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Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar

Hla H.,Biodiversity and Nature Conservation Association | Shwe N.M.,Ministry of Forestry | Win Htun T.,Biodiversity and Nature Conservation Association | Zaw S.M.,Biodiversity and Nature Conservation Association | And 3 more authors.
Bird Conservation International | Year: 2011

Concerns for the long-term survival of vulture populations on the Indian Subcontinent, owing to widespread poisoning by the veterinary drug diclofenac, have led to increased conservation focus on South-East Asian countries where diclofenac is not used and relict populations of vultures occur. We document here how White-rumped, Slender-billed and Red-headed Vultures have declined substantially in abundance and contracted in range in Myanmar over the last 50 years. Using a vulture restaurant method we determined that the population of vultures in Myanmar is at least 136 individuals, made up of at least: 62 White-rumped Vultures, 21 Slender-billed Vultures, 51 Himalayan Vultures and two Red-headed Vultures. The decline in the resident Gyps species is most likely due to declines in wild ungulate populations. Our population estimates are provisional and the survey covered only a proportion of the possible vulture range within Myanmar. Himalayan Vultures were not recorded in Myanmar in historical times, and possible reasons for the recent upsurge in records are discussed. Myanmar presents an opportunity of global significance for vulture conservation, due to the persistence of three Critically Endangered vulture species in a country where diclofenac is not used. © 2011 BirdLife International.

Htun N.Z.,Ministry of Forestry | Htun N.Z.,Kyushu University | Mizoue N.,Kyushu University | Yoshida S.,Kyushu University
Biotropica | Year: 2011

Tropical forests are highly threatened by human activities, even within the protected areas that have been established to conserve biodiversity. Human activities may have different degrees of impact on vegetation structure, composition and diversity. Some studies have measured direct evidence of human activities in forming disturbance gradients, while others have quantified canopy cover as a proxy for disturbance. When measurement is confined to human activities, disturbance may be underestimated in areas of poor canopy cover where forest degrading activities have ceased. Where measurements are restricted to canopy cover, disturbance may be underestimated in areas of extensive canopy cover that may have been subject to past disturbances, and overestimated for areas where canopy cover is naturally sparse. Combining indicators of past and present disturbances is therefore necessary to examine the full spectrum of human disturbances. Forest vegetation in Popa Mountain Park, Myanmar was surveyed and classified into three levels of disturbance-undisturbed, medium disturbed and highly disturbed-derived from evidence of cutting and canopy cover. The forests are second or third growth after clearing for agriculture in the early 20th century. All trees with ≥10cm diameter at breast height in 168 sample plots (10m × 10m) were identified and measured. Density, basal area and diversity decreased and dominance rose when disturbance increased. Canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) clearly discriminated three forest stands and CCA axes were significantly correlated to soil moisture, soil nitrogen, elevation, slope, aspect, distance from park boundary and distance from villages. Abstract in Myanmar is available at. © 2011 The Author(s). Journal compilation © 2011 by The Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation.

Perez-Cobb A.U.,Sarteneja Village | Arce-Ibarra A.M.,Colegio de Mexico | Garcia-Ortega M.,Colegio de Mexico | Valdez-Moreno M.,Colegio de Mexico | Azueta J.O.,Ministry of Forestry
Marine Resource Economics | Year: 2014

To provide insights for artisanal recreational fisheries management, using Belize as a case study, our research addressed the following research question: What is the natural resource base in terms of the fish species, typology of users, and general management regulations comprising artisanal recreational fisheries in Belize? To answer it, a mixed method approach, which included social and biological surveys, was used. Our results indicated: (1) there is a mismatch in the very definition of "recreational fisheries" between the fishery managers and resource users; (2) current management regulates the so called "sport fishing," whereas three other recorded fisheries-reef fishing, blue fishing, and local recreational fishing-remain unregulated; (3) 26 bony fish species in the study area; and (4) the direct users (fishers) are primarily nonresidents, whereas the indirect users (service providers) are residents. Our study suggests that any management plan for these fisheries should consider local complexities and stakeholders' inputs. © 2014 MRE Foundation, Inc. All rights reserved.

Hsu T.-C.,National Tsing Hua University | Aleck Yang T.-Y.,CSIC - National Museum of Natural Sciences | Aleck Yang T.-Y.,National Chung Hsing University | Pitisopa F.,Ministry of Forestry | And 2 more authors.
Taiwania | Year: 2016

One genus (Anoectochilus) and 12 species (Agrostophyllum neoguineense, Anoectochilus papuanus, Arundina graminifolia, Bulbophyllum aemulum, B. bisepalum, B. nubigenum, B. ochroleucum, B. phreatiopse, Corybas solomonensis, Crepidium laevis, Didymoplexis striata, Epipogium roseum) of orchids (Orchidaceae) are first recorded to the flora of the Solomon Islands during the 2012-2015 field expeditions. Geographic data, ecological and taxonomic notes and illustrations of those species are provided. A new combination (Pinalia oligotricha) and a new name (Dendrobium bougainvilleanum) are also proposed for fitting recent systematic alterations within Orchidaceae. © 2016, College of Life Science. All rights reserved.

Sugimura K.,Japan National Institute of Biomedical Innovation | Iida O.,Japan National Institute of Biomedical Innovation | Fuchino H.,Japan National Institute of Biomedical Innovation | Kawahara N.,Japan National Institute of Biomedical Innovation | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Japanese Botany | Year: 2011

In order to clarify occurrence of useful plant species in relation to habitats, a plant inventory and survey were carried out in the Tetepare Island, the largest uninhabited island in the South Pacific was conducted. The number of useful plant species which showed significant distribution bias for a specific habitat was highest in seashore areas, inland areas and riverside areas. The seashore area had many creeping and climbing plants, epiphytic orchid species and epiphytic fern species. The seashore had good conditions of light and moisture compared with other areas. We conclude that the seashore area provides a key habitat for the useful and medicinal plant with species diversity, indicating the importance of these plant resources.

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