Ministry of Electricity and Water

Kuwait City, Kuwait

Ministry of Electricity and Water

Kuwait City, Kuwait
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Awad M.K.,Kuwait University | Rafique Y.,Kuwait University | Alhadlaq S.,Ministry of Electricity and Water | Hassoun D.,Australian College of Kuwait | And 2 more authors.
2016 IEEE International Symposium on Signal Processing and Information Technology, ISSPIT 2016 | Year: 2017

We consider the problem of minimizing the routing power consumption in software-defined networks. The network is composed of software-defined networking (SDN) nodes and a central controller where routing decisions are centralized. More specifically, the central controller minimizes the routing power consumption by routing flows on the minimum number of active links with the lowest discrete link rates. Thus, it maximizes the number of inactive links and the level of link rates, which reflects significant saving in power consumption. This problem is a mixed-integer programming problem and known to be NP-hard. Therefore, we propose a low-complexity greedy heuristic to minimize the number of active links and link rates by rerouting flows and aggregating them on common links. Numerical results show that the proposed algorithm achieves 17.18% to 32.97% power saving in real network topologies relative to a base shortest path algorithm. The savings are achieved with minimal increase in average path length that is less than 0.2 hops. © 2016 IEEE.

Zakariya A.J.,Information Technology and Communication Sector | Mulla E.,Ministry of Electricity and Water
Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering | Year: 2015

We propose an integrated microfluidic optical system device design for a monolithic integration of blood plasma analysis in a single step using microfluidic channels on a tri wavelength LED source emitting wavelengths in ultraviolet, infrared and visible. The device is a miniature disposable Lab-on-a-Chip as small as 6x 1.5mm with a blood plasma reservoir volume of 2μl providing instantaneous results. The device is fabricated using minimal lithographic fabrication steps and consists of a microfluidic Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) layer on top of a quantum well (QW) structure. The PDMS layer has three 100μm thick microfluidic channels connected to the 2μl reservoir where the blood plasma is injected. The three microfluidic channels pass over the QW substrate which is micro fabricated to produce three LEDs that emit light in three different wavelengths on a single structure. The LEDs emit light in UV, infrared and visible and can be controlled individually for specific plasma testing or can emit light simultaneously depending on the application. To operate the device, first current is injected into the LEDs to turn on light emission. Light travels within the LED structure and at the same time light is emitted through the surface. Light can be either collected from the top of the device or the output facets by focusing the channels output on a spectrometer to collect the spectra of the device and analyze the output. The device is compact in size and provides fast, low power consumption and cost effective point of care devices with minimal heat output. © 2015 SPIE.

Almazrouee A.,College of Technological Studies | Singh Raman R.K.,Monash University | Al-Fadhalah K.,Kuwait University | Alardhi M.,College of Technological Studies | Alenezi M.,Ministry of Electricity and Water
Engineering Failure Analysis | Year: 2011

Failure analysis investigation was carried out on a ruptured primary superheater tube of a boiler unit in a power plant. The rupture of 1Cr-0.5Mo steel tube had caused steam leakage and led to boiler shutdown after only 17,520. h of operation. The physical and mechanical characteristics of the alloy and the oxide scales in the area of failure were characterized by visual inspection, optical microscopy and microhardness testing, whereas the chemical variations were examined by optical emission spectrometry and energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS). A distinct surface/sub-surface zone of decarburization that was observed both on the inner and outer sides of the tube was developed before the tubes were put to the service. The fracture was attributed to a prolonged overheating as a result of the oxide scale build-up, causing loss of creep strength. The decarburized surface/sub-surface facilitated crack initiation/propagation. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

