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Garrote J.,Complutense University of Madrid | Alvarenga F.M.,Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources | Diez-Herrero A.,Geological Survey of Spain
Journal of Hydrology | Year: 2016

The village of Pajares de Pedraza (Segovia, Spain) is located in the floodplain of the Cega River, a left bank tributary of the Douro River. Repeated flash flood events occur in this small village because of its upstream catchment area, mountainous character and impermeable lithology, which reduce concentration time to just a few hours. River overbank flow has frequently caused flooding and property damage to homes and rural properties, most notably in 1927, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2013 and 2014. Consequently, a detailed analysis was carried out to quantify the economic risk of flash floods in peri-urban and rural areas.Magnitudes and exceedance probabilities were obtained from a flood frequency analysis of maximum discharges. To determine the extent and characteristics of the flooded area, we performed 2D hydraulic modeling (Iber 2.0 software) based on LIDAR (1. m) topography and considering three different scenarios associated with the initial construction (1997) and subsequent extension (2013) of a linear defense structure (rockfill dike or levee) to protect the population.Specific stage-damage functions were expressly developed using in situ data collection for exposed elements, with special emphasis on urban-type categories. The average number of elements and their unit value were established. The relationship between water depth and the height at which electric outlets, furniture, household goods, etc. were located was analyzed; due to its effect on the form of the function. Other nonspecific magnitude-damage functions were used in order to compare both economic estimates.The results indicate that the use of non-specific magnitude-damage functions leads to a significant overestimation of economic losses, partly linked to the use of general economic cost data. Furthermore, a detailed classification and financial assessment of exposed assets is the most important step to ensure a correct estimate of financial losses. In both cases, this should include a consideration of the socio-economic and cultural conditions prevailing in the area, as well as the types of flood that affect it. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.


Alvarez J.R.R.,Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources | Alvarez J.R.R.,Rafael Landívar University | Alvarez J.R.R.,Mariano Galvez University of Guatemala | Cabanas W.,University of San Carlos of Guatemala
61st International Astronautical Congress 2010, IAC 2010 | Year: 2010

The use of GPS of geocaching in Guatemala can be an educational experience for schools and universities. There are Universities such as the University Rafael Landivar and the University Mariano Galvez that have the equipment to demonstrate how the GPS works in a geocaching teaching class. The objective of this teaching lesson is to show students how the GPS works in a fun activity. This activity can be beneficial for students who want to work with GPS in the future in their jobs. This paper will show the steps that can be used for this activity in Guatemala as well as the classes given to show the procedure for various schools. The paper will present the results of these activities to the Guatemalan public as well as the IAC congress in Prague in 2010. For Guatemala, there are few or no activities that involve GPS that is why this paper is original.


Gonzalez-Riancho P.,University of Cantabria | Aguirre-Ayerbe I.,University of Cantabria | Garcia-Aguilar O.,University of Cantabria | Medina R.,University of Cantabria | And 6 more authors.
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences | Year: 2014

Advances in the understanding and prediction of tsunami impacts allow for the development of risk reduction strategies for tsunami-prone areas. This paper presents a tsunami vulnerability and risk assessment for the case study of El Salvador, the applied methodology dealing with the complexity and variability of coastal zones by means of (i) an integral approach to cover the entire risk-related process from the hazard, vulnerability and risk assessments to the final risk management; (ii) an integrated approach to combine and aggregate the information stemming from the different dimensions of coupled human and natural systems; and (iii) a dynamic and scale-dependent approach to integrate the spatiotemporal variability considerations. This work also aims at establishing a clear connection to translate the vulnerability and risk assessment results into adequate target-oriented risk reduction measures, trying to bridge the gap between science and management for the tsunami hazard. The approach is applicable to other types of hazards, having been successfully applied to climate-change-related flooding hazard. © Author(s) 2014.


Gonzalez-Riancho P.,University of Cantabria | Aguirre-Ayerbe I.,University of Cantabria | Aniel-Quiroga I.,University of Cantabria | Abad S.,University of Cantabria | And 6 more authors.
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences | Year: 2013

Advances in the understanding and prediction of tsunami impacts allow the development of risk reduction strategies for tsunami-prone areas. This paper presents an integral framework for the formulation of tsunami evacuation plans based on tsunami vulnerability assessment and evacuation modelling. This framework considers (i) the hazard aspects (tsunami flooding characteristics and arrival time), (ii) the characteristics of the exposed area (people, shelters and road network), (iii) the current tsunami warning procedures and timing, (iv) the time needed to evacuate the population, and (v) the identification of measures to improve the evacuation process. The proposed methodological framework aims to bridge between risk assessment and risk management in terms of tsunami evacuation, as it allows for an estimation of the degree of evacuation success of specific management options, as well as for the classification and prioritization of the gathered information, in order to formulate an optimal evacuation plan. The framework has been applied to the El Salvador case study, demonstrating its applicability to site-specific response times and population characteristics. © Author(s) 2013.


