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Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: Environment | Award Amount: 999.98K | Year: 2016

Joint Programming is a process combining a strategic framework, a bottom-up approach and high-level commitment from the Member States (MS). It builds on the experience gained from existing schemes, coordinating national programmes by contributing to the reduction in fragmentation of research efforts of MS, stepping up the mobilisation of skills, knowledge and resources, advancing research and innovation in the specific field. The JPI in Cultural Heritage and Global Change: a new Challenge for Europe - JPICH - was approved by the Council was launched in January 2010. The JPICH has defined the Vision Document, the Terms of Reference, the Strategic Research Agenda (SRA), an Action Programme and a monitoring and evaluation procedure. The experience gained over the past 4 years in JPICH development and implementation has been achieved through the active participation of 17 EU MS and AC and 8 Countries participating with the role of Observers. The present CSA JHEP2 Proposal intends to support the implementation of the Strategic Research Agenda following the recommendations emerging from the High level Group for joint programming (GPC) in the Biennial Report 2014 and in the Report on Alignment in the context of Joint Programming, which specifically address the recommendation to develop alignment of national research and innovation programmes and activities and application of qualitative and quantitative Key Performance Indicators (KPIs).The main objectives addressed within the present proposal are: - Develop effective and efficient governance of the alignment of the national research and innovation programmes. - Reinforce common activities on cultural heritage. - Apply quantitative and qualitative KPIs for monitoring an assessing the JPICH alignment process. The support to the JPICH with the present JHEP2 Proposal will be essential for achieving the above-mentioned objectives and proceed with the integration of the research area on Cultural Heritage.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-ERA-Plus | Phase: ENV.2013.6.5-6 | Award Amount: 9.29M | Year: 2013

The main objective of the HERITAGE PLUS proposal is to pool the necessary financial resources from the participating national programmes and the European Community and to launch a single Joint Call for Proposals for research projects in the cultural heritage field that will be evaluated and managed jointly by the participating programmes. The 18 Partners have a strong background in designing, promoting and managing transnational, collaborative research programmes having participated to the Era Net Projects NET HERITAGE, HERA and DCNET and implemented the Joint Programming Initiative Cultural Heritage and Global Change: a new challenge for Europe (JPICH). Within JPICH, the launch of the first pilot call, actually open, represents the factual commitment of Partners to implement transnational research programming. The HERITAGE PLUS project is fully in line with the JPICH as part of the implementation of the Strategic Research Agenda (SRA) and of the Action Programme. Consequently the HERITAGE PLUS call will be focused in topics on tangible cultural heritage research, developing new methodologies, technologies and products for the assessment, protection and management of historical and modern artefacts, buildings and sites, while not excluding interlinked aspects of digital and intangible heritage, following the interdisciplinary basic criteria on which the JPICH SRA devolved. This collaborative approach will provide a better use of public resources, while the European Community contribution to the Joint Call budget will stress the high interest generated by this common action. This ERA NET PLUS action will support the JPICH by proposing concrete solutions for pooling national expertise and resources and establishing closer and robust collaboration among the participating States in the field of cultural heritage. The HERITAGE PLUS action will improve the coordination of national research activities and policies in the domain of cultural heritage research.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: INFRA-2009-3.1 | Award Amount: 719.98K | Year: 2009

The main objective of the DC-NET project is to develop and to strengthen the co-ordination among the European countries of public research programmes in the sector of the digital cultural heritage. The project will contribute to the integration of the research capacities of the participant member states, will identify their communalities and will valorise existing programmes and projects in order to initiate the deployment of a wide and comprehensive European e-Infrastructure that will increase the research capacities of the digital cultural heritage community.The DC-NET project will contribute to the coordination of coordinate the research priorities of accessing of e-Infrastructures by the Ministries of Culture, their Agencies and other cultural bodies (museums, libraries, archives, audiovisual, archaeological sites, etc.) across Europe in the area of the eInfrastructures targeted to the digital cultural heritage. Eight governments and agencies will agree a set of common priorities for digital cultural heritage research and will work with e-Infrastructures providers to identify how best to carry out this research using the National Research and Education Networks. The project will coordinate the manner in which cultural actors can and should engage with national and European e-Infrastructures to generate innovative services, tools and data sets to support the multidisciplinary research of multidisciplinary communities. A programme of seminars, workshops, meetings and conferences will involve all the relevant stakeholders. A plan of joint activities for e-Infrastructure-enabled research in the sector of digital cultural heritage will be generated and the joint activities will be initiated.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: INFRA-2010-3.3 | Award Amount: 686.19K | Year: 2010

