News Article | April 17, 2017
The UK 5*StarS consortium, which partners HORIBA MIRA, Ricardo, Roke, Thatcham Research and Axillium Research, will receive grant funding from the UK’s innovation agency, Innovate UK, to launch the Automotive Cyber Security through Assurance project. The project will address the increased threat from cybersecurity with the proliferation of connected and autonomous road vehicles. Following its successful bid to secure funding, the consortium will research and develop an innovative assurance methodology to assure that connected autonomous vehicles components and systems have been designed and tested to the relevant cyber security standards throughout their whole lifecycle. The ultimate aim of the consortium is to develop a 5-star-type consumer rating framework, analogous to existing EuroNCAP type ratings for vehicle safety. This project is a major step forward in not only clarifying the risks associated with connected autonomous vehicles for the insurance industry, but also in increasing consumer confidence. The project will also help to realize the commercial opportunity connected autonomous vehicles bring for the UK, and we’re delighted to lead a consortium of global players capable of addressing this major emerging challenge.
Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Collaborative Research & Development | Award Amount: 1.84M | Year: 2014
This project will deliver a production-feasible waste heat recovery system for urban commercial vehicles, which offers life-cycle CO2 savings of up to 40%, fuel savings up to almost 50%, and potential payback in less than three years. The project uses the Dearman Engine, a high efficiency liquid-air expander that uniquely harvests low grade heat sources and is most effective in urban duty cycles, working with the internal combustion engine as a hybrid. In so doing, more efficient and less transient ICE operation is realised, leading not only to higher efficiency but to potential for improved air quality or simplified aftertreatment. The technology uses readily available materials with low embedded carbon, and operates with commercially available liquid nitrogen which is already produced using off-peak electricity and has great potential for storing “wrong-time” renewables. Bringing together expertise in the Dearman system, industrial gases, IC engines, vehicle systems, legislation and standards and manufacturing, the consortium will advance TRL, MRL and develop an exploitation plan. This will be achieved through an on vehicle demonstration of the system alongside a process of engaging the potential supply, demand and legislative chains. The project creates significant UK advantage in a future urban medium/heavy duty vehicle market of over 3 million units per year.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: GC-ICT-2011.6.8 | Award Amount: 2.92M | Year: 2012
To achieve the aims of reducing energy consumption and CO2 emissions, Fully Electric Vehicle (FEV) needs to reach significant market shares. However, the advent of FEVs in mass production presents new challenges to automotive manufacturers due to the immaturity of the new building blocks, which can reduce FEVs safety and reliability. Among them, is the electric powertrain: i.e. electric traction motors and power electronics controller.Another factor to be taken into account is electromagnetic interference due to the switching technology of power electronics. Furthermore, power electronics and the circulation of high currents from the battery to the motor will emit additional electromagnetic fields (EMF), including Low Frequency (LF) emissions not covered within the current automotive EMC standards.HEMIS project has two major objectives. The first one is to design a Prognostic Health Monitoring System (PHMS), which will sense key physical characteristics related to the health state of the powertrain and the emitted EMF. Based on this information, the PHMS will be able to provide a failsafe state, enhancing publics confidence on the safety and reliability of FEVs. PHMS will also predict the remaining useful life of the equipment, thus enabling enhanced maintenance and reduction of costs, due to acquired knowledge of failure mechanisms. The result of this multidisciplinary research will be a working prototype.The second objective is to provide the manufactures of FEVs with design guidelines regarding EMC and the impact of EMF (including LF emissions) on human health. The research will also result in EMC/EMF testing guidelines for FEV manufacturers, which are expected to be incorporated as a part of emissions standards. Thus, HEMIS will help to counter fears amongst some sectors of the population about EMF exposure in FEVs.With the proposed approach, HEMIS directly addresses the objective GC-ICT-2011.6.8 ICT for fully electric vehicles g).
