Ministry of Health Yildirim Beyazit Diskapi Educational and Research Hospital

Ankara, Turkey

Ministry of Health Yildirim Beyazit Diskapi Educational and Research Hospital

Ankara, Turkey
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Tuygun C.,Ministry of Health Yildirim Beyazit Diskapi Educational and Research Hospital | Kankaya D.,Ankara University | Imamoglu A.,Ministry of Health Yildirim Beyazit Diskapi Educational and Research Hospital | Sertcelik A.,Ankara University | And 3 more authors.
Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations | Year: 2011

Objectives: To investigate the expression of sex-specific hormone receptors in normal bladder urothelium and urothelial carcinomas (UCs) of the bladder, and to analyze clinicopathological features and survival outcomes according to receptor expression. Methods: We evaluated the clinical data and tumor specimens of 139 patients with bladder cancer (BC). In addition, 72 samples of normal urothelium were included. Immunohistochemistry was performed using streptavidin-biotin peroxidase method, a monoclonal androgen receptor (AR), and an estrogen receptor-β (ERβ) antibody on paraffin-embedded tissue sections. Expression levels of each receptor were assessed by evaluating 500 tumor cells for each case and the percentage of positively-stained nuclei was recorded. Results: None of the 58 male control cases showed any AR and ERβ expression. Five (35, 71%) of the 14 female control cases expressed ERβ. Of the 139 patients with UCs, 71 (51, 07%) expressed AR (62 male vs. 9 female; P = 0.413) and 44 (31, 65%) (39 male vs. 5 female; P = 0.402) showed ERβ expression (P < 0.001). No significant relationship was found between ERβ expression levels and tumor grades, and stages (P = 0.441; P = 0.247). AR expression was significantly lower in T2-tumors (21%) than in Ta-tumors (60%) and T1-tumors (60%) (P < 0.001). It was significantly higher in low-grade papillary UCs (64%) compared with high-grade papillary UCs (44%) and infiltrative high-grade UCs (17%) (P = 0.039; P < 0.001). Data of 79 patients with noninvasive BC were eligible to present, with a median 29 months follow-up. AR expression level did not influence recurrence-free survival (RFS) and progression-free survival (PFS) (P = 0.095; P = 0.110). No significant association was found between ERβ expression level and RFS (P = 0.293). PFS in patients with lower ERβ-expressing tumors was significantly better than that in patients with higher ERβ-expressing tumors (P = 0.035). Multivariate analysis confirmed this significant influence on PFS (P = 0.025). Conclusions: Although ERβ expression had no impact on histopathological tumor characteristics, decrease in its expression may be associated with better PFS rates in patients with noninvasive BC. Conversely, loss of AR expression was associated with higher grade UCs and invasive UCs, but had no prognostic effect on survival. Finally, sex-specific hormone receptors alone cannot be responsible for gender differences in BC rates because they were expressed in similar rates in both sexes. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.


PubMed | Ministry of Health Yildirim Beyazit Diskapi Educational and Research Hospital
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: Urologic oncology | Year: 2011

To investigate the expression of sex-specific hormone receptors in normal bladder urothelium and urothelial carcinomas (UCs) of the bladder, and to analyze clinicopathological features and survival outcomes according to receptor expression.We evaluated the clinical data and tumor specimens of 139 patients with bladder cancer (BC). In addition, 72 samples of normal urothelium were included. Immunohistochemistry was performed using streptavidin-biotin peroxidase method, a monoclonal androgen receptor (AR), and an estrogen receptor- (ER) antibody on paraffin-embedded tissue sections. Expression levels of each receptor were assessed by evaluating 500 tumor cells for each case and the percentage of positively-stained nuclei was recorded.None of the 58 male control cases showed any AR and ER expression. Five (35, 71%) of the 14 female control cases expressed ER. Of the 139 patients with UCs, 71 (51, 07%) expressed AR (62 male vs. 9 female; P = 0.413) and 44 (31, 65%) (39 male vs. 5 female; P = 0.402) showed ER expression (P < 0.001). No significant relationship was found between ER expression levels and tumor grades, and stages (P = 0.441; P = 0.247). AR expression was significantly lower in T2-tumors (21%) than in Ta-tumors (60%) and T1-tumors (60%) (P < 0.001). It was significantly higher in low-grade papillary UCs (64%) compared with high-grade papillary UCs (44%) and infiltrative high-grade UCs (17%) (P = 0.039; P < 0.001). Data of 79 patients with noninvasive BC were eligible to present, with a median 29 months follow-up. AR expression level did not influence recurrence-free survival (RFS) and progression-free survival (PFS) (P = 0.095; P = 0.110). No significant association was found between ER expression level and RFS (P = 0.293). PFS in patients with lower ER-expressing tumors was significantly better than that in patients with higher ER-expressing tumors (P = 0.035). Multivariate analysis confirmed this significant influence on PFS (P = 0.025).Although ER expression had no impact on histopathological tumor characteristics, decrease in its expression may be associated with better PFS rates in patients with noninvasive BC. Conversely, loss of AR expression was associated with higher grade UCs and invasive UCs, but had no prognostic effect on survival. Finally, sex-specific hormone receptors alone cannot be responsible for gender differences in BC rates because they were expressed in similar rates in both sexes.


Yanik B.,Ministry of Health Yildirim Beyazit Diskapi Educational and Research Hospital | Conkbayir I.,Ministry of Health Yildirim Beyazit Diskapi Educational and Research Hospital | Keyik B.,Ministry of Health Yildirim Beyazit Diskapi Educational and Research Hospital | Yoldas T.K.,Ministry of Health Yildirim Beyazit Diskapi Educational and Research Hospital
Journal of Clinical Ultrasound | Year: 2011

Polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, M protein and skin changes (POEMS) syndrome is a rare multi-system disease. We describe the ultrasonography (US) and color Doppler ultrasonography (CDUS) findings of peripheral neuropathy in a patient with POEMS syndrome. In US examination, peripheral nerves were found to be diffusely thickned in both upper limbs. CDUS imaging showed arterial blood flow with low systolic peaks on the nerves. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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