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Urbana, IL, United States

Khaliq W.,Johns Hopkins University | Uzoaru I.,Carle Foundation Hospital | Konchanin R.P.,Carle Foundation Hospital | Sapiente R.A.,Mills Breast Cancer Institute | Egner J.R.,Illinois College
ONCOLOGY | Year: 2010

Plasmacytoma is a rare B-lymphocyte neoplastic disorder that usually presents as the generalized disease multiple myeloma. Less than 5% of the cases present as a solitary mass of monoclonal plasma cells in the bone or soft tissue. Although solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma (SEP) may arise in any organ, it rarely involves the urinary bladder. A 67-year-old male without a history of multiple myeloma presented with urinary frequency and nocturia; he was later diagnosed with SEP of the bladder. The patient was initially treated with a course of radiation therapy without symptomatic improvement; therefore a chemotherapy regimen consisting of lenalidomide and dexamethasone was subsequently given for six cycles. SEP usually carries a better prognosis and higher cure rate than solitary plasmacytoma of bone, as SEP is radiation sensitive. The role of adjuvant chemotherapy in the treatment of SEP that is resistant to radiation therapy is not clear, since most of the recommendations have been derived from the experience of head and neck SEP. The literature also lacks recommendations for choice of a chemotherapy regimen and surveillance of isolated bladder plasmacytoma. Here we present the first case of a radiation-resistant solitary plasmacytoma of the bladder that was successfully treated with lenalidomide and dexamethasone with successful clinical remission.

Ghoshal G.,Acoustic Med System | Wu Z.,Center for the Physics of Living Cells | Bromfield C.R.,Agricultural Animal Care and Use Program | Williams E.M.,Acoustic Med System | And 9 more authors.
ACS Nano | Year: 2015

Repurposing of existing cancer drugs to overcome their physical limitations, such as insolubility, represents an attractive strategy to achieve enhanced therapeutic efficacy and broaden the range of clinical applications. Such an approach also promises to offer substantial cost savings in drug development efforts. Here we repurposed FDA-approved topical agent bexarotene (Targretin), currently in limited use for cutaneous manifestations of T-cell lymphomas, and re-engineer it for use in solid tumor applications by forming self-assembling nanobubbles. Physico-chemical characterization studies of the novel prodrug nanobubbles demonstrated their stability, enhanced target cell internalization capability, and highly controlled release profile in response to application of focused ultrasound energy. Using an in vitro model of hepatocellular carcinoma and an in vivo large animal model of liver ablation, we demonstrate the effectiveness of bexarotene prodrug nanobubbles when used in conjunction with catheter-based ultrasound, thereby highlighting the therapeutic promise of this trimodal approach. © 2015 American Chemical Society.

Bergamaschi A.,University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign | Frasor J.,University of Illinois at Chicago | Borgen K.,University of Illinois at Chicago | Stanculescu A.,University of Illinois at Chicago | And 4 more authors.
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment | Year: 2013

The 14-3-3ζ gene, on 8q22, is often amplified in breast cancer and encodes a survival factor that interacts with and stabilizes many key signaling proteins. We examined the relationship between the expression of 14-3-3ζ, estrogen receptor α (ERα), and other parameters (tumor size, grade, nodal status, progesterone receptor, HER2, EGFR, and p53) in matched primary and recurrence tumor tissue and how these factors impact time to recurrence, properties of the recurred tumors, and site of metastasis. In this cohort of over 100 patients, median time to recurrence was 3 years (range 1-17 years). Our analyses of primary tumor microarray cores revealed that 14-3-3ζ status was significantly correlated with tumor grade, size, and ERα. Women with 14-3-3ζ-positive and ERα-negative tumors had the earliest time to recurrence (median 1 yr, p < 0.001, hazard ratio 2.89), while median time to recurrence was 7 years for 14-3-3ζ-negative and ER-positive tumors. Of recurred tumors, 70-75 % were positive for 14-3-3ζ, up from the 45 % positivity of primary tumors. High expression of 14-3-3ζ also correlated with site of recurrence and showed a propensity for distant metastases to lung and chest wall. Multifactor correlation regression analysis revealed 14-3-3ζ to be a non-redundant, independent variable that adds clinical strength in predicting risk for early recurrence in ER-positive and -negative breast cancers, providing information beyond that of all other clinical pathological features examined. Thus, high expression of 14-3-3ζ in the primary tumor was significantly associated with earlier time to recurrence and with distant metastasis. Furthermore, even when the primary breast cancers were negative-low for 14-3-3ζ, the majority acquired increased expression in the recurrence. The findings underscore the detrimental role played by 14-3-3ζ in tumor aggressiveness and suggest that reducing its expression or interfering with its actions might substantially improve the clinical outcome for breast cancer patients. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

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