The power and treated water produced from the plant will be entirely supplied to the country’s national power and water grid, operated by the Kuwait Ministry of Electricity and Water under a 40-year long-term Energy Conversion and Water Purchase Agreement. La Défense, France, 14-Dec-2016 — /EuropaWire/ — ENGIE announces that Azzour North One Independent Water & Power Project (IWPP) has started full commercial operations. The USD 1.7 billion facility is Kuwait’s first independent power and water facility. It has the capacity to generate 10% of Kuwait’s power requirements as peak capacity with 1,539 MW, and 20% of the country’s water generation with 107 million gallons (around 405,000 m3) per day (MIGD). The combined facility of power and water generation represents Kuwait’s most efficient source of electricity. Azzour North One IWPP is owned and operated by Shamal Azzour Al-Oula KSC that is 40% owned by a private consortium comprising ENGIE, Sumitomo Corporation and A.H. Al Sagar & Brothers. The remaining 60% is owned by the Government of Kuwait. The Government of Kuwait is mandated to sell 50% of its ownership to Kuwaiti citizens, through an Initial Public Offering (IPO). The government will retain 10% stake following the IPO. Isabelle Kocher, ENGIE CEO, said: “We are delighted and proud to announce the formal commencement of operations at the Azzour North One power and water plant in Kuwait. This project illustrates the know-how and expertise of our teams to develop such large projects, in a region where we are the leading independent power and desalination water developer and producer. ENGIE owes also this success to the close alignment and cooperation of its project partners, contractors and suppliers.” The power and treated water produced from the plant will be entirely supplied to the country’s national power and water grid, operated by the Kuwait Ministry of Electricity and Water under a 40-year long-term Energy Conversion and Water Purchase Agreement. ENGIE and Sumitomo will undertake the operation and maintenance of the plant on an equal share basis. Azzour North One IWPP is the first stage of the Kuwait’s plan to significantly increase capacity over the coming years, and falls within a larger effort to meet an anticipated peak demand of 25,000 megawatts by 2025. It is part of an overall IWPP located in the Azzour area, which is planned to be developed over five phases, for a total capacity of 4,800 MW of electricity and approximately 280 MIGD (around 1.1 million m3 per day) of desalinated water. Electricity and water are to be tendered over a period of four to six years to meet a projected rapid increase in electricity demand (+ 7.6% per annum until 2020) against the backdrop of fast economic growth. ENGIE is the leading independent power and desalination water developer and producer in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries, with a total gross portfolio of 30,000 MW of power and over 1,200 million gallons (around 4.5 million m3) per day of desalination water production in operation. About ENGIE ENGIE develops its businesses (power, natural gas, energy services) around a model based on responsible growth to take on the major challenges of energy’s transition to a low-carbon economy: access to sustainable energy, climate-change mitigation and adaptation, and the rational use of resources. The Group provides individuals, cities and businesses with highly efficient and innovative solutions largely based on its expertise in four key sectors: renewable energy, energy efficiency, liquefied natural gas and digital technology. ENGIE employs 154,950 people worldwide and achieved revenues of €69.9 billion in 2015. The Group is listed on the Paris and Brussels stock exchanges (ENGI) and is represented in the main international indices: CAC 40, BEL 20, DJ Euro Stoxx 50, Euronext 100, FTSE Eurotop 100, MSCI Europe, DJSI World, DJSI Europe and Euronext Vigeo (World 120, Eurozone 120, Europe 120 and France 20).

Bourisli R.I.,Kuwait University | Al-Shammeri B.S.,Ministry of Electricity and Water | Alanzi A.A.,Kuwait University
AIP Conference Proceedings | Year: 2012

The least squares method (LSM) is used to optimize the coefficients of a closed-form correlation that predicts the annual energy use of buildings based on key envelope design and thermal parameters. Specifically, annual energy use is related to a number parameters like the overall heat transfer coefficients of the wall, roof and glazing, glazing percentage, and building surface area. The building used as a case study is a previously energy-audited mosque in a suburb of Kuwait City, Kuwait. Energy audit results are used to fine-tune the base case mosque model in the VisualDOE{trade mark, serif} software. Subsequently, 1625 different cases of mosques with varying parameters were developed and simulated in order to provide the training data sets for the LSM optimizer. Coefficients of the proposed correlation are then optimized using multivariate least squares analysis. The objective is to minimize the difference between the correlation-predicted results and the VisualDOE-simulation results. It was found that the resulting correlation is able to come up with coefficients for the proposed correlation that reduce the difference between the simulated and predicted results to about 0.81%. In terms of the effects of the various parameters, the newly-defined weighted surface area parameter was found to have the greatest effect on the normalized annual energy use. Insulating the roofs and walls also had a major effect on the building energy use. The proposed correlation and methodology can be used during preliminary design stages to inexpensively assess the impacts of various design variables on the expected energy use. On the other hand, the method can also be used by municipality officials and planners as a tool for recommending energy conservation measures and fine-tuning energy codes. © 2012 American Institute of Physics.

