Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic
Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: KBBE.2011.1.3-05 | Award Amount: 2.26M | Year: 2012
The activities of consumer groups and animal protectionists and the effects of large-scale sanitary crises have increased the awareness that animal production is more than just an industry. Farm animal welfare is now clearly an important issue for people across Europe and there is clear demand for higher animal welfare standards. Exotic or emerging infectious threats are ever present and their potential environmental consequences are a growing concern. Endemic and production diseases are often overlooked, although they exert the maximum trouble to animal welfare. The disease threats to the livestock industry have increased steadily as a result of intensification of livestock production, globalisation, evolving pathogens and climate change. Building on the experience and achievements of the previous ERA-Net EMIDA, the Animal Health and Welfare ERA-Net (ANIHWA) aims to increase cooperation and coordination of national research programmes on animal health and welfare of farm animals, including fish and bees. The cooperation and coordination among the partners will be deepened by systematic exchange of information and mapping of national research activities and facilities, gap analysis and preparation of a dedicated strategic research agenda, thorough assessment of the funding mechanisms with increased number of joint calls and finally strategic activities aimed at a sustainable development and extension of the network.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-ERA-Plus | Phase: KBBE.2013.1.4-05 | Award Amount: 12.12M | Year: 2013
The main goal of the FACCE-ERA-NET\ Action is to organise, implement and fund a joint call for transnational research projects on the topic of climate change adaptation, which is a core research theme of the Joint Programming Initiative on Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change (FACCEJPI) and thus to contribute to the delivery of the FACCEJPI Strategic Research Agenda. It will thereby also contribute to the overall EU objective of building the European Research Area through enhanced cooperation and coordination of national research programmes. This FACCE-ERA-NET\ Action, in providing the means for a joint call, will be one of the actions of the JPI aimed at aligning research programming among its members over the long term so as to increase the efficiency of research funding, cover gaps, avoid duplications and provide high-level innovative research in Europe. It will contribute to the goal of FACCEJPI to organise multiple simultaneous joint actions toward the achievement of its goals. The participating countries of FACCE JPI have agreed that climate change adaptation is a research priority and the majority have committed funding to this ERA-NET Plus action. The ERA-NET Plus instrument is particularly adapted for the JPI as it provides additional incentive to participating countries to engage financially on a core theme of high interest at national and regional levels throughout Europe.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: KBBE.2010.1.2-06 | Award Amount: 1.30M | Year: 2011
The Community Plant Health Regime (CPHR) aims to prevent the introduction, establishment and spread of regulated and quarantine plant pests. These pests pose increasing risks to European agriculture, horticulture, forestry and the environment. This is due to increased globalisation of trade (volume and diversity), but is exacerbated by climate change and EU expansion (increased pathways). In comparison, resources for national plant health inspection services, science programmes and research are declining. For this reason, the EUPHRESCO Phytosanitary ERA-Net was established in 2006, with the full support of the EU Council Working Party of Chief Officers of Plant Health Services. It aimed to better coordinate national, trans-national and EU-funded research in direct support of the CPHR (EU policy, inspection services and science capability). The current EUPHRESCO Project ends in 2010; this new EUPHRESCO-II proposal will deepen and enlarge the previously successful cooperation between research programmes. EUPHRESCO-II will: Strengthen the basis for, and result in, a self-sustainable, long-term, durable network; Deepen the cooperation through continued trans-national research that optimises limited resources, supports other plant health initiatives and coordination mechanisms, and further develops a culture of collaboration; Deepen the cooperation by improving processes and tools and reducing barriers; Enlarging the network (31 partners, plus 14 Observers) to increase its critical mass, address more regional or sector-based (e.g. forestry plant health) issues and increase opportunities for international cooperation with non-European countries that are either the source of quarantine pests or share similar pest problems. Overall, EUPHRESCO II will enhance the European Research Area that supports the CPHR. It will directly support EU policy, operations and science capability by providing rapid and customised answers to challenges caused by quarantine plant pests.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: KBBE-2007-1-3-02 | Award Amount: 1.09M | Year: 2008
The disease threats to the livestock industry have increased steadily over the past decades as a result of globalisation, evolving pathogens and climate change. Responding to animal disease threats relies heavily on science; research makes a significant contribution to the development of disease control policy and the translation of policy, and other drivers for improving animal health, into practical effect. Although the legislation that underpins policy for the control of statutory diseases is determined at the EU level, the research that supports policy development and implementation is primarily carried out at the national level and is largely uncoordinated as is the research on other major infectious diseases currently affecting livestock production. The aim of the Animal Health ERA-NET is to build on and accelerate the work of the SCAR CWG in developing a durable focused network of national research funders in Member and Associated States of the EU for the purpose of sharing information, coordinating activities and working towards a common research agenda and mutual research funding activities in the field of animal health. The scope of the project will include emerging and major infectious diseases of production animals, including fish and bees and including those conditions which pose a threat to human health but excluding food safety issues relating to livestock products and diseases of wildlife except where they act as reservoirs of infection for humans or production animals. The objectives of the ERA-NET will be delivered through the following four workpackages: WP1. Project coordination, management, communication and dissemination; WP2. Mapping and analysis of existing research and current needs and information on the commissioning and management of joint programmes; WP3. Develop, test, evaluate and refine instruments (Pilots) and WP4. Developing a strategic trans-national animal health research agenda.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: KBBE-2009-1-4-09 | Award Amount: 1.61M | Year: 2010
