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PubMed | Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Soroka University Medical Center, Tel Aviv University and 2 more.
Type: | Journal: Journal of clinical virology : the official publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology | Year: 2016

Since mid-August 2014, North America experienced a wide outbreak of Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) associated with severe respiratory illness in children. Several other countries also reported cases of EV-D68 in 2014.The aim of this study was to determine whether EV-D68 circulated in Israel in 2014, caused severe respiratory illness in children and was the causative agent of Acute Flaccid Paralysis.Archived clinical respiratory samples from a cohort of 710 hospitalized pediatric patients (<10years old) with respiratory illness were screened for clade B specific EV-D68 by real-time PCR. The patients were seen at four medical centers covering the entire country between August and November 2014. We also evaluated 49 patient stool samples from 26 AFP cases during 2014 for presence of EV-D68. In addition, RNA from sewage samples collected throughout Israel during the same study period was also tested for EV-D68. Partial VP1 sequencing was performed on all positive samples.Of the 710 clinical samples evaluated, 7 (1%) were positive for EV-D68. Two patients were from the central part of Israel, while the rest was from the southern part. The majority of the patients did not have any underlying disease. Not only that, but, none of the 26 suspected AFP cases had EV-D68 nucleic acid in their stool samples. EV-D68 RNA was detected in 9 out of 93 sewage samples, mainly from Southern Israel. Sequence analysis of EV-D68 VP1 gene from both sewage and clinical samples indicated that the Israeli EV-D68 RNA belonged to Clade B which was genetically similar to 2014 circulating European and North American EV-D68 virus.EV-D68 circulated in Israel during the 2014 summer-fall season and caused hospitalization of a small percent of the patients with respiratory illness.


Indenbaum V.,Ministry of Health and Chaim Sheba Medical Center | Indenbaum V.,Bar - Ilan University | Bin H.,Ministry of Health and Chaim Sheba Medical Center | Makarovsky D.,Bar - Ilan University | And 7 more authors.
Virus Research | Year: 2012

There are currently no effective drugs to treat serious complications caused by WNV infection. The inhibition of WNV by the pluripotent immunomodulator AS101 [ammonium trichloro(dioxyethylene-0-0')tellurate] was evaluated in vitro and in vivo, and its mechanism was explored. Adding AS101 to Vero cells 1h or 5min before infection increased cell survival from 21% to 84% and decreased plaque formation by 87% and virus yield by 2 logs. Following infection, high titer of WNV remained in the culture supernatants indicating interference with virus cell attachment. The binding of α Vβ 3 integrin to WNV and of Vero cells to anti-α Vβ 3 antibody were inhibited by AS101, suggesting that AS101 may block this cellular WNV receptor. Daily treatment of mice with AS101 starting 1 day before lethal infection with WNV resulted in 48% survival. However, treatment beginning 3 days post infection resulted only in 16% survival. Similarly, a single dose of anti-WNV IVIG three days post infection resulted in 16% survival compared to 100% if IVIG was given on the same day of infection or 1 day later. However, when mice received combined treatment with AS101 and IVIG starting 3 days post infection, an additive effect of 33% survival was observed. Our study suggests that AS101 has a potential preventive and therapeutic effect against WNV infection. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.


PubMed | Ministry of Health and Chaim Sheba Medical Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Virus research | Year: 2012

There are currently no effective drugs to treat serious complications caused by WNV infection. The inhibition of WNV by the pluripotent immunomodulator AS101 [ammonium trichloro(dioxyethylene-0-0)tellurate] was evaluated in vitro and in vivo, and its mechanism was explored. Adding AS101 to Vero cells 1h or 5 min before infection increased cell survival from 21% to 84% and decreased plaque formation by 87% and virus yield by 2 logs. Following infection, high titer of WNV remained in the culture supernatants indicating interference with virus cell attachment. The binding of (V)(3) integrin to WNV and of Vero cells to anti-(V)(3) antibody were inhibited by AS101, suggesting that AS101 may block this cellular WNV receptor. Daily treatment of mice with AS101 starting 1 day before lethal infection with WNV resulted in 48% survival. However, treatment beginning 3 days post infection resulted only in 16% survival. Similarly, a single dose of anti-WNV IVIG three days post infection resulted in 16% survival compared to 100% if IVIG was given on the same day of infection or 1 day later. However, when mice received combined treatment with AS101 and IVIG starting 3 days post infection, an additive effect of 33% survival was observed. Our study suggests that AS101 has a potential preventive and therapeutic effect against WNV infection.

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