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Jean S.-S.,Min Sheng General Hospital | Hsueh P.-R.,National Taiwan University Hospital
Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy | Year: 2011

Nosocomial pneumonia (including ventilator-associated pneumonia; VAP), a consistently difficult-to-treat entity, is frequently caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) or pandrug-resistant (PDR) bacteria. Given the high mortality rates caused by drug-resistant bacteria and the difficulty of developing new potent antibiotics to target the problematic pathogens, combination regimens are under ardent evaluation as new strategies to overcome increasing drug resistance. Adjustment of the administration method of certain β-lactams (meropenem, or imipenem/cilastatin), or combination of tigecycline with some agents, may show promise with regard to successful management of MDR or PDR Acinetobacter baumannii pneumonia. Additionally, vancomycin plus rifampicin is an effective regimen against nosocomial pneumonia caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) responding poorly to vancomycin monotherapy. The clinical appropriateness of parenteral colistin against pneumonia caused by MDR A. baumannii has been established in a clinical trial. Facing the decline of clinical vancomycin efficacy after initial use, linezolid might be the drug of choice with regard to the treatment of MRSA-VAP. The role of tigecycline monotherapy for the management of nosocomial pneumonia caused by MRSA and extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae needs to be cautiously evaluated. © 2011 Informa UK, Ltd. Source

Wu C.C.,Min Sheng General Hospital
Asian journal of endoscopic surgery | Year: 2013

Gastric cancer in the stomach after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or mini-gastric bypass is rare, but a few cases have been reported since 1991, when the first case emerged. According to the literature, the interval between bypass surgery and the diagnosis of cancer ranged from 1 to 22 years. Given the difficulty of monitoring a bypassed stomach, the potential for gastric cancer must be considered, especially in countries with high incidence of this cancer. The literature reported the first case in the Asia-Pacific region - a woman developed advanced gastric cancer in her stomach 9 years after laparoscopic mini-gastric bypass for morbid obesity. © 2013 Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery, Asia Endosurgery Task Force and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd. Source

Lee W.J.,Min Sheng General Hospital
Asian journal of endoscopic surgery | Year: 2013

Laparoscopic surgery has been widely adopted and new technical innovation, procedures and evidence based knowledge are persistently emerging. This review documents recent major advancements in laparoscopic surgery. A PubMed search was made in order to identify recent advances in this field. We reviewed the recent data on randomized trials in this field as well as papers of systematic review. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the most frequently performed procedure, followed by laparoscopic bariatric surgery. Although bile duct injuries are relatively uncommon (0.15%-0.6%), intraoperative cholangiography still plays a role in reducing the cost of litigation. Laparoscopic bariatric surgery is the most commonly performed laparoscopic gastrointestinal surgery in the USA, and laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication is the treatment of choice for intractable gastroesophageal reflux disease. Recent randomized trials have demonstrated that laparoscopic gastric and colorectal cancer resection are safe and oncologically correct procedures. Laparoscopic surgery has also been widely developed in hepatic, pancreatic, gynecological and urological surgery. Recently, SILS and robotic surgery have penetrated all specialties of abdominal surgery. However, evidence-based medicine has failed to show major advantages in SILS, and the disadvantage of robotic surgery is the high costs related to purchase and maintenance of technology. Laparoscopic surgery has become well developed in recent decades and is the choice of treatment in abdominal surgery. Recently developed SILS techniques and robotic surgery are promising but their benefits remain to be determined. © 2012 Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery, Asia Endosurgery Task Force and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd. Source

Leung H.W.,Cancer Center | Chan A.L.,Min Sheng General Hospital | Lo D.,Taipei Medical University | Leung J.H.,Utopia.de | Chen H.-L.,Chi Mei Medical Center
Expert Opinion on Drug Safety | Year: 2013

Objective: To investigate whether the use of statins is associated with common cancer risk. Methods: A population-based case-control study was conducted in Taiwan. Cases were defined as all patients who were aged 18 years and older and had received at least two statin prescriptions for use continuously for at least 6 months before a first-time diagnosis of studied cancers between the period of 2000 and 2008. The controls were matched to cases by age, sex, and index date. Adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated by using the Cox proportional hazards model. Results: A total of 6841 cases and 27,364 matched controls were analyzed. The adjusted hazard ratio for any statin use and cancer at any site were 0.76 (95% 0.654, 0.891). There were a significant reduced risk of gastric cancer (HR: 0.26, 95% CI: 0.107, 0.588), liver cancer (HR: 0.44, 95% CI: 0.279, 0.723) and uterine cancer (HR: 0.44, 95% CI: 0.279, 0.723) associated with any statins. Conclusion: Overall, the statins suggested a significant reduced risk of the most common cancers in a large Chinese population, particularly in gastric, liver, and uterine cancers. © 2013 Informa UK, Ltd. Source

Ngiam K.Y.,Khoo Teck Puat Hospital | Lee W.-J.,Min Sheng General Hospital | Lee Y.-C.,Chien Hsin University of Science and Technology | Cheng A.,Khoo Teck Puat Hospital
Obesity Surgery | Year: 2014

High glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) is strongly correlated with developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) complications; this study reviews the efficacy of various types of metabolic surgeries in reducing HbA1c levels in type 2 diabetics with BMI <35 kg/m2. An electronic search of MEDLINE databases using terms 'metabolic surgery', type 2 diabetes mellitus, BMI <35 kg/m2, and related keywords for studies published between 1987 and 2013. Data from 53 articles with 2,258 patients were selected for this review. The weighted mean change in HbA1c was -2.8 % (95 % CI -2.8 to -2.7, p < 0.01) and weighted mean BMI change was -5.5 kg/m2 (95 % CI -5.6 to -5.4, p < 0.01). There was a strong correlation between weighted percentage mean change in HbA1c and BMI. Adjustable gastric banding and duodenal jejunal bypass were inferior to other surgeries in reducing BMI and HbA1c in BMI <35 kg/m2. Metabolic surgery significantly decreases HbA1c in T2DM patients with BMI <35 kg/m2 and that the magnitude of HbA1c change may be a useful surrogate of DM control. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

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