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-2012-1 | Award Amount: 1.48M | Year: 2012
Climate change is one of the largest threats facing the world today. At the forefront of combating this issue are low carbon technologies. Recently, HEV (Hybrid Electric Vehicles) have come forward as the most achievable solution of the moment. At present, HEV use expensive Lithium ion and NiM batteries due to their high power to weight ratio. Lead-acid batteries are a cheaper option, but due to their lower power to weight ratio they are not used. The MEMLAB project aims to solve this through the development of lightweight electrodes for use in lead-acid batteries. The project will use state-of-the-art fibre production technology to create titanium and aluminium fibre networks. These will be coated in lead and lead oxide. The objective is to achieve a greater than 50% reduction in the overall weight of a lead-acid battery thereby significantly increasing their power to weight ratio making them a realistic alternative for application in hybrid electric vehicles. In addition to application in the hybrid electric vehicle market, the replacement of standard lead-acid batteries, containing large and heavy quantities of lead, by lightweight lead-acid batteries will also lead to a significant reduction in the polluting effect of road-going vehicles due to the large quantity of vehicles in use. The number of lead-acid batteries currently manufactured in Europe is approximately 70 million per year. The project consortium has been specifically constructed so that the research partners deliver the technical research required by the SME consortium partners. Successful completion of project MEMLAB will significantly strengthen the competitive position of the participating SMEs by both opening new markets, hybrid electric vehicles, and expanding opportunities in existing markets, lead-acid batteries. Furthermore, the project consortium will also seek to identify and evaluate further market applications, for example industrial filtration as well as fuel cells.
Agency: GTR | Branch: EPSRC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 640.79K | Year: 2014
Autonomy is surely a core theme of technology in the 21st century. Within 20 years, we expect to see fully autonomous vehicles, aircraft, robots, devices, swarms, and software, all of which will (and must) be able to make their own decisions without direct human intervention. The economic implications are enormous: for example, the global civil unmanned air- vehicle (UAV) market has been estimated to be £6B over the next 10 years, while the world-wide market for robotic systems is expected to exceed $50B by 2025. This potential is both exciting and frightening. Exciting, in that this technology can allow us to develop systems and tackle tasks well beyond current possibilities. Frightening in that the control of these systems is now taken away from us. How do we know that they will work? How do we know that they are safe? And how can we trust them? All of these are impossible questions for current technology. We cannot say that such systems are safe, will not deliberately try to injure humans, and will always try their best to keep humans safe. Without such guarantees, these new technologies will neither be allowed by regulators nor accepted by the public. Imagine that we have a generic architecture for autonomous systems such that the choices the system makes can be guaranteed? And these guarantees are backed by strong mathematical proof? If we have such an architecture, upon which our autonomous systems (be they robots, vehicles, or software) can be based, then we can indeed guarantee that our systems never intentionally act dangerously, will endeavour to be safe, and will - as far as possible - act in an ethical and trustworthy way. It is important to note that this is separate from the problem of how accurately the system understands its environment. Due to inaccuracy in modelling the real world, we cannot say that a system will be absolutely safe or will definitely achieve something; instead we can say that it tries to be safe and decides to carry out a taskto its best ability. This distinction is crucial: we can only prove that the system never decides to do the wrong thing, we cannot guarantee that accidents will never happen. Consequently, we also need to make an autonomous system judge the quality of its understanding and require it to act taking this into account. We should also verify, by our methods, that the systems choices do not exacerbate any potential safety problems. Our hypothesis is that by identifying and separating out the high-level decision-making component within autonomous systems, and providing comprehensive formal verification techniques for this, we can indeed directly tackle questions of safety, ethics, legality and reliability. In this project, we build on internationally leading work on agent verification (Fisher), control and learning (Veres), safety and ethics (Winfield), and practical autonomous systems (Veres, Winfield) to advance the underlying verification techniques and so develop a framework allowing us to tackle questions such as the above. In developing autonomous systems for complex and unknown environments, being able to answer such questions is crucial.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: GC-SST.2010.7-2.;GC-SST.2010.7-5. | Award Amount: 3.10M | Year: 2011
The project aims at increasing the public confidence in the safety regarding electromagnetic fields (EMF) in the fully electric vehicles (FEV). Public expectations to move towards the electrification of road transport are driven by a multitude of factors and concerns including: climate change, primary energy dependence and public health as well as cost and scarcity of raw materials. Road transport remains the main source of many local noxious emissions including benzene, 1,3-butadiene, carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particulate matter (PM). Within urban areas, the noxious emissions due to road transport are particularly high. There is a growing body of evidence linking vehicle pollutants to severe health effects such as respiratory and cardio-pulmonary diseases and lung cancer. In general according to the World Health Organization the emissions from car exhausts are responsible for more deaths than road accidents. On the other hand, there is widespread public concern regarding the possible adverse effects of electromagnetic fields (EMF). Thus, there is a need to avoid the spread of panic or unjustified fears that would delay the enormous and crucial economic and environmental benefits that the FEV can provide when deployed on a large scale.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: GC-SST.2010.7-4. | Award Amount: 4.01M | Year: 2011