Organic agriculture and food markets have grown considerably and organic agriculture addresses important challenges of European agriculture, such as sustainable production of high quality food, reducing dependency on high energy inputs, improving environmental and nature conservation, climate change adaptation, animal welfare and rural livelihoods. Organic farming and food systems still have a big potential for innovation and improved solutions. Research activities will be important for this. Coordinated transnational research has the potential to create a less fragmented research area in this fast growing sector. CORE Organic II builds on the outcome of the first CORE Organic to aim at an effective and sustainable transnational research programme. It will identify common research priorities for the organic sector where a transnational approach will give added value, launch at least two transnational calls, initiate research projects, organize project monitoring and dissemination of results, and consider funding models. CORE Organic II will also develop all components to continue the transnational research activities beyond the ERA-NET. The results of CORE Organic II will be a strong and sustainable network of funding bodies, all components for the effective continuation of collaboration, a series of on-going research projects and a plan to support dissemination. The expected benefits for Europe will be to reinforce its leading status and excellence in organic research, enhance the European research area on organic agriculture, increase the efficiency in use of organic research funds and improve the impact of research on the organic sectors development. Initiating projects on topics identified as common priorities will allow the sector to better meet the demand for organic food and products. This will contribute to sustainable development in food production and improve the general competitivity of the European agriculture.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: KBBE.2013.1.4-02 | Award Amount: 2.61M | Year: 2014
Europe faces the challenge of responding to the mandatory implementation of the principles of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) as called for by Directive 2009/128/EC on the sustainable use of pesticides. Most European countries are investing in research and extension to face this challenge, reduce reliance on pesticides, and reduce risks associated with their use. Added value and synergies can be created by coordinating such national research and extension efforts and by pooling existing resources. To this end, C-IPM will create a forum for exchange and identification of IPM research and development priorities, provide recommendations on national and European research, connect existing initiatives, and coordinate joint transnational research calls. With stakeholders and researchers, C-IPM will position IPM in the future European innovation landscape. It will provide an overall picture of ongoing and desired R&D efforts and of the resources available for IPM implementation. It will propose a common research agenda on IPM and on sustainable solutions in the context of minor uses. It will rapidly generate European-level added value by sharing outputs of ongoing national and regional research, and by disseminating R&D methods, experience and expertise. It will create knowledge hubs by linking R&D resources in the field of IPM and minor uses. It will develop and implement joint transnational calls. A website, newsletter and final workshop will ensure that C-IPM disseminates widely. To achieve lasting impact, C-IPM will plan its continued activity beyond the funded period. C-IPM realises that innovation and sustainability in crop protection can only come about if funders, researchers and farm advisers are closely associated, if multiple sectors are taken into account, and if all available control tactics and strategies are integrated. This approach is key to enriching the suite of IPM techniques and ensuring a high level of implementation of IPM among European farmers.
Oppeltova P.,Mendel University in Brno |
Hubacikova V.,Mendel University in Brno |
Najman J.,Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis | Year: 2015
The aims of the work were to analyse selected quality indicators of a small water stream called Semíč and evaluate the results based on the valid legislation. Eight sampling profiles (SP) were selected and water was sampled four times a year in the period May 2013-April 2014. PH, conductivity, oxygen content and temperature were measured directly in the fi eld. Subsequently, ferrum, nitric nitrogen, ammoniacal nitrogen, sulphates, chlorides, chemical oxygen demand tested using dichromate, total phosphorus, total nitrogen and manganese were analysed in the laboratory. Analyses of selected heavy metals - zinc, copper and aluminum - were carried out in spring 2014. The results were classified in compliance with Government Decree (GD) No. 61/2003 Coll., as amended, and Czech standard ČSN 75 7221. The results of the period 2013-2014 were compared with the results from 2002-2003 and 1992. The resulting concentrations of substances manifest considerable instability during the year, which can most likely be attributed to large changes in flow rates in different seasons. When comparing the values to older results, it can be concluded that the concentrations of a number of substances have decreased; by contrast, others have increased. An extreme increase in copper was detected, where the concentration exceeded the environmental quality standard several times.
Stolcpart J.,Czech Technical University |
Mazin V.A.,Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic
Agricultural Economics | Year: 2011
The land consolidation is a significant instrument for the ownership relations issue and for ensuring the maintenance of land functions and the increase of the ecological stability. Despite of the demonstrable arguments, this activity is not fully valued by the society, which is retroactively reflected from the long term point of view into the processes and structures of land consolidation in countryside. The analysis of the current organisation and management of the Land Offices pointed at substantial regional differences in the process management effectiveness, the utilisation of expert capacities during the land consolidation realisation and further administration actions. There is proposed an optimisation of the institutional structure that will be sufficiently flexible towards the changes of the demanded actions. The need for change of organisation and activities requires also the agro-environmental policies of the European Union.