Zhou X.M.,Ministry of Civil Affairs
Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal of preventive medicine] | Year: 2011
This study aims to investigate the bacteria contamination on hands of funeral staffs in different positions. Bacterial samples were collected from the hands of 105 funeral staffs in different positions (including 90 frontline staffs and 15 administrative workers) from 13 funeral parlors nationwide, and were subsequently tested by bacterium inspection. In total, 1783 strains of bacteria were isolated, including 1027 Gram-positive bacteria, most of which were Staphylococcus; and 756 Gram-negative bacteria, most of which were Pseudomonas. Out of the 1783 strains of bacteria, 570 pathogens and opportunistic pathogens were isolated, accounted to 31.96%. The isolated ratio of pathogens and conditional pathogens in embalmed/cosmetologist of cadavers was 35.67% (370/1037), which was higher than those in the funeral workers in other positions, such as cremators, pick-up and administrative workers, whose ratios were 24.42% (95/389), 22.41% (52/232) and 10.40% (12/125), respectively (χ(2) were 13.682, 10.967 and 32.263, respectively; P values were all < 0.05). And the isolated ratios of pathogens and conditional pathogens in cremators and pick-up workers were significantly higher than that in administrative workers (χ(2) were 11.206 and 7.873, respectively; P values were all < 0.05). Lots of bacteria were found in the samples from hands of funeral staffs. The isolated ratio of pathogens and conditional pathogens was different between the funeral staffs in different positions; while the highest was from embalmed/cosmetologist of cadavers and the lowest was from administrators.
Zhang Y.,China University of Petroleum - Beijing |
Guo C.,Ministry of Civil Affairs |
Hou H.,China University of Petroleum - Beijing |
Xue G.,China National Petroleum Corporation
International Journal of Chemical Engineering | Year: 2014
The industrial removal process of the light hydrocarbon and water from wet natural gas can be simulated in laboratory with the independently designed helically coiled tube gas-liquid separator. Experiment and numerical simulation are combined to analyze the influences of various inlet velocities and gas void fractions on the gas-liquid separation efficiency and pressure-drop between the inlet and outlet of the helically coiled tube. The results show that, at the inlet velocity of 4 m/s to 18 m/s and the gas void fraction of 88% to 97% for the gas-liquid mixture, the gas-liquid separation efficiency increases at the beginning and then decreases with increasing inlet velocity. Afterwards there is another increasing trend again. The gradient of pressure-drop increases slowly and then fast with the increasing inlet velocity. On the other hand, the gas-liquid separation efficiency first increases with the gas void fraction and then shows a decreasing trend while the pressure-drop keeps falling down with the gas void fraction increasing. Above all the optimal operating parameters of the helically coiled tube separator are inlet velocity of 13 m/s and gas void fraction of 93%, and the separation efficiency and pressure-drop are 95.2% and 0.3 MPa, respectively. © 2014 Yongxue Zhang et al.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: PEOPLE | Award Amount: 219.44K | Year: 2010
The aim of this project is to establish network of mobility centres in Bosnia and Herzegovina in line with EURAXESS efforts. This project should streamline existing efforts in research mobility and provide institutional infrastructure for encouraging and facilitation of mobility of reasearchers in all directions and at all levels through Bosnia and Herzegovina mobility network. Main project objectives are: a) to establish structured network of service and information providers, enabling practical assistance to researchers in all issues related to their experience of mobility; b) to develop organizational framework, comprised of organizational structure, communication strategies, data requirements and procedures for providing of best performance in information and services delivery; and c) to promote EURAXESS values through the awareness campaign, including promotional events, dissemination of printed material with valuable information and delivery of information and services through the national researchers mobility portal, linked to pan- European Mobility Portal. The fulfillment of the above objectives, in accordance with European standards and values, will be ensured by a four-level organizational structure of the network, consisting of the steering, coordination, operational and beneficiary (contact points) layer. As such, B&H mobility network will provide a backbone for involvement and concentration of all relevant actors policy stakeholders, industry, public and private university representatives and researchers community. The network is guided by the steering committee, providing high-level support and concentration of all relevant actors policy stakeholders, industry, public and private university representatives and researchers community.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: INCO-2007-1.1 | Award Amount: 3.50M | Year: 2008
