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Dallas, PA, United States

Misericordia University is a four-year, Catholic, co-educational liberal arts university located on a 100-acre campus in Dallas, Pennsylvania, near the cities of Wilkes-Barre and Scranton. It was founded by the Religious Sisters of Mercy on August 15, 1924. The university offers bachelor's, master's and doctoral degrees as well as post-master's and post-bachelor's certificates.On August 24, 2007 Misericordia achieved university status. It was called College Misericordia prior to August 24, 2007. Wikipedia.

Howland K.,Boston University | Scaler Scott K.,Misericordia University
Reading Teacher | Year: 2016

As school districts nationwide have moved toward data driven intervention, oral reading fluency measures have become a prevalent means to monitor progress by assessing the degree to which a child is becoming a fast (and therefore fluent) reader. This article reviews results of a survey of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) working with children who stutter. The survey found that children on SLP caseloads are being referred for reading services when they do not actually have any trouble with reading fluently, but instead have trouble with any task that involves speaking fluently. The purpose of this article is to outline potential challenges in the use of oral reading fluency measures for children with speech disorders, and to provide practical solutions to those challenges. © 2015 International Literacy Association. Source

Kisenwether J.S.,Misericordia University | Sataloff R.T.,Drexel University
Journal of Voice | Year: 2015

Objectives/Hypothesis. The purpose of this study was to compare microphones of different directionality, transducer type, and cost, with attention to their effects on acoustical measurements of period perturbation, amplitude perturbation, and noise using synthesized sustained vowel samples. Study Design. This was a repeated measures design. Method. Synthesized sustained vowel stimuli (with known acoustic characteristics and systematic changes in jitter, shimmer, and noise-to-harmonics ratio) were recorded by a variety of dynamic and condenser microphones. Files were then analyzed for mean fundamental frequency (fo), fo standard deviation, absolute jitter, shimmer in dB, peak-to-peak amplitude variation, and noise-to-harmonics ratio. Acoustical measures following recording were compared with the synthesized, known acoustical measures before recording. Results. Although informal analyses showed some differences among microphones, and analyses of variance showed that type of microphone is a significant predictor, t-tests revealed that none of the microphones generated different means compared with the generated acoustical measures. Conclusion. In this sample, microphone type, directionality, and cost did not have a significant effect on the validity of acoustic measures. © 2015 The Voice Foundation. Source

Mailloux C.,Misericordia University
The Pennsylvania nurse | Year: 2011

IPE summits can be used as a mechanism to have students from multiple disciplines explore ethical issues, define professional roles and responsibilities, and encourage interdisciplinary discussion. Students can be facilitated in this process through questions related to each member's role and scope of practice. The goals for students participating in these types of activities are to expand the students' knowledge of other health professions and to promote interprofessional understanding of other health professionals' roles and responsibilities to patient care. It is hopeful that students will reflect upon the identification of healthcare professional roles and responsibilities and use such opportunities to collaborate in ways to improve patient outcomes. Source

Scaler Scott K.,Misericordia University
International journal of language & communication disorders / Royal College of Speech & Language Therapists | Year: 2014

In recent years, there has been increased identification of disfluencies in individuals with autism, but limited examination of disfluencies in the school-age range of this population. We currently lack information about whether the disfluencies of children with autism represent concomitant stuttering, normal disfluency, excessive normal disfluency, or some form of disfluency unique to the school-age population of children with autism. This paper explores the nature of disfluencies in school-aged children with autism in comparison with matched children who stutter and controls. It explores stuttering-like disfluencies, non-stuttering-like disfluencies and word-final disfluencies. This study compared disfluency patterns in 11 school-aged children with Asperger's syndrome (AS), 11 matched children who stutter (CWS), and 11 matched children with no diagnosis (ND). Analyses were based on speech samples collected during an expository discourse task. Results reveal statistically significant differences between children with AS and CWS and between children with AS and those with ND for the percentage of words containing stuttering-like disfluencies. In the AS group, four out of 11 (36%) met the common diagnostic criteria for a fluency disorder. Disfluencies in the AS group differed qualitatively and quantitatively from the CWS, and included a larger distribution of word-final disfluencies. This study provides initial data regarding patterns of disfluency in school-aged children with AS that, with careful consideration and the cautious application of all findings, can assist therapists in making more evidence-based diagnostic decisions. Findings offer evidence that when working with children with AS, disfluencies both similar and dissimilar to those of CWS may be identified in at least a subset of those with AS. Therefore, children with AS should be screened for fluency disorders during their initial evaluation and treated if it is determined that the fluency disorder negatively impacts the effectiveness of communication. © 2013 Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists. Source

Freeman F.,University of California at Irvine | Adesina I.T.,University of California at Irvine | La J.L.,University of California at Irvine | Lee J.Y.,University of California at Irvine | Poplawski A.A.,Misericordia University
Journal of Physical Chemistry B | Year: 2013

Equilibrium and molecular structures, relative energies of conformers of gaseous cysteine (Cys, C, Cys-SH) and gaseous cysteine sulfenic acid (Cys-SOH), and the mechanisms of the reaction of Cys-SOH with 3-hydroxy-5,5-dimethyl-2- cyclohexen-1-one, the enol tautomer of 5,5-dimethyl-1,3-cyclohexadione (dimedone), have been studied using BD(T), CCSD(T), and QCISD(T) with the cc-pVTZ basis set and using MP2 and the density functionals B3LYP, B3PW91, PBE1PBE, PBEh1PBE, M062X, CAM-B3LYP, and WB97XD with the 6-311+G(d,p) basis set. The structures of the six lowest energy conformers of gaseous Cys-SOH are compared with the six lowest energy conformers of gaseous cysteine (Cys-SH). The relative stability of the six lowest energy conformers of Cys-SH and Cys-SOH are influenced by the interplay among many factors including dispersive effects, electronic effects, electrostatic interactions, hydrogen bonds, inductive effects, and noncovalent interactions. The mechanism of the addition of the lowest energy conformer of cysteine sulfenic acid (Cys-SOH) to dimedone may proceed through a six-membered ring transition state structure and through cyclic hydrogen-bonded transition state structures with one water molecule (8-membered ring), with two water molecules (10-membered ring), and with three water molecules (12-membered ring). Inclusion of one and two water molecules in the transition state structures lowers the activation barrier, whereas inclusion of a third water molecule raises the activation barrier. © 2013 American Chemical Society. Source

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