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Ellmauthaler A.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | Pagliari C.L.,Military Institute of Engineering of Rio de Janeiro | Da Silva E.A.B.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
IEEE Transactions on Image Processing

Multiscale transforms are among the most popular techniques in the field of pixel-level image fusion. However, the fusion performance of these methods often deteriorates for images derived from different sensor modalities. In this paper, we demonstrate that for such images, results can be improved using a novel undecimated wavelet transform (UWT)-based fusion scheme, which splits the image decomposition process into two successive filtering operations using spectral factorization of the analysis filters. The actual fusion takes place after convolution with the first filter pair. Its significantly smaller support size leads to the minimization of the unwanted spreading of coefficient values around overlapping image singularities. This usually complicates the feature selection process and may lead to the introduction of reconstruction errors in the fused image. Moreover, we will show that the nonsubsampled nature of the UWT allows the design of nonorthogonal filter banks, which are more robust to artifacts introduced during fusion, additionally improving the obtained results. The combination of these techniques leads to a fusion framework, which provides clear advantages over traditional multiscale fusion approaches, independent of the underlying fusion rule, and reduces unwanted side effects such as ringing artifacts in the fused reconstruction. © 1992-2012 IEEE. Source

Borges Jr. I.,Military Institute of Engineering of Rio de Janeiro
Journal of Molecular Modeling

Singlet, triplet and ionized states of the energetic molecule 1,1-diamino-2,2-dinitroethylene, known as FOX-7 or DADNE, were investigated using the symmetry-adapted-cluster configuration interaction (SAC-CI) ab initio wave function. The 20 computed singlet transitions, with 2 exceptions, were bright. The most intense singlet transitions were of the nO→π type-typical of molecules having nitro groups. Fast intersystem crossing (ISC) from the 11A, 21A and 81A bright singlet transitions is possible. Other feasible ISC processes are discussed. The computed singlet and ionization spectra have similar features when compared to nitramide and N,N-dimethylnitramine molecules, which have only a nitro group. The ionization energies of the first 20 states have differences in comparison with Koopmans' energy values that can reach 3 eV. Moreover, the character of the first ionized states, dominated by single ionizations, is not the same when compared with the character resulting from application of Koopmans' theorem. © 2014 Springer-Verlag. Source

Dias M.H.C.,Military Institute of Engineering of Rio de Janeiro | De Assis M.S.,Federal University of Fluminense
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation

A vegetation path loss model was derived from measurements performed in a downtown park in Rio de Janeiro city, from 0.9 to 1.8 GHz. The resulting equation followed the general formulation in ITU-R Recommendation P.833. A comparative analysis was carried out with other empirical models, assessing statistical adherence to the available data. Coherent results were observed. © 2006 IEEE. Source

Silva W.B.,Military Institute of Engineering of Rio de Janeiro | Freitas C.C.,National Institute for Space Research | Sant'Anna S.J.S.,National Institute for Space Research | Frery A.C.,Federal University of Alagoas
IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing

A new classifier for Polarimetric SAR (PolSAR) images is proposed and assessed in this paper. Its input consists of segments, and each one is assigned the class which minimizes a stochastic distance. Assuming the complex Wishart model, several stochastic distances are obtained from the h-φ family of divergences, and they are employed to derive hypothesis test statistics that are also used in the classification process. This article also presents, as a novelty, analytic expressions for the test statistics based on the following stochastic distances between complex Wishart models: Kullback-Leibler, Bhattacharyya, Hellinger, Rényi, and Chi-Square; also, the test statistic based on the Bhattacharyya distance between multivariate Gaussian distributions is presented. The classifier performance is evaluated using simulated and real PolSAR data. The simulated data are based on the complex Wishart model, aiming at the analysis of the proposal with controlled data. The real data refer to a complex L-band image, acquired during the 1994 SIR-C mission. The results of the proposed classifier are compared with those obtained by a Wishart per-pixel/contextual classifier, and we show the better performance of the region-based classification. The influence of the statistical modeling is assessed by comparing the results using the Bhattacharyya distance between multivariate Gaussian distributions for amplitude data. The results with simulated data indicate that the proposed classification method has very good performance when the data follow the Wishart model. The proposed classifier also performs better than the per-pixel/contextual classifier and the Bhattacharyya Gaussian distance using SIR-C PolSAR data. © 2013 IEEE. Source

Guimaraes A.,Military Institute of Engineering of Rio de Janeiro | Ait-El-Fquih B.,Orange S.A. | Desbouvries F.,Orange S.A.
IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications

We introduce a new sequential importance sampling (SIS) algorithm which propagates in time a Monte Carlo approximation of the posterior fixed-lag smoothing distribution of the symbols under doubly-selective channels. We perform an exact evaluation of the optimal importance distribution, at a reduced computational cost when compared to other optimal solutions proposed for the same state-space model. The method is applied as a soft input-soft output (SISO) blind equalizer in a turbo receiver framework and simulation results are obtained to show its outstanding BER performance. © 2010 IEEE. Source

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