Ministero dellAmbiente e della Tutela Del Territorio e Del Mare

Rome, Italy

Ministero dellAmbiente e della Tutela Del Territorio e Del Mare

Rome, Italy
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Costantini M.,e GEOS an ASI Telespazio Company | Ferretti A.,TRE Tele Rilevamento Europa | Minati F.,e GEOS an ASI Telespazio Company | Falco S.,e GEOS an ASI Telespazio Company | And 11 more authors.
Remote Sensing of Environment | Year: 2017

Interferometric processing of series of data acquired over time by synthetic aperture radar (SAR) satellites makes it possible to measure millimetric deformations (typically due to landslides, subsidence and earthquake or volcanic phenomena) and to monitor the stability of terrain and infrastructures. Despite the unique capability to observe very large areas, this technology has been typically applied to the analysis of relatively small sites or specific geophysical phenomena. In this work, we present the first application of this technology to a national scale project, which required the processing, through advanced persistent scatterer interferometry (PSI) techniques, of about 20,000 SAR images acquired from 1992 to 2014 over the whole Italian territory by the ERS, Envisat, and COSMO-SkyMed satellites. The obtained results provide a huge database of surface deformation measurements covering the last 20. years and the whole Italian territory, which represents an extremely useful and pioneering service for geo-hazards mapping and prevention. © 2017 Elsevier Inc.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: ENV.2007.1.3.3.3. | Award Amount: 1.83M | Year: 2008

In recent years large parts of Europe suffered from extreme drought, a phenomenon that likely will become more frequent and more severe, as predicted by the climate models. This will lead to significant socio-economic and environmental impacts and associated damages. There is therefore an urgent need to develop a roadmap toward a European Drought Policy, in accordance with the EU-Water Framework Directive (WFD) and related EU Legislation and Actions. The aim is to mitigate and to adapt to droughts, and hence reduce the risks they pose in Europe. XEROCHORE SA compiles a roadmap that comprises of: 1) a state-of-the-art review and identification of the research gaps in the natural system, in impact assessment, in policy-making and in integrated water resources management, and 2) an assessment of the possible impacts of droughts and guidance on appropriate responses for stakeholders. An extended network of experts will gather inputs for the roadmap through focussed workshops, round table discussions, which integrate the various aspects, and a concluding conference. A Core Group will guide and facilitate the discussion and synthesis process, and eventually write the integrated roadmap. The project network consists of over 80 organizations including research institutes, universities, ministries, water management organizations, stakeholders, consultants, international organizations and programmes. It includes key members of the European Drought Centre and the WFD-CIS Working Group on Water Scarcity and Drought and representatives from overseas and neighbourhood countries, in particular around the Mediterranean Basin. The large number of organizations covering different aspects and geographic regions guarantee that all drought aspects will be covered. The drought network will be embedded in the already-existing European Drought Centre to reach the wider scientific and to provide research advice and policy support to the EC beyond the lifetime of this action.


Scardala S.,Instituto Superiore Of Sanita | Girolamo I.D.,Ministero dellAmbiente e della Tutela Del Territorio e Del Mare | Fattorusso E.,University of Naples Federico II | Funari E.,Instituto Superiore Of Sanita | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Coastal Research | Year: 2011

In the last years Ostreopsis spp. blooms have been reported in several Italian coastal stretches, showing a clear trend towards their extension. In 2005, during summer, an O.ovata bloom occurring in the coastal area in front of Genoa was tentatively associated with some human effects. Symptoms like rhinorrea, cough, fever, conjunctivitis, bronchoconstriction with mild dyspnea, and wheezes were observed in people exposed to marine aerosols, possibly containing algal fragments and/or its toxin. With less severe symptoms, similar episodes have been sporadically recorded in other coastal areas. Up to these events, the institutional monitoring activities were focused only on the surveillance of planktonic microalgae whereas benthonic ones, such as Ostreopsis spp. were ignored. To fill this gap, in 2006 a group of experts was appointed by the Italian Ministry of Health with the task to elaborate specific guidelines to manage the possible riskassociated to Ostreopsis spp. blooms. After their formal endorsement, the guidelines were published in the official site of the Ministry and implemented by local structures. The guidelines identify surveillance activities to be carried out, subdividing them into the routine, alert and alarm phases. These guidelines are currently under revision in order to update the scientific background and refine the approach on the basis of the two-year application experience. © 2011 Coastal Education & Research Foundation.


