Liu K.-K.,University of Warwick |
Wu R.,National Tsing Hua University |
Chuang Y.,Ming Chuang University |
Khoo H.S.,National Tsing Hua University |
And 3 more authors.
Sensors | Year: 2010
In the past two decades, Micro Fluidic Systems (MFS) have emerged as a powerful tool for biosensing, particularly in enriching and purifying molecules and cells in biological samples. Compared with conventional sensing techniques, distinctive advantages of using MFS for biomedicine include ultra-high sensitivity, higher throughput, in-situ monitoring and lower cost. This review aims to summarize the recent advancements in two major types of micro fluidic systems, continuous and discrete MFS, as well as their biomedical applications. The state-of-the-art of active and passive mechanisms of fluid manipulation for mixing, separation, purification and concentration will also be elaborated. Future trends of using MFS in detection at molecular or cellular level, especially in stem cell therapy, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, are also prospected. © 2010 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Source
Jiang S.S.,National Health Research Institute |
Fang W.-T.,National Health Research Institute |
Hou Y.-H.,National Health Research Institute |
Hou Y.-H.,Central Taiwan University of Science and Technology |
And 17 more authors.
Clinical Cancer Research | Year: 2010
Purpose: SOX9 is an important transcription factor required for development and has been implicated in several types of cancer. However, SOX9 has never been linked to lung cancer to date. Here, we show that SOX9 expression is upregulated in lung adenocarcinoma and show how it is associated with cancer cell growth. Experimental Design: Data mining with five microarray data sets containing 490 clinical samples, quantitative reverse transcription-PCR validation assay in 57 independent samples, and immunohistochemistry assay with tissue microarrays containing 170 lung tissue cores were used to profile SOX9 mRNA and protein expression. Short interference RNA suppression of SOX9 in cell lines was used to scrutinize functional role(s) of SOX9 and associated molecular mechanisms. Results: SOX9 mRNA and protein were consistently overexpressed in the majority of lung adenocarcinoma. Knockdown of SOX9 in lung adenocarcinoma cell lines resulted in marked decrease of adhesive and anchorage-independent growth in concordance with the upregulation of p21 (CDKN1A) and downregulation of CDK4. In agreement with higher SOX9 expression level in lung adenocarcinoma, the p21 mRNA level was significantly lower in tumors than that in normal tissues, whereas the opposite was true for CDK4, supporting the notion that SOX9 negatively and positively regulated p21 and CDK4, respectively. Finally, whereas SOX9-knockdown cells showed significantly attenuated tumorigenicity in mice, SOX9 transfectants consistently showed markedly stronger tumorigenicity. Conclusions: Our data suggest that SOX9 is a new hallmark of lung adenocarcinoma, in which SOX9 might contribute to gain of tumor growth potential, possibly acting through affecting the expression of cell cycle regulators p21 and CDK4. ©2010 AACR. Source
Chen M.-H.,Far Eastern Memorial Hospital |
Sun J.-S.,National Taiwan University Hospital |
Liao S.-Y.,National Yang Ming University |
Tai P.-A.,Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital |
And 6 more authors.
Connective Tissue Research | Year: 2015
Purpose: There are limited strategies to restore the damaged annulus fibrosus (AF) of the intervertebral disc. Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) has positive effects on the proliferation of several types of cells and the repair of damage tissue in vivo. However, scientific evidence of therapeutic effects of LIPUS on AF cells remains limited. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of applying LIPUS to the repair of the AF. Materials and methods: We used an in vitro model of human AF cells subjected to LIPUS stimulation to examine its effects on cell proliferation and matrix metabolism. Cell viability, synthesis of collagen and glycosaminoglycan (GAG), expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and transforming growth factor β1 and pathways involving mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) were investigated. Results: LIPUS significantly enhanced proliferation of AF cells after 5 days of treatment. LIPUS with an intensity of 0.5W/cm2 increased the collagen and GAG synthesis and decreased the expressions of MMP-1 and -3 of human AF cells. Real-time polymerase chain reactions and western blotting analysis revealed that LIPUS could increase transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) and activate extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway. In addition, TGF-β receptor kinase inhibitor could suppress the ultrasound-induced alterations in cell viability and matrix metabolism. Conclusions: The findings suggested that LIPUS could be useful as a physical stimulation of cell metabolism for the repair of the AF. © 2015 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc. Source
Wang T.-H.,Tissue Bank |
Chang J.-L.,Ming Chuang University |
Ho J.-Y.,A-Life Medical |
Wu H.-C.,Tissue Bank |
And 2 more authors.
FEBS Journal | Year: 2012
Colon cancer is one of the most common human cancers worldwide. Owing to its aggressiveness and lethality, it is necessary to determine the mechanisms regulating the carcinogenesis of colon cancer. EphrinA5 has been reported to act as a putative tumor suppressor in glioma; however, little is known concerning the role of this protein in the context of colon cancer. To elucidate the biological significance of ephrinA5 in colon cancer, we examined ephrinA5 and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression profiles in both colon cancer and normal tissues, using immunohistochemistry on a 96-spot tissue microarray. Gain-of-function and loss-of-function experiments were performed on the human colon cancer cell lines SW480 and WiDr to determine the biological effects of ephrinA5 in relation to cell proliferation, survival, and migration. It was found that ephrinA5 mRNA and protein levels were significantly reduced in colon cancer as compared with normal colon tissue specimens. EphrinA5 expression was also negatively associated with tumor differentiation and clinical stage. In colon cancer cell line models, ephrinA5 exerted an inhibitory effect on EGFR by promoting c-Cbl-mediated EGFR ubiquitination and degradation. EphrinA5 did not affect the transcriptional regulation of EGFR mRNA expression in colon cancer cells. Expression of ephrinA5 suppressed colon cancer cell proliferation, migration, and chemotherapeutic resistance. In conclusion, ephrinA5 inhibited colon cancer progression by promoting c-Cbl-mediated EGFR degradation. Our findings identify a novel mechanism that could be utilized to improve the therapeutic efficiency of EGFR-targeting strategies. We investigated the role of ephrinA5 during colon cancer progression. In colon cancer cell line models, ephrinA5 exerted an inhibitory effect on epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) by promoting c-Cbl-mediated EGFR degradation and reduced colon cancer cell proliferation, migration, and chemotherapeutic resistance. Our findings identify a novel mechanism that could be utilized to improve the therapeutic efficiency of EGFR targeting strategies. © 2011 FEBS. Source