The INDICATE project will coordinate policy and best practice regarding the use of e-Infrastructures for digital cultural heritage in countries all around the Mediterranean.\n\nThe project will establish and nurture a network of common interest made up of experts and researchers in all the relevant fields, whose sustainability will be planned on a long term beyond the project duration. The network will share experience, promote standards and guidelines, seek harmonisation of best practice and policy and act as a conduit for knowledge transfer from countries with more experience of e-Infrastructures-enabled e-culture to those who are just beginning to investigate this area.\n\nThe project will be rooted in the reality of research pilots and case studies which will act as exemplars and demonstrators of the issues and the processes which are relevant to establishing cultural initiatives on the e-Infrastructures platform. The results will inform a wide-reaching dissemination work-package, including two major public best practice deliverables, one international conference, three technical workshops and one policy workshop.\n\nThe project builds on a wealth of experience in effective international coordination of digitisation, digital cultural heritage and e-Infrastructures-enabled culture. It takes full cognisance and advantage of e-Infrastructures and cultural projects which have gone before and will actively seek interaction and synergies with other projects in this area. The impact on international collaboration and on digital cultural heritage in the Mediterranean region will be substantial.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: ENV.2007. | Award Amount: 2.22M | Year: 2008

NET-HERITAGE is the first significant initiative ever attempting to coordinate national RTD programmes of European countries and support European RTD Programmes in the field of research applied to Protection for Tangible Cultural Heritage. It aims to exert a massive, positive impact through the following objectives: - provide an integrated picture of the state of the art of cultural heritage research in EUMember States and at the European level; -overcome the lack of a coordinated research structure in this specific and multidisciplinary sector, with programmes fostering integration between art-history-conservation-maintenance-restoration areas and architectural-chemical-physics-engineering areas; - limit fragmentation within and among national research programmes, identifying common strategic priorities for research and programmes; - create effective actions to stimulate the exploitation of research results, and underpin cooperation between researchers and cultural heritage institutions for the application of identified solutions; - face problems due to insufficient and dispersed funding, in terms of local level and size of funding, compared to other research sectors; - favour exchange between national and European work programmes, to avoid a single top-down approach. NET-HERITAGE intends to achieve the following main outcomes: - coordinating actions within the EU partnership; - favouring protection of moveable and immoveable tangible cultural heritage; - expanding the potential of the cultural heritage research sector; - enhancing dissemination of research results and news in the field of protection of tangible cultural heritage; - increasing the visibility of the socio-economic importance of this sector; - supporting educational and training programmes and activities in the sector; - developing a common framework of policies for improving cultural heritage protection; - favouring common actions to promote Cultural Heritage research outside EU

Le Jeune Y.,Ministere de la Culture et de la Communication | Le Jeune Y.,University of Paris Pantheon Sorbonne | Leroyer C.,University of Rennes 1 | Pastre J.-F.,University of Paris Pantheon Sorbonne
Geomorphologie: Relief, Processus, Environnement | Year: 2012

In the lower valley of the Marne River, valley-bottom infilling was studied at various sites. The combination of sedimentary records, palynological analysis, 14C dating and consideration of archaeological data has enabled reconstruction of valley-bottom evolution during the Holocene. The beginning of the Holocene is characterised by strong incision into older alluvial deposits dating from the previous cold period. During the Preboreal and the Boreal, the river became gradually deeper, laying down organic deposits near its edges, whereas laminated calcareous muds formed in deeper water. Palynological data show minor and localised impact of Mesolithic human occupation on the environment. After incision that could be connected to the 82 ka event, the Atlantic period is mainly represented by calcareous tufa (oncoliths) and organic deposits. During that time, pollen data show the gradual development of early Neolithic agricultural activities at catchment scale. However, the valley bottom remains largely free of detrital (clastic) deposits until the Subboreal period. The first significant silt deposition in the Marne valley bottom occurs during the Subboreal, more than one millennium after the first substantial forest clearing. Subsequently the enhancement of agricultural activities triggers massive loess erosion on the slopes. Secondary and main channels become filled by several metres of silt. The evolution of this system emphasises the passage from climatic to anthropogenic control. Moreover, these results establish a reference Holocene alluvial sequence for the Paris basin.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: ENV-2011.3.2.2-1 | Award Amount: 2.24M | Year: 2011