The Western Balkan countries INCO-NET assists to develop the relationship between the EU and the WBCs in the area of science and technology (S&T). The project supports the Steering Platform on Research for the Western Balkan Countries in the facilitation of interaction between the Western Balkan countries, the EU Member States, states associated to the Framework Programmes for RTD and the European Commission. The Steering Platform is a strategic body designed to deal with European, multilateral and regional issues of science and technology policies in and with the WBCs. The core objectives of WBC-INCO.NET are: - to support the regional as well as bi-regional dialogue on science and technology (S&T) by benefiting from and interacting with the Steering Platform on Research for the WBC, the European Commission as well as other stakeholders and projects in the area, - to identify regional and bi-regional RTD potentials and priorities for take-up in regional and European programmes in a transparent and methodologically sound way, - to enhance participation of researchers from the region in European projects of mutual interest and benefit by implementing capacity building measures on a structural and individual level and by accompanying networking activities, - to increase visibility of WBC researchers in the European Research Area in thematic priorities and through the representation at EU-level conferences, - to analyse and support the innovation systems, innovation needs and innovation infrastructures in the region, and - to analyse cooperation national and international research infrastructures, patterns of WBC in regional and European funding programmes and related barriers to cooperation, and - to provide a platform to exchange information among stakeholders in the region via a web-platform, regular newsletters, journals and social media. The preparation of evidence-based input and decision-making basics for the deliberations conducted under the bi-regional and regional dialogue is a major asset of this project. The 29 partners, ministries of science, RTDI and economy, respective agencies and research institutes from Western Balkan Countries as well as EU Member States and Associated Countries, carry out surveys and studies, organise trainings and brokerage events, visit conferences in the region and the EU Member States, communicate with international stakeholders and officials, prepare policy papers and guidelines, and implement dissemination activities towards national and international stakeholders in order to enhance the impact of project activities targeting the European Commission, ERA-NETs or NCP projects as well as strategic initiatives by international stakeholders such as EUREKA, the Central European Initiative and the EU Strategy for the Danube Region. European integration and harmonisation of approaches are main aims behind WBC-INCO.NET.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: INCO.2013-1.3 | Award Amount: 2.27M | Year: 2014
Danube-INCO.NET understands itself as strategic high-level coordination and support action. Its background is the macro-regional approach of the European Union, in particular the EU Strategy for the Danube Region (EUSDR) and its Priority Areas for Knowledge Society (PA7) and for Competitiveness (PA8). Based on strong institutionalised links with the PA Coordinators and the PA Steering Groups, a consortium of 19 partners from all over the region proposes to support the policy dialogue within the EUSDR, to exchange with other regional policy initiatives and to enhance bi-regional dialogue with a focus on the implementation of the Innovation Union and the ERA Framework. Danube-INCO.NET has selected the societal challenges of energy efficiency and renewable energy in a bio-based economy which are addressed by mapping and analysis, clustering and networking and the implementation of concrete pilot activities. Moreover also the societal challenge of innovative and inclusive societies in the Danube region is addressed through the provision of analytical evidence: Research and innovation activities are monitored with several instruments, a survey identifies barriers to cooperation and less competitive innovation systems are reflected through policy mix reviews. To implement concrete innovation support measures, smart specialisation strategies, technology transfer centres and a system of supporting the development of targeted project proposals is being introduced. Danube-INCO.NET is also committed towards the development of joint funding mechanisms - lending its attention to one of the most important milestones, the establishment of the Danube Region Research and Innovation Fund. In this respect, Danube-INCO.NET supports the cooperation among the leading indeed world-class innovative regions upstream to the regions downstream both at strategic and operative level.