Hospital of Military Tunis

Tunis, Tunisia

Hospital of Military Tunis

Tunis, Tunisia

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Jemaa A.B.,University of Carthage | Bouraoui Y.,University of Carthage | Rais N.B.,Hospital of Military Tunis | Nouira Y.,Hospital of La Rabta Tunis | Oueslati R.,University of Carthage
Immunobiology | Year: 2016

Background: Several PSMA-PSA prostate clones have been identified during prostate cancer progression; however, until now, their . in situ inflammatory characteristics have remained unclear. Aim: We therefore investigated the interplay between proinflammatory cytokines and (PSMA,PSA) sub-groups. Materials and methods: 27 benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) and 18 prostate cancers (PC) were enrolled in this study. Immunohistochemical analysis was performed. Serum levels of PSA were assayed by Immulite autoanalyser. Results: In BPH and PC patients with elevated serum PSA levels, IL-1α was the most proinflammatory cytokine expressed in (PSMA+,PSA-) subgroup. However, most samples of (PSMA+,PSA+) subgroup had positive immunoreaction to IL-6. In samples of PC with PSA serum levels of 4-20. ng/mL or >20. ng/mL, immunoreaction to TNF-α was seen only in (PSMA+,PSA+) subgroup. Interestingly, several combinations of proinflammatory cytokines (IL-6, IL-1α and TNF-α) showed that coexpression of tissue PSMA and PSA was concomitant with high immunoreactions to (IL-6+,TNF-α-), (IL-6+,IL-1α+) and (IL-1α+,TNFα-) in BPH and PC patients. (PSMA,PSA) subgroup lacking tissue PSA expression showed a high immunoexpression of the profile (IL-6+,TNF-α-). The combinations of (IL-6-, TNF-α-) and (IL-6-, IL-1α-) were absent in (PSMA+,PSA-) and (PSMA+,PSA+) BPH sub-groups. Conclusion: Collectively, these findings underscore the importance of TNF-α and highlight the interaction between IL-6 and IL-1α to generate an inflammatory microenvironment in driving (PSMA,PSA) prostate clones. © 2016 Elsevier GmbH.


Amine M.,Hospital of Military Tunis | Dridi M.,Hospital of Military Tunis | Teyeb M.,Hospital of Military Tunis | Mohamed M.O.S.,Hospital of Military Tunis | And 3 more authors.
Journal of the Canadian Urological Association | Year: 2010

Introduction: To increase the detection rate of prostate cancer in recent years, we examined the increase in the number of cores taken at initial prostate biopsy. We hypothesized that an increasing number of cores may undermine the accuracy of models predicting the presence of prostate cancer at initial biopsy in patients submitted to 20-core initial biopsy. Methods: A total of 232 consecutive patients with prostatespecific antigen (PSA) between 4 and 20 ng/mL and/or abnormal digital rectal examination (DRE) underwent 12-core prostate biopsy protocol (group 1) or 20-core prostate biopsy protocol (group 2). The patients were divided into subgroups according to the results of their serum PSA and prostate volume. We evaluated the cancer detection rate overall and in each subgroup. Clinical data were analyzed using chi-square analysis and the unpaired t-test or 1-way ANOVA with significance considered at 0.05. Results: The 2 groups of patients were not significantly different with regard to parameters (age, abnormal DRE and serum PSA), although median prostate volume in group 1 (57.76 ± 26.94 cc) were slighter greater than in group 2. Cancer detection rate for patients submitted to 20 prostate biopsy was higher than patients submitted to 12 prostate biopsy (35.2% vs. 25%, p = 0.095). Breakdown to PSA level showed a benefit to 20 prostate biopsy for PSA <6 ng/mL (37.1% vs. 12.9%, p = 0.005). Stratifying results by prostate volume, we found that the improvement of cancer detection rate with 20 prostate biopsy was significant in patients with a prostate volume greater than 60 cc (55% in 20 prostate biopsy vs. 11.3% p < 0.05). Morbidity rates were identical in groups 1 and 2 with no statistically significant difference. There appeared to be no greater risk of infection and bleeding with 20 prostate biopsy protocol. Conclusion: The 20-core biopsy protocol was more efficient than the 12-core biopsy protocol, especially in patients with prostate specific antigen <6 ng/mL and prostate volume greater than 60 cc. © 2010 Canadian Urological Association.


PubMed | Hospital of Military Tunis
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Canadian Urological Association journal = Journal de l'Association des urologues du Canada | Year: 2010

To increase the detection rate of prostate cancer in recent years, we examined the increase in the number of cores taken at initial prostate biopsy. We hypothesized that an increasing number of cores may undermine the accuracy of models predicting the presence of prostate cancer at initial biopsy in patients submitted to 20-core initial biopsy.A total of 232 consecutive patients with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) between 4 and 20 ng/mL and/or abnormal digital rectal examination (DRE) underwent 12-core prostate biopsy protocol (group 1) or 20-core prostate biopsy protocol (group 2). The patients were divided into subgroups according to the results of their serum PSA and prostate volume. We evaluated the cancer detection rate overall and in each subgroup. Clinical data were analyzed using chi-square analysis and the unpaired t-test or 1-way ANOVA with significance considered at 0.05.The 2 groups of patients were not significantly different with regard to parameters (age, abnormal DRE and serum PSA), although median prostate volume in group 1 (57.76 +/- 26.94 cc) were slighter greater than in group 2. Cancer detection rate for patients submitted to 20 prostate biopsy was higher than patients submitted to 12 prostate biopsy (35.2% vs. 25%, p = 0.095). Breakdown to PSA level showed a benefit to 20 prostate biopsy for PSA <6 ng/mL (37.1% vs. 12.9%, p = 0.005). Stratifying results by prostate volume, we found that the improvement of cancer detection rate with 20 prostate biopsy was significant in patients with a prostate volume greater than 60 cc (55% in 20 prostate biopsy vs. 11.3% p < 0.05). Morbidity rates were identical in groups 1 and 2 with no statistically significant difference. There appeared to be no greater risk of infection and bleeding with 20 prostate biopsy protocol.The 20-core biopsy protocol was more efficient than the 12-core biopsy protocol, especially in patients with prostate specific antigen <6 ng/mL and prostate volume greater than 60 cc.

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