Time filter

Source Type

Al Zadjali S.,Ministry of Environment and Climate Affairs | Al Zadjali S.,University of Surrey | Morse S.,University of Surrey | Chenoweth J.,University of Surrey | Deadman M.,Sultan Qaboos University
Science of the Total Environment

The level of uptake and use of personal protective equipment (PPE) by farm workers in Oman is low; the conditions under which pesticides are stored are frequently below acceptable international standards. Research was undertaken to explore the drivers working against safe storage of agrochemicals and effective personal protection usage by pesticide application personnel. Results from a survey of over 200 respondents, representing workers in, and owners of, farms either within or outside a local farmer's association (FA), suggest that FA membership raises standards of behaviour both in terms of safe pesticide storage and use of PPE. Age of respondents had no apparent effect on the likelihood of PPE (gloves and masks) use. PPE use was, however, highest among respondents with more advanced educational backgrounds. Positive responses for glove and mask use, when applying pesticides, were higher for owners and workers in FA farms compared to non-FA farms. Lowest reported use of PPE was among workers in non-FA farms. Analysis of responses appears to indicate that behaviour patterns of workers in FA farms mirror that of the farm owners. This was not the case in non-FA farms. The results suggest that conformity to social norms, in this case acceptable work-environment behaviour, is a powerful driver behind raised usage levels of PPE in farms in Oman. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. Source

Rees A.F.,University of Exeter | Al Saady S.,Ministry of Environment and Climate Affairs | Broderick A.C.,University of Exeter | Coyne M.S.,SEATURTLE.org | And 2 more authors.
Marine Ecology Progress Series

To aid management and conservation of widely distributed marine vertebrate species, it is necessary to have a knowledge and understanding of their spatial ecology. We tracked 10 adult female loggerhead turtles Caretta caretta from Masirah Island, Sultanate of Oman, which hosts one of the world's largest breeding aggregations. Transmitters were specifically deployed early in the nesting season to enable tracking throughout the internesting and post-nesting habitats. Turtles displayed a dichotomy in behaviour during the internesting period, with 6 remaining close to Masirah Island and the others undertaking circuitous oceanic loops, hundreds of kilometres in length. This behaviour did not appear to be related to body size. Tracking-derived minimum clutch frequency was on average (± SD) 4.8 ±1.2 nests (n = 8 ind.). Post-nesting migrations revealed a propensity towards long-term utilisation of oceanic habitats in the region between Socotra Island (Yemen) and the mainland of Yemen/Oman, with 76 ± 15.4% of time spent in oceanic habitat (n = 8 ind.). The spatial footprint of our tracked turtles was found to be far less than that of a similar number of turtles that were tagged later in the same season (from a separate unpublished study) and from long-distance returns of flipper tags. The spatial and temporal sub-structuring of the population highlights the need for more comprehensive tracking projects, with deployments across the breeding season in multiple years, in order to obtain reliable estimations of high-use foraging habitats of widely dispersed marine vertebrates. Variation in behaviour patterns suggests the need for diverse conservation measures. © Inter-Research 2010. Source

Al Zadjali S.,Ministry of Environment and Climate Affairs | Al Zadjali S.,University of Surrey | Morse S.,University of Surrey | Chenoweth J.,University of Surrey | Deadman M.,Sultan Qaboos University
Science of the Total Environment

During the last two decades Oman has experienced rapid economic development but this has been accompanied by environmental problems. Manufacturing and agricultural output have increased substantially but initially this was not balanced with sufficient environmental management. Although agriculture in Oman is not usually considered a major component of the economy, government policy has been directed towards diversification of national income and as a result there has been an increasing emphasis on revenue from agriculture and an enhancement of production via the use of irrigation, machinery and inputs such as pesticides. In recent years this has been tempered with a range of interventions to encourage more sustainable production. Certain pesticides have been prohibited; there has been a promotion of organic agriculture and an emphasis on education and awareness programs for farmers. The last point is of especial relevance given the nature of the farm labour market in Oman and a reliance on expatriate and often untrained labour. The research, through a detailed stratified survey, explores the state of knowledge at farm-level regarding the safe disposal of pesticide waste and what factors could enhance or indeed operate against the spread and implementation of that knowledge. Members of the recently constituted Farmers Association expressed greater environmental awareness than their non-member counterparts in that they identified a more diverse range of potential risks associated with pesticide use and disposed of pesticide waste more in accordance with government policy, albeit government policy with gaps. Workers on farms belonging to Association members were also more likely to adhere to government policy in terms of waste disposal. The Farmers Association appears to be an effective conduit for the diffusion of knowledge about pesticide legislation and general awareness, apparently usurping the state agricultural extension service. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. Source

Al-Awadhi T.,Sultan Qaboos University | Al-Saqri A.,Ministry of Environment and Climate Affairs | Amr E.-S.,Arabian Gulf University
34th Asian Conference on Remote Sensing 2013, ACRS 2013

In order to cope with the rapid development in the Sultanate of Oman, many companies have invested in sand and gravel mining and quarries which abundantly exist in the mountainous areas, the banks and streams of wadis. In spite of the economic benefit of gravel mining, there are environmental impacts which should be controlled in order to preserve the environment resources and human welfare. The objective of this study is to use GIS and Remote Sensing as spatial decision support to monitor and evaluate environmental impacts of quarries and crushers activities in Al Abiad village, southern Al-Batina Governorate. In this study six quarries and crushers in Al Abiad village were investigated. The assessment includes; specifying the sites, the sand and gravel mining stages, the environmental impacts, land-uses, the distance between the crushers and urban sites. The study indicates that all crushers are active and have their own quarries. However, they do not follow the environmental regulations and standards according to the Sultanate of Oman environmental laws. It is also noticed that there is a lack of coordination between concerned government authorities, especially in relation to the issuing of environmental permits. The study recommends that quarries and crushers should comply with the technical specifications, environmental standards and regulations. The study recommends establishing a full integrated GIS and RS technologies to monitor the quarries and crushers activities and link any future permits for these types of activities to have more geo-informatics support. Copyright© (2013) by the Asian Association on Remote Sensing. Source

Rees A.F.,University of Exeter | Al-Kiyumi A.,Ministry of Environment and Climate Affairs | Broderick A.C.,University of Exeter | Papathanasopoulou N.,Biodiversity East | Godley B.J.,University of Exeter
Chelonian Conservation and Biology

We tracked two adult female green turtles (Chelonia mydas) from their nesting location on Masirah Island, Oman (lat 20.441°N, long 58.843°E) into the Red Sea. Comparing these tracks with published movements of nesting loggerhead (Caretta caretta) and olive ridley (Lepidochelys olivacea) turtles, also tracked from Masirah, revealed remarkably different inter-specific patterns of post-nesting dispersal. High-capacity artisanal fisheries, with undescribed levels of sea turtle bycatch, exist within the region, making introduction of effective conservation measures difficult. © 2012 Chelonian Research Foundation. Source

Discover hidden collaborations