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Tórshavn, Faroe Islands

Kunoy B.,Ministry of Foreign Affairs
International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law

This article examines whether State A may cross a continental shelf boundary in order to utilize a feature of the physical continental margin that is situated within the dominion of State B for the purpose of establishing the outer limits of its continental shelf. Given that a continental shelf boundary delimits, mutatis mutandis, the spatial powers of States, as a land boundary, in conjunction with the international framework as set out in the Law of the Sea Convention, it is concluded that it is not consistent with the Law of the Sea Convention for coastal State A to base its entitlement to the outer continental shelf on a generative feature that is located on a feature of the physical continental margin that is situated within the dominion of coastal State B. © 2011 Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. Source

Norheim O.F.,University of Bergen | Jha P.,University of Toronto | Admasu K.,Ministry of Health | Godal T.,Ministry of Foreign Affairs | And 12 more authors.
The Lancet

Background The UN will formulate ambitious Sustainable Development Goals for 2030, including one for health. Feasible goals with some quantifiable, measurable targets can influence governments. We propose, as a quatitative health target, "Avoid in each country 40% of premature deaths (under-70 deaths that would be seen in the 2030 population at 2010 death rates), and improve health care at all ages". Targeting overall mortality and improved health care ignores no modifiable cause of death, nor any cause of disability that is treatable (or also causes many deaths). 40% fewer premature deaths would be important in all countries, but implies very different priorities in different populations. Reinforcing this target for overall mortality in each country are four global subtargets for 2030: avoid two-thirds of child and maternal deaths; two-thirds of tuberculosis, HIV, and malaria deaths; a third of premature deaths from non-communicable diseases (NCDs); and a third of those from other causes (other communicable diseases, undernutrition, and injuries). These challenging subtargets would halve under-50 deaths, avoid a third of the (mainly NCD) deaths at ages 50-69 years, and so avoid 40% of under-70 deaths. To help assess feasibility, we review mortality rates and trends in the 25 most populous countries, in four country income groupings, and worldwide. Methods UN sources yielded overall 1970-2010 mortality trends. WHO sources yielded cause-specific 2000-10 trends, standardised to country-specific 2030 populations; decreases per decade of 42% or 18% would yield 20-year reductions of two-thirds or a third. Results Throughout the world, except in countries where the effects of HIV or political disturbances predominated, mortality decreased substantially from 1970-2010, particularly in childhood. From 2000-10, under-70 age-standardised mortality rates decreased 19% (with the low-income and lower-middle-income countries having the greatest absolute gains). The proportional decreases per decade (2000-10) were: 34% at ages 0-4 years; 17% at ages 5-49 years; 15% at ages 50-69 years; 30% for communicable, perinatal, maternal, or nutritional causes; 14% for NCDs; and 13% for injuries (accident, suicide, or homicide). Interpretation Moderate acceleration of the 2000-10 proportional decreases in mortality could be feasible, achieving the targeted 2030 disease-specific reductions of two-thirds or a third. If achieved, these reductions avoid about 10 million of the 20 million deaths at ages 0-49 years that would be seen in 2030 at 2010 death rates, and about 17 million of the 41 million such deaths at ages 0-69 years. Such changes could be achievable by 2030, or soon afterwards, at least in areas free of war, other major effects of political disruption, or a major new epidemic. © 2015 Norheim et al. Open Access article distributed under the terms of CC BY-NC-SA. Source

It is not the role of an international adjudicative body in the exercise of its contentious jurisdiction, to advise parties as to what their rights would be under a hypothetical state of facts. Having in mind the importance international law attaches to the judicial principle res iudicata, the question examined in this article is whether an international adjudicative body should accept the application to delimit the outer continental shelf, to which there are overlapping claims, prior to the completion of the work of the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf. Notwithstanding the unilateral character of the delineation of the outer limits of the continental shelf and its conceptual detachment from delimitation, these two operations are intertwined. Thus, it could affect the holistic application of the Law of the Sea Convention, should international adjudicative bodies accept to delimit the outer continental shelf in the absence of any recommendations by the Commission. © 2010 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden. Source

Several UN Member States that have contributed military members to UN peacekeeping operations have failed to hold them accountable for alleged criminal misconduct. The Secretary-General has proposed to secure criminal accountability through naming and shaming troop contributing Countries. Though already a compromise, uncertainty remains as to whether the Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations, composed of all the troop contributing Countries, will approve of this policy. © 2015 by Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands. Source

News Article | January 18, 2016
Site: http://cleantechnica.com

Four renewable energy projects set to be developed in Africa and the Caribbean have been awarded $46 million in funding. The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), in partnership with the Abu Dhabi Fund for Development (ADFD), announced on Sunday $46 million in concessional loans for four separate projects — three in Africa, one in the Caribbean — which together will represent nearly 12 MW of new renewable energy capacity in some much needed locations. “Accelerating the energy transition to renewables requires all countries to take action to develop their own local renewable energy sources,” said IRENA Director-General Adnan Z. Amin. “While renewable energy resources are abundant in many developing countries, adequate finance can still be a barrier to deployment. IRENA and ADFD’s pioneering partnership contributes to overcoming this challenge, by selecting innovative projects for concessional funding.” The funding will go towards four separate projects to be built in Antigua & Barbuda, Burkina Faso, Cabo Verde, and Senegal. A 4 MW wind and solar project in Antigua and Barbuda will receive $15 million, which upon completion will provide energy to desalinate water and increase climate resilience in the country, and avoid approximately 8,275 tonnes of CO2 per year. Another $10 million will go towards a 3.6 MW solar PV mini-grid project in Burkina Faso, which will provide modern energy services to more than 12,000 local families for the first time, and avoid 2,500 tonnes of CO2 per year. Cabo Verde, off northwest coast of Africa, will receive $8 million to build a 2 MW hybrid grid-connected solar PV and wind project, which will provide a 100% renewable energy solution for the Island of Brava, and help avoid 4,665 tonnes of CO2 per year. Finally, Senegal, in Africa, will receive $13 million to build a 2 MW solar PV mini-grid project which will supply electricity to rural villages and avoid 3,200 tonnes of CO2 per year. “Renewable energy plays a major role in sustainable development and, for many developing countries, is the most economically viable energy source,” said Dr. Thani Al Zeyoudi, UAE Permanent Representative to IRENA and Director of Energy and Climate Change at the UAE Ministry of Foreign Affairs. “The ADFD and IRENA partnership enables developing countries to leverage clean energy innovation and reinforces the UAE’s commitment to advance renewable energy development globally.” “Increased availability of clean, affordable and reliable energy is an important priority for ADFD to drive sustainable development and positive societal changes across developing countries,” added Mohammed Saif Al Suwaidi, Director General of ADFD. “Our collaboration with IRENA has significantly contributed to narrowing the energy divide that has long hindered development projects in developing countries due to the lack of reliable power infrastructure. Through this collaboration, we have ensured the availability of necessary financial resources to move the sustainable development agenda forward. At ADFD, we are committed to continuing to collaborate with international agencies to spur economic growth, ensure environmental protection and create jobs across the developing world.”    Get CleanTechnica’s 1st (completely free) electric car report → “Electric Cars: What Early Adopters & First Followers Want.”   Come attend CleanTechnica’s 1st “Cleantech Revolution Tour” event → in Berlin, Germany, April 9–10.   Keep up to date with all the hottest cleantech news by subscribing to our (free) cleantech newsletter, or keep an eye on sector-specific news by getting our (also free) solar energy newsletter, electric vehicle newsletter, or wind energy newsletter.  

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