News Article | November 21, 2016
Site: www.prnewswire.co.uk

SUZHOU, China, Nov. 21, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- GCL System Integration Technology Co., Ltd. (GCL-SI) , (Shenzhen: 002506), a subsidiary of the world's leading energy group GCL, recently announced the cooperation with China National Complete Engineering Corporation (CCEC) in the Chernobyl PV plant project. To help rebuild the "exclusion zone" with solar power thirty years after the Chernobyl accident marks another important move of GCL-SI toward global market. The 1986 explosion and meltdown in Chernobyl released vast quantities of radiation, contaminating approximately 30 km2 of land with fallout. The Ukrainian government now aims to give a new renewable life to the exclusion zone. In October, the country's Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources claimed the plan to build a PV plant at Chernobyl. "Its cheap land and abundant sunlight constitute a solid foundation for the project. In addition, the remaining electric transmission facilities are ready for reuse," said Ostap Semerak, Ukraine's minister of environment and natural resources. Two Chinese companies will play significant parts in Chernobyl's revival. Whereas CCEC as the general contractor manages the overall project, GCL-SI offers consultancy and planning service as well as PV facilities to the project. According to GCL-SI, construction of the over 1 GW PV plant is expected to initiate in 2017. Once completed, Chernobyl will re-catch the global attention as a revived site of solar energy. "There will be remarkable social benefits and economical ones as we try to renovate the once damaged area with green and renewable energy. We are glad that we are making joint efforts with Ukraine to rebuild the community for the local people," said Mr. Shu Hua, Chairman of GCL-SI. Regarding GCL-SI's overseas strategy, Mr. Shu further commented, "We have been dedicated to providing integrated solar services and will take diverse approaches this year to drive penetration and achieve global presence. The Chernobyl project is also one of our key steps to approach abroad." GCL System Integration Technology Co., Ltd. (Shenzhen: 002506) (GCL-SI), is part of the GOLDEN CONCORD Group (GCL), an international energy company specializing in clean and sustainable power production, founded in 1990. With global assets worth nearly USD16 billion, GCL achieved module shipment output of over 2GW in 2015, and supplies 29% of the total wafer capacity yield worldwide, representing a 22.2% silicon market share. CCEC is a subsidiary of the National Machinery Industry Corporation (SINOMACH), which is affiliated by the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council.


News Article | November 21, 2016
Site: en.prnasia.com

SUZHOU, China, Nov. 21, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- GCL System Integration Technology Co., Ltd. (GCL-SI) , (Shenzhen: 002506), a subsidiary of the world's leading energy group GCL, recently announced the cooperation with China National Complete Engineering Corporation (CCEC) in the Chernobyl PV plant project. To help rebuild the "exclusion zone" with solar power thirty years after the Chernobyl accident marks another important move of GCL-SI toward global market. The 1986 explosion and meltdown in Chernobyl released vast quantities of radiation, contaminating approximately 30 km2 of land with fallout. The Ukrainian government now aims to give a new renewable life to the exclusion zone. In October, the country's Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources claimed the plan to build a PV plant at Chernobyl. "Its cheap land and abundant sunlight constitute a solid foundation for the project. In addition, the remaining electric transmission facilities are ready for reuse," said Ostap Semerak, Ukraine's minister of environment and natural resources. Two Chinese companies will play significant parts in Chernobyl's revival. Whereas CCEC as the general contractor manages the overall project, GCL-SI offers consultancy and planning service as well as PV facilities to the project. According to GCL-SI, construction of the over 1 GW PV plant is expected to initiate in 2017. Once completed, Chernobyl will re-catch the global attention as a revived site of solar energy. "There will be remarkable social benefits and economical ones as we try to renovate the once damaged area with green and renewable energy. We are glad that we are making joint efforts with Ukraine to rebuild the community for the local people," said Mr. Shu Hua, Chairman of GCL-SI. Regarding GCL-SI's overseas strategy, Mr. Shu further commented, "We have been dedicated to providing integrated solar services and will take diverse approaches this year to drive penetration and achieve global presence. The Chernobyl project is also one of our key steps to approach abroad." GCL System Integration Technology Co., Ltd. (Shenzhen: 002506) (GCL-SI), is part of the GOLDEN CONCORD Group (GCL), an international energy company specializing in clean and sustainable power production, founded in 1990. With global assets worth nearly USD16 billion, GCL achieved module shipment output of over 2GW in 2015, and supplies 29% of the total wafer capacity yield worldwide, representing a 22.2% silicon market share. CCEC is a subsidiary of the National Machinery Industry Corporation (SINOMACH), which is affiliated by the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council.


