Pathology MIMSR Medical College

Latur, India

Pathology MIMSR Medical College

Latur, India
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Ingle S.B.,Pathology MIMSR Medical College
Biomedicine (India) | Year: 2017

Introduction and Aim: Diabetes mellitus type II (formerly noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or adult-onset diabetes) is a metabolic disorder that is characterized by hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) in the context of insulin resistance and relative lack of insulin. Obesity is thought to be the primary cause of type 2 diabetes in people who are genetically predisposed to the disease (although this is not the case in people of East-Asian ancestry). Materials and Methods: This study consisted of 100 type II DM and 100 normal healthy males in the age group of 40-60 years. The Body mass index (BMI) and waist circumferences were compared and their correlation was studied in patients with type II DM and normal healthy male subjects of age group 40-60 years. Results: The present study showed a significant increase in BMI (p=0.04) and WC (p<0.0010) in the diabetic group. Abdominal obesity was significantly higher in diabetic group when compared to the healthy group. Both BMI and WC independently contributes to the prediction of the total, and abdominal subcutaneous and visceral fat and thus recommends health care practitioners routinely use both anthropometric variables to identify those at increased health risk. Conclusion: In the present study, a diabetic group had significantly higher BMI and WC when compared to healthy group suggesting the higher prevalence of general obesity in particular abdominal obesity in the diabetic group. Simple anthropometric measures like BMI and WC can independently contribute to the prediction of risk factors for CVD and can be routinely used to identify those at risk.

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