Ghani S.,Sheffield Hallam University | Al-Deffeeri N.S.,Ministry of Electricity and Water
Desalination | Year: 2010

This paper describes and compares the thermal schemes, thermal efficiency and thermal performance ratios of three different antiscalants (scale inhibitors) of 7.2 MIGPD Multi Stage Flash (MSF) distillers which have operated satisfactorily for an extremely long period. The evaluation tests conducted on the Multi Stage Flash (MSF) distillers revealed that all the examined antiscalants were successful in inhibiting alkaline scale formation and improving plant performance at top brine temperature ranging between 105 °C and 110 °C with respective dosing rates of 1.5 and 3.0 ppm. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Al-Deffeeri N.S.,Ministry of Electricity and Water
Desalination and Water Treatment | Year: 2013

This paper is highly concerned with analytical chemical results which are obtained at Doha West Power Station in Kuwait and summarizes the various chemical techniques that carried out at laboratory to emphasize the quality of distilled water through distillation process of the station such as; pH, specific conductivity, iron, copper, silica, total hardness, and chloride during operation. © 2013 Desalination Publications. All rights reserved.

Al-Fedaghi S.,Kuwait University | Faihan F.,Ministry of electricity and water
International Review of Automatic Control | Year: 2013

The latest progress in industrial control systems is to implement information technology solutions to support such features as administrative control based on network-based information connectivity. This paper focuses on an electrical power grid as a sample of such systems. A fundamental understanding of grid information hierarchy is essential to meet new challenges due to increasing needs of grid efficiency, flexibility, and control, and greater security risks and reliability challenges for large cyber-physical systems. Methods used in visualizing and representing electrical grids are an important tool for achieving comprehension and facilitating control (e.g., UML use cases). The problem is that current high-level representation grids are a heterogeneous mix of diagrams (e.g., UML use cases) flowcharts, graphs, technical drawings, and maps that do not furnish a base on which to discuss the characteristics, uses, behavior, interfaces, requirements, and standards of the grid. This paper proposes a solution in the form of a conceptual diagrammatic specification of grid architecture and applies it to the electric grid in the state of Kuwait. The approach is the skeleton of a method based on generic stages that make up any process and embraces input, processing, creation, and output. It provides a base that can be supplemented with extra notions from various current diagrammatic methods. The results indicate the viability of the proposed method as a foundation for zooming in and out on specifications of the grid in a uniform way. © 2013 Praise Worthy Prize S.r.l. - All rights reserved.

Kotwicki V.,Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research | Al-Otaibi M.,Ministry of Electricity and Water
Management of Environmental Quality | Year: 2011

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present a case study on how drinking water consumption could be potentially reduced by the introduction of dual water distribution networks. Since water of this quality is required only for drinking, cooking, bathing, and washing, delivering such water for uses that require non-drinking water quality represents a tremendous waste of water and energy, and contributes to environmental pollution. Design/methodology/approach: An overview of dual distribution networks in several countries is presented. Kuwait, in which 86 percent of the freshwater network has a parallel brackish water network, is the leader in this field, with brackish water used for a range of outdoor activities. The residential sector is the major consumer of freshwater in Kuwait and the control of demand in this sector will be a key factor in curbing the overall demand, which without any demand management measures is expected to quadruple by 2025. Computer modeling based on existing water use statistics and the proposed phasing-in of a dual distribution network for indoor use in households has been undertaken to determine how the large quantities of reclaimed can be used to reduce drinking water consumption. Findings: The paper presents a modeling exercise that demonstrates that by using reverse osmosis (RO) treated wastewater for toilet flushing and watering the gardens, water consumption demand can be stabilized at present levels over a 20-year period. Originality/value: The paper concludes that with foresight and long-term planning it is feasible to implement a dual water supply network in a major city, on a scale which may lead to saving up to 25 percent of drinking quality water on top of other traditional water conservation measures. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Boutique Renewable Energy Company GLOBAL ENERGY, signs Letter of Intent with the Ministry of Electricity and Water, Federal Republic of Somalia for assessing the opportunity of Development and Investment of Solar PV Projects in the country.

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