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Oppeltova P.,Mendel University in Brno | Hubacikova V.,Mendel University in Brno | Najman J.,Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis

The aims of the work were to analyse selected quality indicators of a small water stream called Semíč and evaluate the results based on the valid legislation. Eight sampling profiles (SP) were selected and water was sampled four times a year in the period May 2013-April 2014. PH, conductivity, oxygen content and temperature were measured directly in the fi eld. Subsequently, ferrum, nitric nitrogen, ammoniacal nitrogen, sulphates, chlorides, chemical oxygen demand tested using dichromate, total phosphorus, total nitrogen and manganese were analysed in the laboratory. Analyses of selected heavy metals - zinc, copper and aluminum - were carried out in spring 2014. The results were classified in compliance with Government Decree (GD) No. 61/2003 Coll., as amended, and Czech standard ČSN 75 7221. The results of the period 2013-2014 were compared with the results from 2002-2003 and 1992. The resulting concentrations of substances manifest considerable instability during the year, which can most likely be attributed to large changes in flow rates in different seasons. When comparing the values to older results, it can be concluded that the concentrations of a number of substances have decreased; by contrast, others have increased. An extreme increase in copper was detected, where the concentration exceeded the environmental quality standard several times. Source

Ventrubova K.,Czech University of Life Sciences | Dvorak P.,Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic
Journal of Forest Science

Although examples of payments for ecosystem services (PES) can be traced back at least as far as the 1980's, it is still a relatively new instrument, and the hitherto experience in many parts of the world is not extensive yet, or based on a very long timeframe. In addition, PES is being introduced in more and more sectors (agriculture, water supply, carbon sequestration, biodiversity conservation, etc.) and in relation to more and more ecosystems (surface water, groundwater, forest, etc.). But such PES can work only with good governance in place, comprising an effective political, legislative as well as institutional system. Nevertheless, an effective introduction of PES system into national legislation calls for an appropriate analysis of the current legal system so that duplications can be excluded and only valuable measures can be added. The main goal of this paper is to analyze if the current legal framework of the Czech Republic provides an appropriate basis for establishing payments for a forest ecosystem services scheme. Source

Ledvinka Z.,Czech University of Life Sciences | Tumova E.,Czech University of Life Sciences | Englmaierova M.,Institute of Animal Science Prague Uhrineves | Podsednicek M.,Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic
Archiv fur Geflugelkunde

The effects of housing system (conventional cages, litter), genotype (ISA Brown, Hisex Brown and Moravia BSL) and age on egg quality parameters were evaluated. Eggs were sampled three times in the laying period at the age 20 to 24 weeks, 38 to 42 weeks and 56 to 60 weeks. One hundred twenty eggs from each strain, housing system and laying period were collected for egg quality assessment (total 2150 eggs). For egg weight, significant interaction of housing and genotype (P ≤ 0.017) and genotype and age (P ≤ 0.001) were determined. Yolk weight was more affected by hen's age than albumen weight. The effect of housing system on albumen quality was significant (P ≤ 0.001) with lower values for eggs from the litter system. Significant three-way interactions were found for egg shell surface (P ≤ 0.037) and albumen weight (P ≤ 0.050). © Verlag Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart. Source

Stolcpart J.,Czech Technical University | Mazin V.A.,Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic
Agricultural Economics

The land consolidation is a significant instrument for the ownership relations issue and for ensuring the maintenance of land functions and the increase of the ecological stability. Despite of the demonstrable arguments, this activity is not fully valued by the society, which is retroactively reflected from the long term point of view into the processes and structures of land consolidation in countryside. The analysis of the current organisation and management of the Land Offices pointed at substantial regional differences in the process management effectiveness, the utilisation of expert capacities during the land consolidation realisation and further administration actions. There is proposed an optimisation of the institutional structure that will be sufficiently flexible towards the changes of the demanded actions. The need for change of organisation and activities requires also the agro-environmental policies of the European Union. Source

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: KBBE.2013.1.4-02 | Award Amount: 2.61M | Year: 2014

Europe faces the challenge of responding to the mandatory implementation of the principles of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) as called for by Directive 2009/128/EC on the sustainable use of pesticides. Most European countries are investing in research and extension to face this challenge, reduce reliance on pesticides, and reduce risks associated with their use. Added value and synergies can be created by coordinating such national research and extension efforts and by pooling existing resources. To this end, C-IPM will create a forum for exchange and identification of IPM research and development priorities, provide recommendations on national and European research, connect existing initiatives, and coordinate joint transnational research calls. With stakeholders and researchers, C-IPM will position IPM in the future European innovation landscape. It will provide an overall picture of ongoing and desired R&D efforts and of the resources available for IPM implementation. It will propose a common research agenda on IPM and on sustainable solutions in the context of minor uses. It will rapidly generate European-level added value by sharing outputs of ongoing national and regional research, and by disseminating R&D methods, experience and expertise. It will create knowledge hubs by linking R&D resources in the field of IPM and minor uses. It will develop and implement joint transnational calls. A website, newsletter and final workshop will ensure that C-IPM disseminates widely. To achieve lasting impact, C-IPM will plan its continued activity beyond the funded period. C-IPM realises that innovation and sustainability in crop protection can only come about if funders, researchers and farm advisers are closely associated, if multiple sectors are taken into account, and if all available control tactics and strategies are integrated. This approach is key to enriching the suite of IPM techniques and ensuring a high level of implementation of IPM among European farmers.

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