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Jaffal M.,Cadi Ayyad University | Goumi N.E.,Cadi Ayyad University | Kchikach A.,Cadi Ayyad University | Aifa T.,French National Center for Scientific Research | And 2 more authors.
Journal of African Earth Sciences

The Marrakech region is known for its significant mining potential concealed by the Hercynian basement. In order to extend the exploration of this basement beyond its outcrops in the Jebilets and Guemassa massifs, we used magnetic and gravity data from a sub-area in the Haouz basin. Our methodology in this study consists of processing the data, so as to highlight the buried geological contacts and to reveal their dips. The study of the geological contacts is ensured by the upward continuation processing of the residual gravity map at various altitudes, followed by the determination of the horizontal gradient maxima for each level. The progressive migration of these maxima while increasing the upward continuation altitude indicates the dip direction. The structures deduced from gravity are superimposed on the magnetic map in order to emphasize their possible association with magnetic sources.Comparison between gravity anomalies and local geology shows that these anomalies are mainly caused by basement topography undulations. Moreover, lows coincide with granite and thick sedimentary depressions while highs coincide with basement outcrops. The local maxima of the horizontal gradient of the residual gravity data and its upward continuation at various altitudes define a field of features, organized into groups oriented both NE-SW and NW-SE, which correspond to the regional Hercynian structures. Moreover, the main highlighted lineaments coincide perfectly with known fractures such as the North-Atlas and the Guemassa faults whose dip and direction are well documented. These detected features allow us to complete and enrich the structural map of the Haouz basin. A joint detailed analysis of the mapped gravity contacts and the magnetic data was carried out, through the use of Magnetic and Gravity Euler Trends in terms of depth and rooting, taking into account the local geology, to identify potential structures for mining exploration. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Jaffal M.,Cadi Ayyad University | El Goumi N.,Cadi Ayyad University | Hibti M.,Cadi Ayyad University | Dairou A.A.,Cadi Ayyad University | And 2 more authors.
Estudios Geologicos

In the hercynian massif of Central Jebilets (Morocco), outcrop a large number of gossans which sometimes top economical orebodies (Kettara, Draa Sfar, etc.). The present study is devoted to the interpretation of magnetic data covering one of these iron hats, located near of the Laachach village, at about thirty kilometres north-westward of Marrakech. The magnetic map of Laachach highlights several anomalies which coincide with the outcrop of the gossan. Detailed analysis of reduced to the pole data allows us to conclude that these anomalies may be due to submeridian magnetic structures cut by a set of dextral transverse faults. These structures are generally dipping westward but they can be locally subvertical. The Euler deconvolution of the magnetic data gives moderately deeping solutions (22 to 254 m). The quantitative interpretation of the two principal magnetic anomalies highlighted in the study area lead to better characterising of the deep structure of the Laachach magnetic bodies, that may correspond to massive sulphide occurrences, according to the geological and mining context of the study area. The two modelled bodies constitute priority recognition targets for any mining exploration program to be carried out on the Laachach site. Source

El Goumi N.,CNRS Georesources lab | Jaffal M.,CNRS Georesources lab | Kchikach A.,CNRS Georesources lab | Manar A.,Ministere de lEnergie et des Mines
Estudios Geologicos

The aim of the present study is to improve the knowledge of the Haouz basin structure using gravity data analysis. First of all, a residual anomaly map was computed from the Bouguer anomaly, greatly affected by an important regional gravity gradient. The calculated map provides information on the ground density variations mainly attributed to the top of the Paleozoic basement undulations under the sedimentary cover. However, in order to further study this map, it has been later analyzed with a method that allows evidencing different buried geological structures, combining the horizontal gradient and the upward continuations processing. The obtained results allows us to establish a structural map of the Haouz basin which confirms the existence of structures already recognized or assumed by the classic geological studies, and highlights accidents, as yet, unknown until the present time. This map shows that the fault system of the Haouz basin is organized in two families of directions NE-SW and NW-SE. Source

Chouikri I.,Cadi Ayyad University | el Mandour A.,Cadi Ayyad University | Jaffal M.,Cadi Ayyad University | Baudron P.,Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal | And 6 more authors.
Journal of African Earth Sciences

This study provides new elements that illustrate the benefits of combining gravity, structural, stratigraphic and piezometric data for hydrogeological purposes. A combined methodology was applied to the western Haouz aquifer (Morocco), one of the main sources of water for irrigation and human consumption in the Marrakech region. First, a residual anomaly map was calculated from the Bouguer anomaly data. The computed map provided information on the ground density variation, revealing a strong control by a regional gradient. We then used various filtering techniques to delineate the major geological structures such as faults and basins: vertical and horizontal derivatives and upward continuation. This technique highlighted news structures and provided information on their dip. The gravity anomalies perfectly delineated the basement uplifts and the sedimentary thickening in depressions and grabens. The interpretation of gravimetric filtering, geological and hydrogeological data then highlighted two types of groundwater reservoirs, an unconfined aquifer hosted in conglomeratic mio-pliocene and quaternary rocks, covering the entire western Haouz and a deep confined aquifer contained in cenomanian-turonian limestone and eocene dolomitic formations in the south. Combining piezometric and residual anomaly maps revealed that groundwater flow and storage was in perfect agreement with the structures showing a negative anomaly, while structures with positive anomalies corresponded to groundwater divides. The study of gravity gradient zones by contact analysis enhanced the existing structural pattern of the study area and highlighted new structures, mainly oriented N70 and N130. The results of this study present a common framework and provide a notable step forward in the knowledge of the geometry and the groundwater flow pattern of the western Haouz aquifer, and will serve as a solid basis for a better water resource management. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Michard A.,Paris West University Nanterre La Defense | Mokhtari A.,Moulay Ismai University | Chalouan A.,Mohammed V University | Saddiqi O.,Hassan II University | And 2 more authors.
Bulletin de la Societe Geologique de France

Ophiolite slivers have been described recently in the core of the External zones of the Central Rif belt. The present work aims at illustrating new ophiolite slivers further east and discussing the structural position and tectonic emplacement of all these oceanic floor remnants. Their basement consists of gabbros previously dated at 166±3 Ma and their cover includes mafic breccias, micrites and radiolarites. These oceanic slivers are located within the Mesorif nappe stack at the bottom of the Senhadja nappe that roots beneath the Intrarif Ketama unit and was thrust over the more external Mesorif and Prerif units during the Cenozoic inversion of the North African paleomargin. These oceanic crust (OC) slivers belong to the same Mesorif suture zone as the Beni Malek serpentinites and Ait Amrane metabasites from eastern Rif that also include marbles with ophiolitic clasts and derive from an ocean-continent transition (OCT) domain. After examination of the varied hypotheses that have been suggested to account for the emplacement of these units in the External Rif, we propose that obduction sampled an oceanic corridor opened between the Mesorif and Intrarif domains at the emplacement of the Rif Triassic evaporite basin. The Intrarif block should have been then separated from the African passive margin and connected with the Flysch domain south of the passive margin of the Alboran domain. The pre-collision structure of the Rif transect would involve two hyper-extended passive margins separated by a narrow oceanic transform fault corridor. Therefore the Tethys suture in the western Maghrebides would be split by the Intrarif block and would involve the Flysch zone in the north and the ophiolite bearing Mesorif suture zone in the south. Source

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