Gonzalez-Riancho P.,University of Cantabria | Gonzalez M.,University of Cantabria | Gutierrez O.,University of Cantabria | Garcia-Aguilar O.,University of Cantabria | And 6 more authors.
Proceedings of the Coastal Engineering Conference | Year: 2012

Advances in the understanding and prediction of tsunami impacts allow the development of adaptation and mitigation strategies to reduce risk on coastal areas. This work, funded by the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (AECID) during the period 2009-2012, presents a comprehensive methodology for tsunami risk assessment at any coastal area worldwide applied specifically in this case to the coast of El Salvador.


Breuste J.,University of Salzburg | Jayathunga S.,Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources
Hercynia | Year: 2010

Tourism in nature-based destinations is prominent in many countries where mass tourism takes place. The study focuses on the representatives of nature conservation and ecotourism in all biomes of Sri Lanka. It aims at the investigation of nature conservation strategies adopted and of which ecosystems are highly utilised for tourism. Simultaneously, the representation and interaction between biomes, nature conservation strategies and ecotourism are evaluated in order to identify the influence and effectiveness of each other. Digital maps show the defined biomes in the different bioregions. The bioregions are demarcated in accordance with geographical, climatical and biological features and characters. Major biomes identified in the country are forest, wetland, coastal and marine biomes. The management categories of nature conservation, namely strict nature reserves, nature reserves, national parks, marine reserves, sanctuaries, natural forests and wetlands are evaluated in accordance with their objectives, efficiency and effectiveness. Activities of nature-based tourism take place in different biomes like jeep safaris, nature trekking and boating and are categorised in different aspects as wildlife watching, bird watching and nature admiring. The study shows the dominance of state involvement in nature conservation in different kinds. Many nature conservation strategies are concentrated on forest biomes. Nature-based tourism is not equally distributed among all biomes and is mainly focused in the forest biomes in the dry-zone bioregion. In this bioregion, many national parks are situated and infrastructure for tourism has been developed. In other biomes is much more potential available for promoting tourism. A physical study should be conducted to determine what the reasons and constraints of the actual situation are as well as to answer the question what other biomes offer potential for further expansion and development of ecotourism in terms of nature conservation and socioeconomic development of the local people.


Kaudia A.A.,Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources
Geneva Reports on the World Economy | Year: 2015

Low-income countries have been propelled through international discourse to accord higher priority to adaptation to climate change compared to mitigation. The INDC ‘bottom-up’ approach to reaching the 2°C target gives the flexibility for low-income countries to articulate policies responsive to the needs of their communities and national development priorities. These include the entitlement of developing countries to growth and reduced climate change-induced scarcity of natural resources like water, food, energy, wood and fiber. Therefore, the negotiations should strike a balance between mitigation and adaption and include financial support to carry out these policies in line with Article 4.7 of the convention on implementation of commitments by developing countries. In this spirit, this chapter recommends that the target output of COP21 should be a legally binding agreement applicable to all that would be based on the principles of the UNFCCC and, in particular, the principle of Common but Differentiated Responsibilities based on respective capabilities. Challenges with enforcement and the feasibility of all aspects of actions being legally binding should be anticipated. © 2015, Centre for Economic Policy Research. All rights reserved.


News Article | February 15, 2017
Site: www.marketwired.com

VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA--(Marketwired - Feb. 9, 2017) - WOLVERINE MINERALS CORP. - (TSX VENTURE:WLV)(FRANKFURT:4LPP) (the "Company") announces today, that further to its news release of November 29, 2016, the TSX Venture Exchange has approved and the Company has closed the option agreement dated November 28, 2016 (the "Option Agreement") with Almadex Minerals Limited ("Almadex") regarding the Los Venados property in Sonora State, Mexico (the "Property"). Almadex, through its subsidiary, granted an option to the Company to acquire a 100% interest in the Property (the "Option") on the terms and conditions of the Option Agreement. The terms of the Option Agreement are set out in the Company's News Release dated November 29, 2016. The Company has issued 250,000 common shares to Almadex on closing of the Option Agreement which Shares are subject to a four month hold period expiring June 9, 2017. On January 24, 2017, the Company filed a geological report regarding the Property which can be found under the Company's SEDAR profile at www.sedar.com. The Los Venados property is immediately adjacent to the producing Mulatos and La India gold mines. Alteration mapping and geochemical sampling indicate that the property covers a possible high-sulphidation epithermal mineralization system similar in nature to that on the adjacent Mulatos and La India Mine projects. The Los Venados property has signed surface access agreements in place and has received full SEMARNAT (Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources) approval for 12 drill pad locations. Neither TSX Venture Exchange nor its Regulation Services Provider (as that term is defined in the policies of the TSX Venture Exchange) accepts responsibility for the adequacy or accuracy of this release.

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