Present-day electric vehicles are typically designed by starting from an existing vehicle platform and designing a storage device (battery pack) to fit the constraints of the existing vehicle. OSTLER is based on the concept of modular storage devices around which an electric vehicle (EV) can be designed. The vehicle designer can select storage capacity to give range in EV mode (e.g. 20 km, 50 km, 100 km) in much the same way as current-generation vehicles are designed around different powertrain packages (e.g. 1.6 litre, 1.8 litre, 2.0 litre). OSTLER will develop novel solutions for mechanical, thermal and electrical integration based around such a modular concept of storage-centric design. The project will further investigate the implications of these integration solution if one or more of the storage packs is removable, and hence evaluate the feasibility of a removable concepts e.g. quick drop or user-changeable packs.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: GC-ICT-2013.6.7 | Award Amount: 1.19M | Year: 2013
Europe has successfully extended its competencies in key enabling technologies for electric mobility in recent years, especially in the field of information and communication technologies, components and systems. Small and medium size companies have played a crucial role as sources of creativity at all stages of the supply chain. Given the new supply chains for electric mobility being established worldwide, many potential target markets are located outside Europe, e.g. in highly innovative regions such as United States, Japan and China or in the emerging countries like India.In light of this situation, a consortium of small and medium size companies and regional clusters, Tier-1 automotive suppliers, and research institutions from all around Europe under the leadership of the European Association of Automotive Suppliers, CLEPA, has developed a proposal for a dedicated Coordination Action entitled Global Opportunities for Small and Medium Size Companies in Electric Mobility (GO4SEM). The comprehensive approach is aimed at giving policy advice e.g. on standardization or education, at spreading awareness of global market trends and opportunities, and at triggering the creation of dedicated professional networks. It shall be based on a thorough analysis of the electric mobility supply chains in the United States, Japan, China and India, and on matching with the competencies of small and medium size companies and regional cluster thereof in Europe.Eventually, the project will lead single European companies to consider an adaption of their dedicated technology to the requirements of electric mobility markets abroad, and to seizing the related economic opportunities. In a broader sense, the project will strengthen the global competitiveness of the European industry being active in the domain of electric mobility by linking the relevant stakeholders, preparing them for, and making them aware of, the opportunities and challenges of the worldwide developments.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: TPT.2012.3-2. | Award Amount: 1.56M | Year: 2012
INTRASME focuses on the changing role, which SMEs have on innovation in the transport sector. SMEs employ approximately 55% of the EU workforce in transport, and their important role in the value chain is expected to increase and change, especially in the emerging Low Carbon Transport (particularly road and air transport) sector, where reduced fuel consumption, reduced emissions and alternative power sources require innovation in a wide range of technology. The rigid value chain of the transport sector is stifling the introduction of innovation by SMEs into new vehicles and transport-related products. SMEs (usually Tier 2 suppliers) find it difficult to interact with vehicle manufacturers, as they generally have short-term supply contracts to Tier 1 companies, who are strongly linked to specific large volume OEMs. Tier 2 SMEs have no collective voice or influence at European level and the EU is not taking advantage of or supporting directly the thriving innovative companies in this sector. INTRASME will address this market failure and focus on the opportunities that new markets offer to innovative and dynamic businesses. Responding to the call for proposals TPT.2012.3-2: Bringing innovative products and services to the market: analysis of pathways and best conditions for innovation, INTRASME addresses the European manufacturing capability offered by SMEs of different EU Regions targeting the main goal of how to bring more efficiently and quicker innovative products and services to the market. The emerging Low Carbon Transport market will be used to examine barriers to innovation and to develop mechanisms to support the innovation potential of SMEs INTRASME brings together key European partners, in the areas of transport innovation. The partners have been selected to provide unrivalled access to national activities and associations on both a national and European level, to support INTRASME knowledge sharing, dissemination and impact.
Agency: GTR | Branch: Innovate UK | Program: | Phase: Collaborative Research & Development | Award Amount: 666.21K | Year: 2012
The integrated project PURE will develop and combine highly innovative technologies to produce a low cost, light weight, small volume, low CO2, highly efficient auxiliary power unit (APU) for low carbon vehicles. The APU will solve range anxiety issues associated with low carbon electric vehicles. This issue alone makes the customer think twice about purchasing an electric car and combined with pricing issues, present a major impediment to market growth. The APU will deliver a solution bespoke to the automotive industry and will initially be configured to fit into a lightweight EV passenger vehicle. The APU will be scalable and can be tailored to address lower and higher power requirements from 25kW to 150kW and beyond.