Loy A.,University of Molise | Boitani L.,University of Rome La Sapienza | Bonesi L.,Riverside Place 73 | Canu A.,WWF WWF Oasi | And 8 more authors.
Hystrix | Year: 2010

Although recent evidence of the species recovery has been reported for many European countries, in Italy the Eurasian otter Lutra lutra is still considered endangered. Otter populations are confined to few river basins in the southern part of the peninsula and these are both geographically and genetically isolated from other European populations. This critical situation led the Italian Ministry of Environment to promote the production of an Action Plan for the otter in Italy, whose methods, aims and actions are briefly summarized.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CPCSA | Phase: INFRA-2010-1.2.3 | Award Amount: 2.74M | Year: 2010

Digital Earth is a visionary concept for the virtual representation of the Earth that is spatially referenced, interconnected with the worlds digital data repositories, and encompassing all its systems and forms, including Earth Sciences, Natural Resources Management, Environmental Monitoring system and human society dimensions. The project will establish open data and services access, allowing European and worldwide Digital Earth Communities to seamlessly access, produce and share data, information, products and knowledge. This will create a multi-dimensional, multi-temporal, and multi-layer information facility of huge value in addressing global challenges such as biodiversity, climate change, pollution and economic development. GENESI-DEC evolves and enlarges the platform developed by the predecessor GENESI-DR project by federating to and interoperating with existing infrastructures. GENESI-DEC will:Enlarge the GENESI-DR infrastructures in terms of both resources availability and geographical extent.Provide guaranteed, reliable, easy, effective access to a variety of data, facilities, and applications to an ever increasing number of scientists and users.Harmonise operations at selected key infrastructures limiting fragmentation of solutions and assure that the access to data and resources is secure and controlled, according to policies.Enable multidisciplinary collaboration among communities and the creation of user-configured virtual research facilities.Integrate new scientific and technological paradigms in operational infrastructures in response to the latest Digital Earth requirements.Stimulate, educate and support the creation of virtual research communities.GENESI-DEC involves key partners of ESFRI projects and collaborates with key actors of Digital Earth and Earth Science initiatives, including the International Society of Digital Earth and GEO-GEOSS. Thus efficient use of already existing and planned developments is guaranteed


Ciappa A.,E geos ASI Telespazio | Costabile S.,Ministero dellAmbiente e della Tutela del Territorio e del Mare
Marine Pollution Bulletin | Year: 2014

The Egadi Marine Protected Area (MPA) on the western side of the Sicily Channel (Central Mediterranean) is exposed to a high risk of oil pollution from the tanker routes connecting the eastern and western basins of the Mediterranean Sea. Areas where an oil spill would do most damage, and thus where surveillance should be concentrated, are identified in this study by Lagrangian tracers tracked backwards in time from points along the MPA perimeter using data spanning six years from 2006 to 2011. Results indicate that the areas where oil surveillance would be most beneficial are segments of the tanker routes south of Sicily (highly frequented) and north of Sicily (scarcely frequented), both extending about 150 miles from November to March and 100 miles in the other months. The third route, close to the Tunisian shore, is the most frequented by oil tankers but the threat period is limited to November and December. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


Clini C.,Ministero dellambiente e della tutela del territorio e del mare
Economia delle Fonti di Energia e dell'Ambiente | Year: 2010

After the U.S. Senate rejected the proposal to ratify the Kyoto Protocol, and after that in December 2000 there had been disagreement between the U.S. and Europe at the COP 6, it would have been necessary to recognize that without the participation of the largest world economy the global meaning of the Protocol was significantly reduced. In 2003 Italy had unsuccessfully tried to open a critical reflection on the effectiveness of the Protocol and the need to start a dialogue on new bases with U.S. and China. But the EU insisted on a unilateral approach and convinced Russia in 2004 to ratify the Protocol without any real consequence for the Russian economy. Meanwhile, between 1997 and 2005 the world economy had changed, emissions continued to grow in countries not committed to reduce CO2 emissions. In 2007, the forth IPPC Report and the IEA' Word Energy Outlook had clarified the limited role of the Protocol whereas in Bali was established a "road map" to get to Copenhagen with a new treaty inclusive of the USA and China. Despite all the failures, the reference model of the Kyoto Protocol has been maintained. Instead of focusing on complex legal and bureaucratic architecture, the EU should commit to the promotion of international projects to meet the global technology challenge exploiting the potential of a large integrated economy.


PubMed | Ministero dellAmbiente e della Tutela del Territorio e del Mare and e geos ASI Telespazio
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Marine pollution bulletin | Year: 2014

The Egadi Marine Protected Area (MPA) on the western side of the Sicily Channel (Central Mediterranean) is exposed to a high risk of oil pollution from the tanker routes connecting the eastern and western basins of the Mediterranean Sea. Areas where an oil spill would do most damage, and thus where surveillance should be concentrated, are identified in this study by Lagrangian tracers tracked backwards in time from points along the MPA perimeter using data spanning six years from 2006 to 2011. Results indicate that the areas where oil surveillance would be most beneficial are segments of the tanker routes south of Sicily (highly frequented) and north of Sicily (scarcely frequented), both extending about 150 miles from November to March and 100 miles in the other months. The third route, close to the Tunisian shore, is the most frequented by oil tankers but the threat period is limited to November and December.

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