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Zhongxing New Village, Taiwan

Tseng C.-M.,Ministry of Transportation and Communications | Chang H.-L.,National Chiao Tung University | Woo T.H.,National Chiao Tung University
Accident Analysis and Prevention | Year: 2013

The purpose of the present study was to verify the motivational factors underlying the theory of planned behavior (TPB) predicting the driving behavior of lifetime driving license revoked offenders. Of a total of 639 drivers whose licenses had been permanently revoked, 544 offenders completed a questionnaire constructed to measure attitudes toward behaviors, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, behavioral intentions (the key constructs of the TPB), and previous driving habit strength. The finding of the study revealed that an offenders' driving behavior after a lifetime license revocation was significantly correlated to behavioral intention (R = 0.60, p < 0.01), perceived behavioral control (R = 0.61, p < 0.01), previous driving habit (R = 0.44, p < 0.01), and attitude (R = 0.41, p < 0.01). There was no evidence that subjective norms including road regulation, society ethics, and people important to offenders had an influence on driving behavior (R = 0.03). Low driving habit strength offenders are motivated to drive because of behavioral intention, whereas strong driving habit strength offenders are motivated to drive because of perceived behavioral control. Previous driving habit strength is a moderator in the intention-behavior relationship. The model appeared successful when previous habits were weak, but less successful when previous habits were strong. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Tseng C.-M.,Ministry of Transportation and Communications
Accident Analysis and Prevention | Year: 2013

This study explored the determinant factors of taxi drivers' speeding violations in Taiwan. Data were gathered from a nation wide survey and included 6923 professional taxi drivers in 2006. The results indicated that 96.6% were males and 92.5% had less than a college level education. Daily working hours were from 2.5 h to 15 h with a mean of 10.12 h. The data also indicated that taxi drivers worked approximately 27.35 days and only took 2.65 days rest per month. Of the observed taxi drivers, 25.6% reported at least one speeding violation in a one-year period. The results of a generalized linear model (GLM) revealed that the determinant factors associating with a taxi driver's speeding violation were not related to gender or educational level. However, age, job experience, operating styles, kilometers driven daily, driving late at night, and monthly off duty days were significantly associated with committing the speeding violations. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Speeding is the most common driving violation and a determinant factor contributing to both the number and severity of accidents. This study explored speeding violations based on a national cohort of 8129 adult male drivers in the one-year period of 2008. The analysis focused on the relationships between self-reported speeding violations and social-economic attributes: age, educational attainment, income level, yearly driving distance and the most frequent driving purpose (major driving purpose such as commuting and leisure or shopping). Of the 8129 observed drivers, 19.1% (1552 drivers) were ticketed at least once for a speeding violation. Drivers aged 40-49 possess the lowest speeding risk (speeding tickets per million kilometers), and both younger and older drivers have relatively higher speeding risk. The results of the logistic regression model revealed that speeding violations were significantly associated with the attributes of age, education, income, yearly driving distance and the most frequent driving purposes. The most frequent driving purposes for business (odds. = 1.930, p= 0.016) and leisure (odds. = 1.566, marginally significant p= 0.096) were associated with a higher speeding risk compared with the most frequent driving purpose for shopping. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Cheng H.-C.,National Taipei University | Chen M.-C.,National Chiao Tung University | Mao C.-K.,Ministry of Transportation and Communications
Industrial Management and Data Systems | Year: 2010

Purpose: The primary aim of this paper is to investigate the evolutionary process and collaboration within Taiwan's cut-flower supply chains. The paper also go on to discuss the enablement of supply chain coordination through information technology (IT) adoption and network effects, as well as performance improvements achieved by the introduction of the wholesale information sharing hotline (WISH) system. Design/methodology/approach: This paper examines the evolutionary process in Taiwan's cut-flower supply chains from a macro-study perspective, based upon primary data obtained from in-depth interviews. The paper also applies multiple regression analyses from a micro-study perspective, in order to gain insights into the evolution of market share within the supply chains, thereby facilitating the investigation of the effectiveness of the WISH system. Findings: The results reveal that the auction houses are heavily dependent upon reliable sources of supply, and that in the earlier stages of the evolutionary process, they played a mediating role in the formulation of auction lines based upon retailer demand through the adoption of the e-auction mechanism. Since then, the operational performance of the auction houses has been improved considerably, with horizontal coordination being supported by information sharing through the WISH system. The network effect is found to have a positive correlation with the number of participants within the system. Originality/value: This paper focuses specifically on the evolutionary process of the cut-flower supply chains in Taiwan, examining the simultaneous achievement of both vertical and horizontal collaboration through the advancement of IT. © 2010 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Source

Yeh M.-S.,Feng Chia University | Tseng C.-M.,Ministry of Transportation and Communications | Liu H.-H.,Feng Chia University | Tseng L.-S.,Feng Chia University
Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour | Year: 2015

Females choosing taxi driving as a career is rare, therefore, investigating such samples is often difficult. Speeding is one of the most common driving violations, however, there has been no research looking into female taxi drivers' speeding issue. This study explores the factors of female taxi drivers' speeding offenses in Taiwan. Data is based on a national survey and includes 235 professional female taxi drivers. The results indicate that female taxi drivers work approximately 27.37 days per month, at a mean of 9.76 h per day. Of the female taxi drivers represented in this study, 22.8% reported at least one speeding offense over a one-year period. The results of a logistic regression model reveal that the determinant factors associated with female taxi drivers' speeding offenses are significantly related to age, educational level and mileage driven. However, job experience, business operating style, and vehicle engine size are not associated with committing speeding offenses. Practical implications for traffic safety of female taxi drivers are also discussed. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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