. As all other causes that contribute to infertility (other than the subtle uterine lesions) were excluded. No other infertility treatment was performed during this period. Results: Of the 200 women studied, hysteroscopy revealed abnormalities in 65 (33%) women. Most uterine abnormalities were mild adhesions, small submucous myomas and polyps and their incidence was greater in women aged ≥ 30 years and women with secondary infertility. The overall pregnancy rate in the treated women within one year of follow up was 46%. Conclusion: As a cause of unexplained infertility, subtle uterine abnormalities are diagnosed only during hysteroscopy and they are relatively common in infertility women. Although the presence of these abnormalities is not detected by the basic investigations for infertility, their correction seems to be necessary when infertility is desired and other infertility causes are excluded. © 2014 Hainan Medical College.

PubMed | University of Salford and Misurata Central Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Year: 2016

Toxoplasma gondii is a parasite that causes significant disease in humans. Toxoplasmosis is normally asymptomatic, unless associated with congenital transmission, or in immunocompromised people. Congenital transmission generally occurs at low frequencies. In this study, we use PCR to investigate possible congenital transmission of T. gondii during pregnancy in a cohort of mothers from Libya.Two hundred and seventy two pregnant women (producing 276 neonates) were recruited to obtain umbilical cord tissue from their neonates at birth; DNA was extracted from that tissue and tested for T. gondii DNA using two specific PCR protocols based on the sag 1 and sag 3 genes.Toxoplasma gondii DNA was detected in the umbilical cord DNA from 27 of the 276 neonates giving a prevalence of 9.9% (95% CI 6.8-13.9%). Compared with more commonly reported rates of congenital transmission of 0.1% of live births, this is high. There was no association of infection with unsuccessful pregnancy.This study shows a high frequency presence of T. gondii DNA associated with neonatal tissue at birth in this cohort of 276 neonates from Libya. Although PCR cannot detect living parasites, there is the possibility that this indicates a higher than usual frequency of congenital transmission.

Elmahashi M.O.,Misurata Central Hospital | Elbareg A.M.,Misurata Central Hospital | Essadi F.M.,Misurata Central Hospital | Ashur B.M.,Misurata Central Hospital | Adam I.,University of Khartoum
BMC Research Notes | Year: 2014

Background: Recurrent miscarriage is a major women's health problem. Aspirin and heparin have been shown to have potentially beneficial effects on trophoblast implantation. However, few published data on this issue are available from developing countries. Methods. An open clinical trial was conducted at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Misurata Teaching Hospital in Libya from January 2009 to December 2010 to investigate the effects of treatment with low dose aspirin (LDA) versus treatment with low-molecular-weight-heparin (LMWH) in combination with LDA on patients with a history of recurrent miscarriages. A total of 150 women were enrolled in the study. Women were eligible for the study if they had a history of three or more consecutive miscarriages. Participants were randomly assigned to receive either LDA (75 mg daily) alone or a combination of LDA and LMWH (75 women per treatment group). The primary outcomes were the rate of miscarriages and live births for each group. Results: Compared with the group who received LDA alone, the combination group had a significantly lower number of miscarriages (22/75 [29%] vs. 43/75 [47%], P < 0.001) and had a significantly higher number of live births (53/75 [71%] vs. 32/75 [42%], P < 0.001). Two preterm infants in the LDA group and three in the combination group were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit. There were no significant differences in the mean (SD) birth weights of neonates born in either group (2955.4 ± 560 vs. 3050 ± 540 g for the LDA and combination groups, respectively, P = 0.444). There were no congenital abnormalities detected in either group. Conclusion: The combination of LDA and LMWH is better than LDA alone for the maintenance of pregnancy in patients with recurrent first trimester miscarriage. Trial registration. NCT01917799. © 2014 Elmahashi et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

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