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D'Annibale A.,Minimally Invasive and Robotic Surgical Unit | Lucandri G.,Minimally Invasive and Robotic Surgical Unit | Monsellato I.,Minimally Invasive and Robotic Surgical Unit | De Angelis M.,Minimally Invasive and Robotic Surgical Unit | And 4 more authors.
International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery | Year: 2012

Background: Adrenal surgery is undergoing continuous evolution, and robotic technology may extend indications for a minimally invasive approach to adrenalectomy. Methods: Thirty robot-assisted unilateral transperitoneal adrenalectomy procedures have been performed at our Department over the last 5 years. The presence of bilateral lesions and vascular involvement were the only contra-indications for a minimally invasive approach. Several patients presented with significant co-morbidities: BMI>35kg/m2 (20%); ASA score III-IV (58.7%); and moderate to severe impaired respiratory function (36.6%). In addition, 40% of patients had undergone previous abdominal surgery. Results: Two patients presented with intra-operative complications (6.6%) and only one patient required conversion to an open procedure (3.3%). None of the patients required intraoperative transfusions. Hospital morbidity was 10% but no mortality was recorded. The mean hospital stay was 5.2±2.2 days. The mean size of the resected adrenal mass was 5.1±2.4cm. A significant reduction in operative times was found with gaining experience. Conclusions: Thanks to robotic technology, some subpopulations of patients with clinical or oncological contra-indications to laparoscopic treatment may be addressed with minimally invasive treatment. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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