Stephenson P.J.,WWF International |
Stephenson P.J.,IUCN SSC Species Monitoring Specialist Group |
Bowles-Newark N.,United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Center |
Regan E.,United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Center |
And 26 more authors.
Biological Conservation | Year: 2016
African countries need to conserve biodiversity and use natural resources rationally if they are to avoid continued environmental degradation that jeopardizes sustainable development and human wellbeing. However, many government agencies cannot access or use the biodiversity data they need to make informed decisions for environmental and economic management. More than forty stakeholders representing governments, civil society organizations (CSOs) and UN agencies, including delegates from 20 African states, identified decisions that require biodiversity information and explored blockages and potential solutions to data access and use. The participants concluded that the key enabling environment includes data availability, data quality and usability, willingness to collect and use data, and financial and technical capacity. We recommend that African government departments across sectors work with academic bodies and CSOs to: i) enhance internal resources for monitoring and develop partnerships with donors; ii) build capacity for data collection, using tools, guidelines and communities surrounding CBD planning and biodiversity monitoring; iii) improve national and international co-ordination and cross-sectoral collaboration for biodiversity data management; iv) produce and use more data-derived products that encourage data use, especially assessments that demonstrate the importance of biodiversity to economies and wellbeing and dashboards that facilitate interpretation and analysis. Governments, CSOs and academic bodies should test different science-policy interfaces in a handful of pilot countries or regions, building on existing models to demonstrate how data providers and users can work together to break down barriers to data access and sharing and mainstream biodiversity information into decision-making. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.
Klopcic M.,University of Ljubljana |
Verhees F.J.H.M.,Wageningen University |
Kuipers A.,Wageningen University |
Kos-Skubic M.,Ministry of Agriculture and Environment
EAAP Scientific Series | Year: 2012
This study provides information on the position of regular, organic, PDO/PGI (Protected Designated Origin/Protected Geographical Indication), mountain and farm made cheeses and sausages in the minds of Slovene consumers, and identifies opportunities to improve the positioning of these products. We present the results of a questionnaire sent to 2,300 Slovene consumers, of which 360 were returned, and 315 did not have any missing values and were used for statistical analysis. The sample provides a reasonable representation of the Slovene population. Respondents answered questions on the relevance of 16 food characteristics, such as nutrition, healthiness, price, animal friendly production, specific region production, taste, and ease of preparation. Respondents gave scores between 1 (not important) and 7 (very important). Also consumers' perceptions of regular, organic, traditional and farm-made products on these food characteristics were measured. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) identified the following main components: healthiness, good price, sustainable production, traditional production, indulgence and convenience (shopping and preparing). The results show the components which determine Slovene consumers' intentions to buy different types of cheeses and sausages. It appears that a high score on the relevance of a food characteristic is not necessarily reflected in the buying decision. Implications of the results for the marketing of cheeses and sausages are discussed.
News Article | April 27, 2016
The end of the internal combustion engine may be nearer than carmakers think. The Austrian Ministry of Agriculture and Environment is working on a study that would mean an end to conventional cars sales… four years from now. And it’s the fourth country doing so, though the dates differ. Add Austria to the list of countries (India, Netherlands, and Norway) that are considering banning sales of new non-electric vehicles. In the case of those in parentheses, the target year is 2025. Austria is more ambitious. According to a report from Austria (in German), a carbon tax could also be in the works. But the report (which has been reposted in boilerplate fashion elsewhere) is confusing: it sounds as though environmental organizations had the country’s Environmental Agency conduct a study. In Germany, it usually works the other way around. It is also unclear to me whether the scenario published by IG Windkraft (in German) is the one calling for 100% new EVs by 2020. The website does not speak of such a demand, as the Austrian press reports seem to indicate. But since the folks at IG Windkraft read this website, maybe they can drop us a comment below – though you may also want to follow me on Twitter because they might respond there instead. IG Windkraft’s scenario has 91 percent renewable energy (not just electricity!) by 2050. Green power would cover 100 percent of demand net by 2030. Austria would also have 78 percent renewable district heat. By 2050, biomass would be the largest source of energy at 35 percent of demand. Drive an electric car? Complete one of our short surveys for our next electric car report. Keep up to date with all the hottest cleantech news by subscribing to our (free) cleantech newsletter, or keep an eye on sector-specific news by getting our (also free) solar energy newsletter, electric vehicle newsletter, or wind energy newsletter.
Yoshida H.,Japan National Research Institute of Fisheries And Environment of Inland Sea |
Compton J.,Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries |
Punnett S.,Ministry of Agriculture Lands and Fisheries |
Lovell T.,Ministry of Agriculture Lands and Fisheries |
And 6 more authors.
Aquatic Mammals | Year: 2010
A cetacean line-transect survey was conducted in the eastern Caribbean Sea and the adjacent southwestern North Atlantic Ocean from 17 April to 14 May 2004 to obtain information on cetacean distribution and density. The survey area was divided into coastal and offshore blocks; the coastal blocks contained the insular continental shelf. A total of 2,273 nmi (4,210 km) was searched (1,528 nmi [2,830 km] in coastal blocks and 745 nmi [1,380 km] in offshore blocks) with 76 cetacean sightings (64 and 12 for the coastal and offshore blocks, respectively). Twelve species were identified (number of individuals/groups observed in coastal blocks-offshore blocks): 4/4(2/2) Bryde's whale (Balaenoptera edeni), 7/5(2/1) humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae), 5/5(0/0) sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus), 32/3(0/0) short-finned pilot whale (Globicephala macrorhynchus), 132/4(0/0) melon-headed whale (Peponocephala electra), 1/1(0/0) Risso's dolphin (Grampus griseus), 42/6(0/0) bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus), 30/1(0/0) Fraser's dolphin (Lagenodelphis hosei), 505/9(33/3) pantropical spotted dolphin (Stenella attenuata), 35/1(35/1) Atlantic spotted dolphin (S. frontalis), 35/1(0/0) spinner dolphin (S. longirostris), and 90/1(0/0) striped dolphin (S. coeruleoalba). Additionally, 28 groups were sighted for which the species could not be identified: 5/5(2/2) large whales, 11/5(0/0) Mesoplodon spp., 1/1(0/0) ziphiid whale, 5/1(0/0) Stenella spp., and 39/11(10/3) dolphins. Due to the low number of sightings on account of the poor sighting conditions during the survey, abun dance of cetaceans could not be estimated.