Europes cultural heritage is the worlds most diverse and rich patrimony attracting millions of visitors every year to monuments, historical city centres, archaeological sites and museums. Moreover, heritage is an important component of individual and collective identity. In both its tangible, intangible and digital forms, it contributes to the cohesion of the European Union and plays a fundamental role in European integration by creating relations among citizens. The JPI on Cultural Heritage and Global Change: a new Challenge for Europe has recently defined a common vision which needs to be translated into a Strategic Research Agenda. A CA is needed to allow Member States and Associated Countries to implement the Joint Programming for jointly providing areas where public research programmes can respond to major societal challenges. This, in turn, will need to be implemented under an adequate management structure, with associated activities to both disseminate the objectives and initial achievements, and provide an evaluation framework for addressing its impact. JHEP intends to structure and support this JPI to implement the action programme for the area of research on cultural heritage in a changing world. The main objectives of JHEP are therefore: - Providing necessary administrative and logistical support to the meetings of the Governing Board, Executive Board, Scientific Committee and Advisory Board required for the development and implementation of the SRA and Action Programme. definition of strategic and scientific priorities to develop the scientific research agenda implementation of joint and coordinated research activities - extension of the partnership, cooperation at global levels and with international and NG organizations, evaluation and monitoring of the joint activities, - engagement of stakeholders through a communication plan to ensure the translation of research outputs into practice and policy.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.4.3 | Award Amount: 11.31M | Year: 2008

The 3D-COFORM project will advance the state-of-the-art in 3D-digitsation and make 3D-documentation an everyday practical choice for digital documentation campaigns in the cultural heritage sector. The project addresses all aspects of 3D-capture, 3D-processing, the semantics of shape, material properties, metadata and provenance, integration with other sources (textual and other media); search, research and dissemination to the public and professional alike. A strong technical research program is complemented by research into practical business aspects: business models for exploitation of 3D assets, workflow planning and execution for mass digitisation, socio-economic impact assessment; and above all the creation of a Virtual Centre of Competence in 3D digitization. The VCC-3D will act as a catalyst in enhancing the sectors capacity for mass digitization of 3D assets the tangible artefacts of the physical cultural heritage of the world. The 3D-COFORM consortium brings together 19 partners, mainly former core partners in the EPOCH NoE, to form a world class team on 3D-digisation complemented by an equally prestigious group of Cultural Heritage organizations, with the Victoria and Albert Museum as a full partner and signed-up collaborations from the Louvre, the Florentine Museums authority, the Museum of the Imperial Forums in Rome, World Heritage Sites in Cyprus and the Staatliche Museen zu Berlin. The consortium also contains organizations tasked at a national level with helping museums move in these directions: CNRS-LC2RMF, the research arm of the French National Museums and CultNat the digitization body for cultural and natural heritage funded by the Egyptian Government. The combination in 3D-COFORM of research and take-up activities (VCC-3D) will contribute decisively to reinforce 3D-digitisation capability and to the realisation of the objectives of the European initiative on digital libraries and its flagship project Europeana (European Digital Library).

Walsh K.,University of York | Court-Picon M.,Aix - Marseille University | Court-Picon M.,Royal Belgian Institute Of Natural Sciences | de Beaulieu J.-L.,Aix - Marseille University | And 7 more authors.
Quaternary International | Year: 2014

This paper elucidates the nature of human-environment interactions in a mountainous landscape (the southern zone of the Ecrins, French Alps) from the Mesolithic through to the Post-Medieval Period. We present an integrated programme of palynology, pedo- and archaeo-anthracology, and archaeology. These data permit the development of a historical ecology that allows us to differentiate between climatic and anthropogenic influences on vegetation, and the development of anthropogenic landscapes in an Alpine region. This study is of profound relevance for the broader understanding of human-environment interactions in ecologically sensitive environments both within the Alpine arc, but also beyond this region.We identify and explain evidence for possible human landscape management practices in a high altitude landscape. Palynology defines the broad floral context and evolution of the environment through the Holocene. Palynology also permits an assessment of human activities and practices (arable agriculture, pastoralism and haymaking). The combination of these data with anthracological and archaeological evidence permits a nuanced assessment of human interaction with the landscape. We consider phases of anthropological-ecological succession across the range of altitudes, from valley-bottom to the alpine zones in the Ecrins National Park.Four important stages of landscape use and change have been inferred from our evidence: the Mesolithic, the Chalcolithic/Bronze Age, Iron Age and Roman, and (Post)Medieval. During the Mesolithic (. c. 8000-4500 BC), a major event is the expansion of fir in the montane stage. At higher altitudes, people exploit the ecotone, defined by the forest edge (or tree-line): an ideal zone for hunting. The Neolithic sees low-altitude clearances, but a continuation of hunting and low levels of human impact on high-altitude vegetation. The Chalcolithic/Bronze Age (2400-1000 BC) sees complex interplay of climatic changes, and the appearance of direct human intervention in the high altitude landscape as part of a new transhumant system. Although the Roman Period is characterised by phases of climatic amelioration after the deterioration of the Iron Age, the increase in human activity that is usually seen in low-lying areas is not reflected in the sub-alpine and alpine altitudes. The Medieval Period, including the Little Ice Age, witnesses a steady increase in human use of these landscapes, with forest manipulation and clearance becoming the defining characteristics of these areas. Despite the supposed inclement nature of the Little Ice Age, human activity achieves its zenith, and the combination people and climate produces the most open and managed landscape of the Holocene. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA.

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