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Htun N.Z.,Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry | Mizoue N.,Kyushu University | Yoshida S.,Kyushu University
Society and Natural Resources | Year: 2012

The attitudes and perceptions of local people are important for long-term survival of protected areas. Some studies have shown that people's perceptions and attitudes are shaped by knowledge about protected area goals and characteristics and related to socioeconomic factors. In this study, socioeconomic status, knowledge of protected area characteristics, perceptions of benefits and costs of protected areas, and attitudes toward two management programs were examined for people in 208 households from 14 villages around Popa Mountain Park, Central Myanmar. Approximately 50% of respondents had basic knowledge about the park; 38% perceived benefits and 45% perceived losses due to the park. Approximately half held positive attitudes toward buffer zone establishment and replacement of banana plantations. Logistic regression revealed that perceptions of benefits and positive attitudes toward management were correlated with both sociodemographic characteristics and knowledge, while perceptions of losses and negative attitudes toward management were influenced by economic concerns. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source

Aung P.S.,Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry | Adam Y.O.,University of Khartoum | Pretzsch J.,TU Dresden | Peters R.,TU Dresden
Forests Trees and Livelihoods | Year: 2015

Rural households across developing countries rely on diversified sources of income, and forest resources play important role in this regard. There is no background information about the situation in Myanmar in regards forest income. This study analyses how the socio-economic factors determine the households' dependency on forest income among rural households in Chin State of Myanmar. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews, focus group discussions and key informant interviews of 40 households in two villages located around the Natma Taung national park, Myanmar. The results show that the better off households receive more forest income than medium and poor groups in both villages. The household size (p < 0.01) and numbers of adult labour (p < 0.05) are significantly correlated with household total forest income in Tone Nge village. While in Hee Laung village, household size (p < 0.01), size of agricultural land (p < 0.05) and total livestock value (p < 0.05) are significantly associated with household total forest income. The study highlights that national parks full protection and restriction of access could potentially affect households who depend on forest income as a matter of necessity and suggests that households' socio-economic factors should be incorporated in conservation interventions in order to apply target-oriented actions and enforcement activities. © 2015 Taylor & Francis. Source

Thwe-Thwe-Win,Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry | Thwe-Thwe-Win,Tokyo University of Agriculture | Hirao T.,Japan Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute | Goto S.,Tokyo University of Agriculture
Conservation Genetics | Year: 2015

With the rapid fragmentation of tropical forests harboring valuable tree species, conservation of natural genetic resources is an important issue. In Myanmar, teak plantations have been established by Myanmar government since the 1700 s using local Myanmar teak. Commercial plantations have recently been established by the private sector using both exotic and Myanmar teak without consideration of their genetic make-up. If the genetic composition of commercial teak plantations is severely different from that of Myanmar teak, introgression of non-indigenous genes could damage the remaining natural populations. We investigated genetic compositions of commercial plantations using both exotic and Myanmar teak seeds with 10 nuclear simple sequence repeat and three chloroplast single nucleotide polymorphism markers. We then compared the genetic compositions of these populations with those of neighboring native teak forests. The genetic diversity and composition of one exotic plantation using Costa Rican seeds was similar to those of native populations. However, the diversity of the other three exotic plantations was low and their composition was markedly different from those of native populations. Our results suggest that exotic gene flow would cause serious genetic disturbance. Commercial plantations using Myanmar seeds were characterized by relatively high genetic diversity and by many genetic components. These results suggest that these plantations may be established using various seed sources in Myanmar. Given that native teak in Myanmar is geographically structured, native gene pools will be homogenized by gene flow from these commercial plantations. Seed transfer guidelines based on genetic information should be considered in future. © 2015 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht Source

Khine P.K.,University of Marburg | Lindsay S.,Gardens by the Bay | Fraser-Jenkins C.,Student Guest House | Kluge J.,University of Marburg | And 2 more authors.
PhytoKeys | Year: 2016

We describe Selliguea kachinensis as a new species from Northern Myanmar and discuss its generic placement in either Selliguea or Arthromeris. The conservation status is assessed as Data Deficient. In addition, we make the new combination Selliguea erythrocarpa (Mett. ex Kuhn) Hovenkamp, S. Linds., Fraser-Jenk. © Phyo Kay Khine et al. Source

Thant N.W.L.,Seoul National University | Kim B.-J,Seoul National University | Ko H.-S.,Yeungnam University | Yi K.M.,Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry | Lee W.-S.,Seoul National University
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances | Year: 2013

Phayre's leaf monkey (Trachypithecus phayrei) is an endangered endemic species distributed predominantly in Southeast Asia. Although, three subspecies (T. p. phayrei, T. p. crepusculus and T. p. shanicus) are known, molecular phylogenetic studies on this monkey are still limited. In Myanmar, there was a controversy for the species identity of Phayre's leaf monkey inhabiting the Popa Mountain Park (PMP). Here, 32 non-invasive fecal samples and one non-destructive bone sample were used to infer the phylogenetic status of T. phayrei from PMP. Two DNA markers, nuclear Protamine PI (Prml) and mitochondrial Cytochrome b (Cyt-b) were selected for PCR and sequencing. Three haplotypes for Cyt-b gene and two unique sequences for Prml gene were detected from 33 samples. The Cyt-b phylogenetic trees showed that the population of Phayre's leaf monkey in PMP is more closely related to the subspecies T. p. shanicus. However, the Prml phylogenetic trees could not resolve the phylogenetic position of T. phayrei subspecies. The results suggest the population from PMP as the subspecies T. p. shanicus but further taxonomic studies for all populations of this threatened monkey in Myanmar should be recommended for the species' conservation and management. © Medwell Journals, 2013. Source

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