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Zhang K.,Shandong University | Zhang K.,Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Plant Cell Engineering and Germplasm Enhancement | Guo N.,Shandong University | Guo N.,Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Plant Cell Engineering and Germplasm Enhancement | And 8 more authors.
Euphytica | Year: 2011

Homozygous transgenic cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) plants that accumulated glycinebetaine (GB) in larger quantities were more tolerant to salt than wild-type (WT) plants. Four transgenic lines, namely 1, 3, 4, and 5, accumulated significantly higher levels of GB than WT plants did both before and after salt stress. At 175 and 275 mM NaCl, seeds of all the transgenic lines germinated earlier and recorded a higher final germination percentage, and the seedlings grew better, than those of the WT. Under salt stress, all the lines showed some characteristic features of salt tolerance, such as higher leaf relative water content (RWC), higher photosynthesis, better osmotic adjustment (OA), lower percentage of ion leakage, and lower peroxidation of the lipid membrane. Levels of endogenous GB in the transgenic plants were positively correlated with RWC and OA. The results indicate that GB in transgenic cotton plants not only maintains the integrity of cell membranes but also alleviates osmotic stress caused by high salinity. Lastly, the seed cotton yield of transgenic lines 4 and 5 was significantly higher than that of WT plants in saline soil. This research indicates that betA gene has the potential to improve crop's salt tolerance in areas where salinity is limiting factors for agricultural productivity. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source


Zhang K.,Shandong University | Zhang K.,Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Plant Cell Engineering and Germplasm Enhancement | Wang J.,Shandong University | Wang J.,Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Plant Cell Engineering and Germplasm Enhancement | And 8 more authors.
Plant Molecular Biology Reporter | Year: 2012

A betA gene encoding choline dehydrogenase from Escherichia coli was transformed into cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) via Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. Transgenic cotton plants exhibited improved tolerance to chilling due to accumulation of glycinebetaine (GB). The results of our experiment showed that GB contents of leaves of transgenic lines 1, 3, 4, and 5, both before and after chilling stress, were significantly higher than those of wild-type (WT) plants. At 15°C, transgenic lines 1, 3, 4, and 5 exhibited higher germination capacity as determined by the germination speed and final germination percentage and, displayed less inhibition in seedling shoot growth rate than WT plants. Under chilling stress, transgenic lines 4 and 5 maintained higher relative water content, upper carbon dioxide (CO 2) fixation capacity and PSII electron transfer rate, better osmotic adjustment (OA), a lower percentage of ion leakage, and less lipid membrane peroxidation when compared with WT plants. Chilling resistance of the transgenic lines was demonstrated to be positively correlated with GB content under chilling stress. The high levels of GB in transgenic cotton plants might not only protect the integrity of cell membrane from chilling damage, but also be involved in OA which alleviated chilling induced water stress. Moreover, under chilling-stressed conditions, transgenic cotton plants enhanced stomatal conductance, PSII electron transport rate, and further leaf photosynthesis through accumulating high levels of GB. © 2012 Springer-Verlag. Source

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