Monden M.,Osaka University |
Sakon M.,Nishinomiya Municipal Central Hospital |
Sakata Y.,Misawa City Hospital |
Ueda Y.,Otsuka Pharmaceutical Factory Inc. |
Hashimura E.,Otsuka Pharmaceutical Factory Inc.
Hepatology Research | Year: 2012
Aim: The efficacy and safety of 5-fluorouracil arterial infusion+interferon therapy (FAIT) was evaluated in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with a high degree of vascular invasion associated with poor prognosis, using best salvage therapy (BST) as a reference group. Methods: Sixty-nine patients with advanced HCC with a high degree of vascular invasion (Vp3, Vp4, Vv3) were randomly assigned to a FAIT group or a BST group. The FAIT group received interferon-α and 5-fluorouracil combination therapy; the BST group received either combination therapy of cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (low-dose FP therapy) or cisplatin for arterial infusion. Results: Thirty patients in the FAIT group and 31 patients in the BST group were included in the efficacy analysis. The response rate (primary endpoint) was 26.7% (eight out of 30 patients) for the FAIT group and 25.8% (eight out of 31) for the BST group. The number of occurrences of adverse events of grade 3 or higher was 115 in 30 patients in the FAIT group and 113 in 29 patients in the BST group. None of the deaths were related to the study therapy. Conclusions: FAIT exerts modest antitumor effects and poses no particular safety concerns. FAIT may be a strategy of choice worth trying for advanced HCC with high degree of vascular invasion, which is associated with poor prognosis. © 2011 The Japan Society of Hepatology.
Kobayashi W.,Hirosaki University |
Teh B.G.,Misawa City Hospital |
Kimura H.,Hirosaki University |
Kakehata S.,Hirosaki University |
And 2 more authors.
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery | Year: 2015
Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to compare the incidence of osteoradionecrosis between superselective intra-arterial chemoradiotherapy and intravenous chemoradiotherapy and to verify the risk factors for osteoradionecrosis. Materials and Methods: Of the 79 patients with oral cancer, 40 were treated with intra-venous chemoradiotherapy and 39 were treated with superselective intra-arterial chemoradiotherapy. The incidence of, and risk factors for, osteoradionecrosis were evaluated using statistical analysis. Results: Of the 79 patients, 4 (10%) of 40 in the intravenous chemoradiotherapy and 7 (17.9%) of 39 in the superselective intra-arterial chemoradiotherapy group developed osteoradionecrosis of the jaw. No significant difference was found between the 2 groups. Although the chemoradiotherapy methods, anatomic tumor location, smoking behavior, alcohol consumption, condition of teeth, teeth extraction before radiation, and progression of dental caries were considered predisposing factors for the occurrence of osteoradionecrosis, only progressive dental caries resulted in a significant difference for osteoradionecrosis. Conclusions: The present study is the first report comparing the incidence of osteoradionecrosis between superselective intra-arterial chemoradiotherapy and intravenous chemoradiotherapy. The administration methods of anticancer drugs were not related to the incidence of osteoradionecrosis in our study. From our study, dental caries is the most important risk factor for osteoradionecrosis; therefore, a radiation caries prevention program is crucial to control osteoradionecrosis. © 2015 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons.
Yokoyama Y.,Hirosaki University |
Futagami M.,Hirosaki University |
Watanabe J.,Hirosaki University |
Sakuraba A.,Aomori General Health Examination Center |
And 3 more authors.
Human Cell | Year: 2016
We incorporated liquid-based cytology (LBC) in population-based screening for cervical cancer. The usefulness of using LBC in mass screening for cervical cancer was examined. From 2009 to 2014, 157,061 individuals underwent mass screening for cervical cancer in Aomori Prefecture. From 2009 to 2011, cells were collected from 82,218 individuals and the specimens were conventionally prepared (CP). From 2012 to 2014, cells were collected from 74,843 individuals and the specimens were prepared using LBC (TACAS™). Cytology results for the 2 sets of specimens were compared and differences in cytologic features were examined. ASC-US and more severe lesions were detected at a rate of 1.13 % by CP and 1.44 % by LBC, so LBC had a 1.3-fold higher rate of detection. LBC had a 1.6-fold higher rate of LSIL detection and a 1.2-fold higher rate of HSIL detection. CP detected cancer in 20 cases at a rate of 0.024 % while LBC detected cancer in 18 cases at a rate of 0.024 %. Cytodiagnosis of the 18 cases of SCC that LBC identified revealed that 7 were SCC, 8 were HSIL, and 3 were ASC-H. Atypical cells tended to be smaller with TACAS™. LBC reduced the time needed for microscopic examination of a single specimen by 42 % in comparison to CP. LBC using TACAS™ allowed the detection of slight lesions and slight changes in cells. LBC can lessen the burden on medical personnel and may lead to improved accuracy. © 2016 Japan Human Cell Society and Springer Japan
Yamaguchi K.,Saitama Cancer Center Hospital |
Watanabe T.,University of Tokyo |
Satoh T.,Kinki University |
Satoh T.,Osaka University |
And 5 more authors.
Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2014
Objective: Infusion reactions are common adverse reactions associated with antibody preparations. However, no studies have examined the time to onset of serious infusion reactions after administering cetuximab. We aimed to investigate the timing and severity of IRs affecting Japanese patients after administration of cetuximab. Methods: Study subjects were identified from a nationwide prospective registry of 2126 metastatic colorectal cancer patients scheduled to receive cetuximab. Infusion reactions were examined in 2006 patients with adequate safety data. Results: Infusion reactions of any grade occurred in 114 patients (5.7%), including Grade 3-4 infusion reactions in 22 patients (1.1%). Premedications were antihistamine plus corticosteroid (88.9% of patients with infusion reactions), antihistamine alone (9.2%) or corticosteroid alone (1.1%). In 95 patients (83.3%), infusion reactions occurred after the first dose. Twenty of the 22 Grade 3-4 infusion reactions occurred within 1 h of the first dose (the timing of the infusion reaction was unknown in one patient while another infusion reaction occurred after the fourth dose). Infusion reactions resolved in 111/114 patients (97.4%) while one patient recovered with sequelae, one patient died and one patient failed to recover within the follow-up period. Thirteen patients (15.7% of patients with infusion reactions) with Grade 1-2 infusion reactions showed recurrence after readministration of cetuximab; the recurrent infusion reactions were less severe than the initial reactions. Conclusions: Grade 3-4 infusion reactions occurred in 1.1% of colorectal cancer patients, and most occurred within 1 h of receiving the first dose of cetuximab. Therefore, patients should be carefully observed following cetuximab infusion, especially during the first hour after the first infusion. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press.
A randomized Phase III trial of weekly or 3-weekly doses of nab-paclitaxel versus weekly doses of Cremophor-based paclitaxel in patients with previously treated advanced gastric cancer (ABSOLUTE Trial)
Koizumi W.,Kitasato University |
Morita S.,Kyoto University |
Sakata Y.,Misawa City Hospital
Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2015
Paclitaxel is an agent widely used in second-line chemotherapy for advanced gastric cancer. The aim of this trial is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of 3-weekly or weekly doses of nanoparticle albuminbound- paclitaxel compared with weekly doses of Cremophor-based paclitaxel in patients with unresectable or recurrent gastric cancer refractory to first-line chemotherapy comprising fluoropyrimidines. A total of 730 patients will be enrolled from 72 institutions. The primary endpoint is the overall survival, and the secondary endpoints are progression-free survival, time to treatment failure, overall response rate, disease control rate, quality of life (by using the EQ-5D system) and safety. © The Author 2014.